This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Medical Establishment Is A Major Threat To Health Discuss

2048 words - 8 pages

The quotation “the medical establishment is a major threat to health” was one devised by Illich in Medical Nemesis (1976 p11) where he attempted to explain the detrimental effects medical professionals and their procedures can have on the health of individuals. In order to discuss the effects of the medical establishment it is necessary to evaluate its performance including the critiques of modern medicine. The concepts of iatrogenesis and medicalisation will be explored and case studies given as an example.

The medical profession have claimed responsibility for the eradication of the infectious diseases that plagued the population in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Vaccination, chemical cures and advancements in medical understanding of the biological mechanisms of the human body were the means by which the medical establishment claimed this victory. McKeown argues that “medicine only played a minor role” (Davey, et. al., 1995) and that nearly 90% of the decline in mortality rates between 1860 and 1965 occurred before chemical treatments were available (Illich, 1976). Cochrane indicates that medical technology has never been evaluated. In fact, in a study observing differences between heart disease patients nursed at home and in coronary care units, the results showed that hospitalisation did not provide any advantage (Bilton et. al., 1996). According to McKeown, social, environmental measures were most effective in the control of infectious disease and the medical establishment should not be credited with the power they now possess.

In modern society the emphasis of illness has changed from infectious diseases to new epidemics in the form of heart disease, cancer and accidents. There is:
“no evidence of any direct relationship between the mutation of sickness and the so-called progress of disease”                 (Davey et. al., 1995 p237).

In fact, all of these illnesses have no effective medical cure. An ageing population has to suffer the degenerative diseases that are inherent of modern societies with no hope for a cure, only insinuations of their ‘wasting’ of scarce resources for the largely ineffective alleviation of their discomfort. It would appear that the successes of the medical establishment have been greatly over stated.

Iatrogenesis is a concept devised by Illich (1976) to describe the “disabling impact of professional control over medicine” (Illich 1976) and how this effects individuals’ health. Meaning literally doctor-induced disease, iatrogenesis describes the influence of medical intervention. The damage inflicted on people in the name of medicine is apparently reaching epidemic proportions:
“the pain, dysfunction, disability and anguish resulting from medical intervention now rivals the morbidity due to traffic and industrial accidents and even war-related activities..........Only modern malnutrition injures more people than...

Find Another Essay On The Medical Establishment Is A Major Threat To Health - Discuss

Hydraulic Fracturing: A Possible Threat to the

2089 words - 9 pages energy industry as people are claiming that it poses a threat to the environment and to peoples’ health. Over the years, studies have supported a safety record of hydraulic fracturing that is nearly flawless and that rebuke the claims by environmentalists that it is a harmful process (Anthony, 2010). While hydraulic fracturing looks potentially hazardous on paper, the boost to the economy and the low environmental footprint it actually has make it a

Plagiarism - A Severe Threat to the Society

1161 words - 5 pages statistics show not only a problem with student plagiarizing, but also an underlying problem of the failure to recognize it as a severe threat to the future development of today’s society. In order for society to continue to grow and prosper in technology, educators and employers alike must realize that plagiarism is indeed a genuine concern and as a result, must be dealt with in a more severe matter to encourage individualism. Often the threat of

Satanism, Is it really a threat to you?

1567 words - 6 pages organization bent on destroyingChristianity and perverting the world, when actually it is just areligion that, to a point practices religious toleration, and doesn'tpresent a threat to you or anyone else.By doing this report, I would like to state that in no way do Icondone Satanism, nor am I a member of the Church of Satan. Ijust wanted to point out some misconceptions that many haveabout Satanism, and I hope I didn't offend anyone by doing thisreport.

Is the biggest threat to the jewish state.....the jews ?

803 words - 4 pages make up 25% of the population and one in three school students this problem will keep getting bigger till it pops. and The one thing standing in hasidic Jews becoming a larger part of the workforce and integrating into Israeli society is them being exempt from military service the only pathway to getting a job and being successful in modern israel. Since the creation of israel in 1948 ultra orthodox Jews have been exempt from military service, but

is the worlds future a promise or a threat?

643 words - 3 pages because of terrorism because it is so fresh in their minds. Organizations and countries are putting aside their differences and coming together to keep the world safe for all. The “superpowers” (the most powerful countries) have come to realize that working together for prosperity can be more successful than working against one another. Nearly every country in the world is a WTO (World Trade Organization) member, and none has resigned. Even China now

IS Global Warming a Threat?

1204 words - 5 pages What is global warming? What causes it? Who or what does it affect? Is it a threat to Americans and our universe? There are many different answers to these questions that people don’t know or think about. Global warming is affecting us in many ways, good and bad that we don’t notice. Based on the effects of global warming reported it affects us more bad than good in my perspective. Weather is what we experience each day. Climate is the sum of

Asthma: A Major Health Concern

1041 words - 5 pages My major is nursing. I plan to graduate in the coming years with associates; I plan to continue my education for a bachelor’s. I live in Greenpoint (UHF) 201 which is a highly polluted area. Greenpoint is actually considered a Superfund site. A Superfund site is an unstable or abandoned place where hazardous waste is located, which can have a dangerous effect on the local ecosystems or people. Asthma is a major health issue. The population in

Health: A Major Social Issue

1848 words - 7 pages health is conducive to society’s ability to function. He developed the notion of the “sick role” in his book “The Social System” (1951), which describes the rights and obligations a person has when they are ill. The sick role allows the person to be exempt from normal social obligations and to not be blamed for being ill, while also requiring that the person attempts to return to being healthy as soon as possible and complies with the medical

Iron Deficiency: A Major Health Issue in the World

2538 words - 11 pages Iron (Fe) is an essential micronutrient for all living organisms, including human beings, but it is not readily available. Consequently, Iron (Fe) deficiency is a major threat to the health and development of the human populations in the world. The World Health Organization (WHO) has estimated that nearly 3.7 billion people are iron deficient, with 2 billion of these being anemic (WHO, 2007). Iron deficiency is most prevalent in south Asian

Making the transition to university life is a major source of stress

916 words - 4 pages Module: The transition to university lifeAssignment: Referenced essayLecturer: Petrina - CollinStudent name: Cao Thi Hong ThuyStudent ID: 3422251Date: 23/03/2014Question: Making the transition to university life is a major source of stress.Transition from high school to university is important milestone of numerous young people wanting to become graduates; however, according to research of Dr Stallman () numerous students experience high level

Iran: A Policy to Eliminate the Nuclear Threat

1639 words - 7 pages ; these sanctions are designed to strangle Iran’s economy in hopes of coercing Iran to cooperate. This goal of ensuring nonproliferation is important because it would affirm that Iran’s nuclear activity is for peaceful purposes only, while eliminating Iran as a nuclear threat. The policy states, “Iran’s full compliance with its international nuclear obligations would open the door to its receiving treatment as a non-nuclear-weapon state under the

Similar Essays

Is Global Warming A Genuine Threat To The Planet Earth?

2768 words - 11 pages Global warming PAGE \* MERGEFORMAT 1 Is global warming a genuine threat to the planet earth?Heather J. FazioSCI 207-Dependence of Man on the EnvironmentShannon CoronaJune 9, 2008Part I: ThesisAccording to April Holladay (2006), global warming is often defined as "the observed increase in the mean (average) temperature of the Earth's atmosphere and oceans in recent decades," which, unfortunately, leads to difficulties. Even though there are

Is Pornography A Threat To The Freedom Of Women?

923 words - 4 pages Is Pornography A Threat To The Freedom of Women?In today's wireless world, access to information is readily and quickly available.Pornography is no exception and great concern has been raised at a social level about its effects. Pornography is certainly a threat to all women. Because the vast majority of pornography depicts women, they are particularly vulnerable to its effects. Many studies have demonstrated that pornography encourages

Television Is A Threat To Education

1220 words - 5 pages action must be taken to shut down all television broadcasts. Television damages creative thinking skills. Also it brainwashed viewers into an altered reality. Therefore taking control of thoughts and actions. Television is a threat to all forms of education. After this abomination is removed, schools will create more programs that allow creativity and free thinking. Colleges will thrive with all the newly developed creative minds. Society will advance into a golden age. Overall, abolishing television will have a positive result on society. All television stations must be shut down immediately.

Why Is Islam Perceived As A Threat To The West? What Justification Is There In Viewing Islam As A Political Threat To The West?

986 words - 4 pages probably the main reason people believe that Islam is a threat to the west. Monshipouri (1998) shows that this is far from the case that, "Political, rather than religious, considerations have been as much the driving force in Islamic states as elsewhere. The 1991 Gulf War patently demonstrated that religious considerations of the region's countries were superseded by their political calculations. The behaviour of Iran, Turkey, Israel, and the Arab