This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Hinckley Trial And The Insanity Defense

1237 words - 5 pages

Trial of Murder or claims of Insanity
What does the term "insanity" mean? A mental illnesses which are so severe and debilitating that prevents a person from functioning in a lawful socially acceptable manner. (google.com) A little history about psychiatric hospitals and how things were handled in the past. “The nation's first two psychiatric hospitals opened in the late-1700s. Eastern State Hospital in Williamsburg, Va. opened Oct. 12, 1773. By 1880, there were 75 public psychiatric hospitals in the United States. In 1955 state mental institutions in the U.S. housed nearly 560,000 patients. By 1977, mental institutions reduced the size of their collective population to about 160,000." (A History of Mental Institutions in the United States) “The number of U.S. Registered Hospitals 920,829.” (Health Forum) Psychiatric hospitals/facilities receive billions of dollars to run these facilities. (Gary Null, PhD)
There are symptoms of insanity that could be observed such as; aggression, restless, sadness, in different, irritable, or recklessness. But there are some symptoms that are not easily observed such as; emotional liability and changed thought patterns. There were different forms of treatments used to treat insanity victims; 1. INSULIN-COMA THERAPY began in 1927. 2. TREPANATION 20th century 3. ROTATIONAL THERAPY 4. MESMERISM (1734-1815) 5. LOBOTOMY 6. Electroconvulsive therapy 7.restraint 8. Strong drugs 9. Shock water treatment 10. Bleeding 11. Blistering salves. Such treatments often left patients severely damaged and not being able to function in society. New psychiatric drugs were developed in the 1950s, there was a new-found belief that people in mental institutions could be rehabilitated. Our current day treatments are rehabilitation hospitals, counseling, and medications. (Dan Greenberg, Psychiatric Treatments)

The John Hinckley Trail was an assassination crime towards the president Ronald Reagan of the United States of America. The prosecution raised a defense against the defendant saying he was full aware of his actions and should be tried guilty for the murder of the president. The defendant stated not guilty by claim of insanity. Hinckley had an interest in famous crimes, and he studied them carefully over the years which caused an infatuation with becoming famous by any means because of the pressure he felt to become someone because of the family he came from. Everyone was successful but him and was considered an outcast.

At some point he felt some emotional feelings with Jodie Foster films from on television. Hinckley wrote over 6 trillion letters to Jodie Foster. He did not if he was in love or if he wanted to kill her. The same highly personalized sense emotional feels came about when he saw the president and he waved and smiled at Hinckley. Mr. Hinckley took the time to write Jodie Foster a letter to explain his goals for the assassination and explained that he had a deliberate reason for carrying it out and how the...

Find Another Essay On The Hinckley Trial and the Insanity Defense

The Insanity Defense Essay

2225 words - 9 pages crime was committed. There is also the issue of which the person is competent to stand trial, which means if that person pleading insanity is able to stand up in front of the jury and understand their consequences. To be able to plead insanity the defendant has to be competent to stand trial because that way they understand the standards and why they are being sentenced what they are being sentenced. The insanity defense is not always successful

Andrea Yates and The Evolution of Insanity Defense

1919 words - 8 pages wife’s condition. By reason of doctors saying that Andrea Yates was getting better, Rusty had the right to believe that his wife was truly getting better and also that if he treated her like she was insane, the end result would be the same. The M’Naughten Rule states, “Every man is to be presumed to be sane, and ... that to establish a defense on the ground of insanity, it must be clearly proved that, at the time of the committing of the act, the

The Insanity Defense Part I When is the insanity plea a reasonable and

866 words - 3 pages The Insanity Defense Part IOutlineWhen is the insanity plea a reasonable and ethical tool?Thesis: Although some criminals abuse the insanity plea by invoking it to escape being punished for their crimes, the insanity plea should nevertheless still be allowed for those with a documented record of mental illness.I. Background information on the insanity plea [the M'Naughten case]II. Abusing the insanity pleaIII. Importance of the insanity plea in

The Insanity Defense: Crazy or Not?

687 words - 3 pages The article "The Insanity Defense and the Unabomber Trial" by Barbara Sarason of the University of Washington touches on a number of important questions for all members of our society to consider. The insanity defense is used in only approximately one percent of felony cases and succeeds only a rare amount of the time, yet on television and in courtroom fiction it is depicted as being a common technique used by cunning defense lawyers. Shows

Answers whether the insanity defense has a useful fuinction

1162 words - 5 pages The insanity defense refers to that branch of the concept of insanity, which defines the extent to which those accused of crimes may be relieved of criminal responsibility by virtue of mental disease. The terms of such a defense are to be found in the instructions presented by the trial judge to the jury at the close of a case. These instructions can be drawn from any of several rules used in the determination of mental illness. The final

Is The Current Law Defense of Insanity Ineffective?

2143 words - 9 pages INTRODUCTION In this project, I will consider whether the current law defence of insanity is ineffective, out-dated and in need of reform. I will do so by considering few criticisms of the insanity defence under the M’Naghten rules by academics like Peter Blood and others, as well as by reviewing possible law reform in the Insanity and automatism Scoping paper. My main aim is to uncover particular parts of the law which urgently need a reform

The Insanity Defense, "Innocent by Reason of Insanity", Should be Reformed or Abolished

1909 words - 8 pages incompetence. Incompetence is the inability of a defendant to understand the charges against him/her, the inability to participate in his/her defense, and it relates to the defendant's state of mind at the time of the trial ("Insanity"). A trial cannot proceed if a defendant has been found incompetent. The legal concept of insanity is different from the psychiatric concept of mental illness. A person whose mental illness is not under dispute may be

“I’m crazy I swear. Now let me off”: The Insanity Defense

2390 words - 10 pages /news/crime/year-dark-knight-killer-remains-mystery-article-1.1402893>. http://criminal.findlaw.com/criminal-procedure/the-insanity-defense-among-the-states.html (CITE THIS) Hodgins, Sheilagh. "Mental Disorder, Intellectual Deficiency, and Crime Evidence From a Birth Cohort." JAMA Psychiatry. Silver Chair Information, 01 June 1992. Web. 20 Nov 2013. http://public-action.com/Just-Us/tioid.html (CITE THIS) http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/maybe-its-just-me/201101/debating-the-insanity-defense (CITE THIS) http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=the-insanity-verdict-on-trial (CITE THIS)

This essay argues against the insanity plea. It gives about 5 points/arguments that prove the defense faulty, and tell that it should be abolished from court rooms

1081 words - 4 pages trial. Using the insanity plea in a murder case and getting away with it shakes the security of American people. Would anyone like to know that a murder who had left the mental institution after pleading mentally insane would be walking shoulder to shoulder with them or someone they loves out on the streets. This is a great fear behind the insanity defense because many non-guilty verdicts have set the violent offender free and he committed

Identify And Evaluate The Roles Of The Prosecution And Defense In A Criminal Trial. Identify & Discuss The Sentencing Powers, Available To A Judge In A Specific Criminal Case

1693 words - 7 pages pursuit of justice.The key objectives of the defense are to advise defendants on the best course of action for pending prosecutions; assessing the prosecutions case, arguing against it where necessary, and providing their own evidence with the aim of obtaining the best possible outcome for the defendants. They must also seek to ensure that the defendant receives a fair trial. Defense lawyers are often asked 'How can you defend someone that is guilty

Totaltitarian germany and the trial

1847 words - 8 pages During Europe’s period of economic advancement, industrialization, and militia power Franz Kafka crafted a novel that perfectly exemplified what was to become of the country in the following years. Written by Kafka in 1914, The Trial contained numerous totalitarian representations, mocking the form of government in which the citizens are bound to the absolute rule of an autocratic authority. The book was not published and exposed to the world

Similar Essays

Defense Of The Insanity Defense Essay

2558 words - 10 pages Defense of the Insanity Defense: John Hinckley Jr., Jeffery Dahmer, James Holmes, and Andrea Yates: all are perpetrators of violent crimes, and all claim insanity as the reason. In recent years, it seems that the verdicts of many major violent crimes have come down to whether the defendant is accountable for their actions or if they should be held Not Guilty by Reason of Insanity (NGRI). This verdict more commonly known as the Insanity Defense

The Insanity Defense Essay

1170 words - 5 pages of that mental illness was a disease that could be treated and possibly cured.” Retrieved on 5/25/2010 from http://www.law.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/hinckley/EVOL.HTM In 1962, due to much criticism of the various tests for the insanity defense, the American Law Institute (ALI) designed a new test that requires that the mental disease or defect be a mental diagnosis. The penal code test is much broader than the M'Naghten Rule and

The Insanity Defense Essay

1377 words - 6 pages took place after John Hinckley was found not guilty because he was ruled insane during his failed assassination attempt on President Ronald Reagan. Then the new federal standard eliminated the volitional component and left only the cognitive component. Many states have followed by doing this also but some states have eliminated the insanity defense altogether. The insanity defense is used in only about 1% of cases in the U.S. and is successful

Against The Insanity Defense Essay

1238 words - 5 pages The insanity defense has been used for decades to justify the crimes of those individuals found to be not guilty by reason of insanity (NGRI). The use of the insanity defense is one that is surrounded in controversy and continues to be a problem for medical and law professionals across the nation. One major problem with the insanity defense is that insanity is a legal, not a medical definition. So how can one apply medical theory to a legal