This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Helicobacter Pylori's Way Of Life

913 words - 4 pages

Helicobacter pylori is a pathogen that thrives in an individual’s stomach. It is spiral in shape and is classified as a unipolar, microaerophilic, gram-negative bacterium. This bacterium was discovered to be the cause of more than eighty percent of all peptic ulcers2. H. Pylori have four to six flagella that help with its motility1. Its flagella also enable it to move into and take up residence in the thick mucus layer of the stomach3. This part of the stomach protects the bacterium from highly acidic contents. H. pylori’s genome was found to be one-third the size of E-coli’s genome2. This indicates that there are possibly many specializations or variation involved with H. pylori.

It is characterized that this organism produces the enzymes catalase and urease. Both catalase and urease helps with the bacterium’s pathogenicity. Urease enzyme is considered the main virulence factor of H. pylori. It breaks down urea, which then produces ammonia that protects the bacterium from the acid in the stomach3. Ammonia presents as a buffer that neutralizes stomach acid, helping H. pylori to thrive2. As well, catalase enhances its ability to overcome the white blood cells that tries to kill the bacteria1. H. pylori produces two more enzymes right after it colonizes the stomach. Protease and phospholipase are enzymes that act on gastric epithelium to destroy the mucus layer of the stomach1. Surrounding H. pylori, there is a structure called adhesins that enable it to bind to the host cell. H. pylori’s adhesins are also virulent factors since its adherence to the gastric mucosa protects it from the acidic pH. The most notable adhesin of this bacterium is a protein called “BabA” or blood group antigen binding adhesion2. When BabA bind to gastric epithelial cells, it creates inflammatory responses to the stomach. H. pylori is also persistent due to the mechanism of cag pathogenicity island which delivers proteins to the host cell4. These proteins are considered toxic, which results in the killing or altering of the host cell.

H. pylori is often found within the antrum of the stomach. In the antrum, there is no acid-producing parietal cells and therefore protects this region from acidic contents3. H. pylori then digs deep down the epithelium with the aid of its flagella. During this process, it also releases its enzymes (protease and phospholipase) that destroy the epithelium’s structure. H. pylori then weakens the gastric mucosa by disrupting the tight junctions between the cells3. As a result, the gastric mucosa will become leakier than normal. Acid and pepsin will diffuse into the mucosa leading to ulcer in the stomach wall3.

Ulcers can have serious consequences. Hemorrhage resulting from damage to submucosal capillaries may occur2. The stomach wall can also perforate, leading to the leakage of gastric contents into the abdominal cavity. This will then result in extreme pain of the stomach. Common symptoms that occur may include weight loss, nausea...

Find Another Essay On The Helicobacter Pylori's Way of Life

The Onondaga Indians and there way of life

1095 words - 4 pages the Ayonwatha Belt as it is presented on the first page of the web site, which is looking northward, then the Onondaga are represented by the symbol of the Great White Pine tree. After Tadodaho, who stood in the way of the Confederacy, accepted the Great Law of Peace from the Peacemaker, the Haudenosaunee Confederacy was founded, and then, at Onondaga, the Great Tree of Peace was planted and all the articles of war were buried beneath the tree

A fun look at the western way of life

1284 words - 5 pages position to guard Union territory or only to move camp for reasons unbeknownst to us. Privates were never told more than they needed to know they were expected to follow orders without question. On the battle field at times "left of the general" or "right of the general", and "flank advance... charge!" was all we ever heard. I don't know, I'm not one to judge but it might be better that way. I mean not knowing what we're about to encounter, we

Plato's Happiest Way of Life

1001 words - 4 pages Plato's Happiest Way of Life A just life in a just society would be the happiest possible way to live for Plato. Justice is defined as a balanced and well-integrated specialization of functions both within the scope of society and the individual. The just society classifies its members on the basis of individual differences in intellectual and physical abilities and is therefore warranted. The way to achieve a happy life is only half

Buddhism: A way of Life

2347 words - 10 pages religion that seeks for a way of life that ultimately releases a person from suffering and leads them to inner peace and joy. The name Buddhism comes from the word "budhi" which means "to wake up." This philosophy originated from the life of a man named Siddhartha Gautama, known as the Buddha. “At his naming ceremony, priests foretold that his life could go in one of two directions”( Molloy 125). He would either follow his father's footsteps and

A Normal Way of Life

1104 words - 4 pages A Normal Way of Life What is "normal" in American culture? I believe my family is "normal" and my friends believe that of their families, too. Yet, our families are so different. How can that be? Everyone has an ideal image of a "normal" family according to the way they live. I believe "normal" to be a mother, a father, and kids living in the same house with three cars and a pool to be normal. My family has a strong set of beliefs

Zen: A Way of Life

817 words - 3 pages is a cup, OK?" The student bowed saying, "thank you for having showed me my way." This teaching is an interesting one, who am I has alot to do with that question, "what is this?" The student's reply was simply, "I don't know." That's great, but there is actually a very simple answer beyond all speech and words for any kind of questioning. Can you find it? That drinking, this demonstrated the true nature of a cup. Of course a cup is a cup, and yes

Conflict - A Way of Life

695 words - 3 pages Conflicts arise from different expectations among people. Though rational people tend to minimize its chances of occurrence, unfortunately, there is no way we could avoid it entirely in our life. My story begins with a norm taught by the seniors, 'Being a child, you should do your best to make your loved ones happier.'It was a Mothers' Day when I was five years old. What a wonderful day that I remembered vividly how marvelous I felt when I

HINDUISM SIMPLY A WAY OF LIFE

1596 words - 6 pages HINDUISM SIMPLY A WAY OF LIFEISN'T HINDUISM SIMPLY A WAY OF LIFE?" This is a question I am frequently asked at satsang gatherings. It invariably makes for spirited discussion, as there is avid interest and a lively diversity of opinion. Years ago, Swami Chinmayananda, founder of Chinmaya Mission, gave a dramatic lecture on the subject (bit.ly/ hinduism -way-of-life). Here are key excerpts: "'Hinduism is not a religion. It is a way of life.' You

Judaism as a Way of Life

743 words - 3 pages Judaism as a Way of Life Judaism is a way of life. It is a religion that goes beyond the normal boundaries and reaches deep into daily life. "To be Jewish is to live a certain way before God, not to hold to a specific creed or confession " (Rousmaniere, 128). The laws of the Torah, its interpretations in the Mishnah and the Talmud teach a Jewish person how to live and what rules to follow. To be Jewish means more than just going to a

Cold Sassy Tree’s Southern Way of Life

648 words - 3 pages recently dies, they go into mourning. When the family is in mourning, they only wear dark colors for about a month. The Southern way of life is quite different compared to the northern way of life, even though their different lifestyles may not seem to affect one another. Unfortunately, it did, which added to the list of why the Civil War began shortly after the time period Cold Sassy Tree took place. “Southerners shared certain preferences and

Rastafarianism: Beleifs and Way of Life

1791 words - 7 pages ' death gave us forgiveness for our sins and life after death, Rastas claimed that after Selassie's death, his atom spread around the world and became part of new babies, therefore his life is never ending (13).Much like Christians, Rastas are supposed to express worship in their everyday lives through the food they eat, the way they dress, and through their actions. Many Rastas live in bush camps ruled by an "Elder". Some camps are segregated by

Similar Essays

The Amish Way Of Life Essay

2054 words - 8 pages baked or products they had designed and with their own two hands. After witnessing the simple way of life, as many would consider it, and the people who woke up in 2014 and still look like they are in the 1800’s, I left that place thinking that these people have a reason for the way of life that they practice. The way of life seemed very strange, because of the “simple” way of life and not so much dependent upon technology and gas engines, well

A Way Of Life Essay

817 words - 4 pages No one every thinks about how we got here. About what our ancestors had to go through and how the chances that we would actually ne here get slimmer and slimmer the more that you think about it. All those people that are in your family tree have helped to shape who you are and the person that you will become. Our family seems to determine who we are going to be in life and always seems to find a way to get us there. In the story A Wagner Matinee

The Way And Life Of General Carl A. Spaatz

3100 words - 12 pages The Way and Life of General Carl A. Spaatz      The name General Carl ‘Tooey’ Andrew Spaatz has become synonymous with the phrase air power and strategist. Air power has come along way since Wilbur and Orville launched the first airplane in 1902 in the city of Kitty Hawk. Famous engineers have taken the Wright-Brothers design and made great improvements to them while slowly integrating these new powerful means of

The Unpredictable Way Of Life: A Serious Man

1417 words - 6 pages attention, he hits one of the cars lined up in traffic caused by Sy. Although what actually happened wasn’t made clear by the director, but in my opinion and in my observation in the scene, I think Sy caused his own death and not the other way as Larry thought. Larry decides to seek spiritual help after his friend from the park encourages him to return to old religion tradition. He decides to visit 3 Rabbis and they all had their own perceptions