The Historic Accuracy Of Homer’s Iliad

2986 words - 12 pages

Homer’s Iliad has been a European myth for many millennia , the long poetic narrative written in the 8th century B.C. recounts a fearsome war fought over a beautiful woman. The reliability of Homers Iliad as a true historical document has been challenged for hundreds of years and only through archaeological studies can the truth be deciphered. The Iliad was written five centuries after the war, where the stories had been passed down through the oral tradition, therefore the type of society reflected within the poems resemble much more the time of Homer . The fact and fiction of the Iliad has been uncovered through archaeology. Archaeologist found a site in which they thought to have been ‘Troy’ destroyed by the powerful country of Mycenae in the late Bronze Age. They found large amount of material culture from where they could reconstruct the society, this included pottery, engravings, murals and clay tablets. A reason for the Trojan War has always inspired great controversy. The Trojan War according to Homer was fought over the abduction of a beautiful women but this theory appears improbable. Other causes which could have sparked a war is Troy’s geographical positioning. This made it extremely opulent, where other countries of the Aegean would trade there goods and use its harbour. The Mycenaean’s being an extremely imperial, violent and militaristic country would have seen Troy as a great opportunity to gain territory and wealth, on this motive the war took place.
The Iliad alone would never have been a reliable source without archaeological evidence to verify the actuality of a Trojan war. Therefore archaeologists have been working on the site known as hissarlik since the 1800’s to uncover truths about the myth. Frank Calvert a British amateur archaeologist is seen to be the first person to discover the mound called Hissarlik situated in the Troad area in north-western Asia Minor in 1865 .Although not having the resources to carry out further investigation, he invited wealthy German business man turned archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann to investigate. Schliemann was obsessed with the Iliad, having been read it as a child and seeing a depiction of Troy in a common history book by Ludwig Jerrer triggered his desire to find the remains of the city. He wasn’t a trained archaeologist but had a crucial guide to the location of sites that would prove the reality of the Homeric poems. Schliemann discovered that there were nine major levels, their chronology ranging from c. 3000 to 1100 B.C. From the beginning Troy had been a fortified stronghold as explained in the Iliad. “The well-walled city of Troy” . Finds also indicated that its occupants were wealthy. Therefore primarily Schliemann thought Troy II in which he found gold diadems, gold earrings, rings, buttons and bracelets discovered in the citadel wall was the treasure of king Priam. Later it was discovered that Troy II was far too early by more than one thousand years to have been the...

Find Another Essay On The Historic Accuracy of Homer’s Iliad

Hector as the True Hero of Homer’s Iliad

2416 words - 10 pages Hector is the True Hero of Iliad        In today's society, a man's mind is his most important tool. In the past, however, a man's courage and strength is all that he had to keep him alive. In Homer's Iliad, courage is valued over honesty and even faithfulness to one's wife. If a hero is the most courageous man in the bunch, then Hector is more heroic than Achilles and King of the Myrmidons. Hector is the true hero of Homer's Iliad

Expression of Self-worth in Homer’s Iliad

1416 words - 6 pages Expression of Self-worth in Homer’s Iliad The story of the Trojan War as played out in the Iliad is perhaps most gripping for the focus on the role of the individual; the soul is struck by the very concept of a decade-long war and a city-state razed to the ground for one man’s crime and one woman’s beauty. As such, the dynamic between Helen, Paris, and the Trojan people they have doomed is a fascinating one. For while Prince Paris is

A Comparison of the Role of Women in Homer’s Odyssey and Iliad

3409 words - 14 pages The Role of Women in Odyssey and The Iliad The Iliad and Odyssey present different ideals of women, and the goddesses, who are presented as ideal women, differ between the two epics. The difference in roles is largely dependent on power, and relations to men, as well as sexual desirability and activity. The goddesses have a major role in both epics as Helpers of men. They have varied reasons for this.  One is a maternal instinct. This

Qualities of a Hero Illustrated in Homer’s Epic Poem, The Iliad

645 words - 3 pages The Ancient Greeks idealized and worshiped their heroes, this is portrayed in Homer’s epic poem, The Iliad. To become a hero in ancient Greece, one would have to live and die in pursuit of glory and honor. Both Achilles and Hector seek victory in battle to become the “true hero.” Although both characters possess many hero-like qualities, Hector proved to be the genuine hero. Heroes are viewed differently today as the average person

The Struggle Amongst the Gods in the Homer’s Iliad

1407 words - 6 pages Throughout the Iliad there are several repeating themes, the most prominent of which are conflict, and divine intervention. In Homer’s Iliad there is rarely any action taken by any character that isn’t driven to achieve an immortal’s interest, and there is rarely another immortal that isn’t trying to achieve the exact opposite. This forms an amorphous ever changing environment full of disorder and disarray and divine intervention, pitting the

Honor as the Theme in Homer’s The Iliad

2088 words - 8 pages composed in Ancient Greek—The Iliad and Odyssey. Both epics are famous for the literariness therein, but more than that is the theme that spins around the two epics—the importance of honor. In The Iliad, this is shown more than ever, and amidst the thousands of deaths, the murder and betrayal, the wrath of the gods and goddesses, the beautiful queen which caused the war, and the mythical and mystical of creatures is the pervading atmosphere and

Use of Epithets In Homer’s Iliad and Odyssey

851 words - 3 pages Use of Epithets In Homer’s Iliad and Odyssey Throughout The Iliad and The Odyssey, Homer’s use of the epithet in describing Odysseus becomes essential as a means of characterizing the hero. Homer uses several epithets, or nicknames, along with the name “Odysseus” as the story unfolds in both tales. Three of these include the descriptive epithet “wily Odysseus,” the laudative epithet “Odysseus, the great tactician,” and the

The Glory Of War Analyzed in Homer’s The Iliad and Ishmael Beah’s Autobiography, A Long Way Gone

649 words - 3 pages Taking into consideration the many historic events of our time, there is no claim to be made that humanity has kicked its addiction to warfare. The contention, however, lies in whether this addiction may be described as glorious. Those keen to label it so need only look to “the world’s greatest war novel” Homer’s The Iliad in which war creates heroes out of men on both sides of the battlefield. It is fought nobly and bravely, and immortalizes

The Accuracy of Nowadays Knowledge

1292 words - 5 pages The accuracy of nowadays knowledge Humans society functions mainly based on the common knowledge that most of us agree on. Most of time, people trust the knowledge they currently possess without much doubt. However, sometime the objective facts that we believe in may re-evaluated and redefined by the experience we progressively gained and discovery of new evidence from different perspectives. Hence, the question is raised, does

The Iliad of Homer

1004 words - 4 pages The Iliad of Homer Honor is something men and women have fought for century after century. Even now, thousands of American and British men are fighting in Iraq, near to where the Trojan War was to have taken place. These men fight for the greater good. They fight for those in Iraq who are unable to fight for or otherwise defend themselves. They fight for honor. The characters in the Iliad are motivated by their own form of honor, or arete

Marx And The Historic Evolution Of Communism

1016 words - 5 pages Marx & Historic Evolution of Communism By: Karl Marx although widely considered the father of Communism (as it is now recognized) was neither the first or last to try and design an equal society based around the state. Although Marx's model is by far the most detailed and widely considered feasible, it is based on the works of many other socialist thinkers through the ages. The goal of this essay is to examine the contributions of as many of

Similar Essays

The Role Of Women In Homer’s Iliad

796 words - 3 pages The Role of Women in Homer’s Iliad Homer’s Iliad is undoubtedly focused on its male characters: Achilles, primarily, but also Hector and Agamemnon. Nevertheless, it seems that the most crucial characters in the epic are female. Homer uses the characters of Thetis, Andromache, and Helen as a basis for comparison to the male characters. Homer wants his audience to see and understand the folly of his male characters in choosing war over peace

The Pursuit Of Honor In Homer’s Iliad

1883 words - 8 pages The Pursuit of Honor in Homer’s Iliad Throughout history, people have pondered the question of human mortality. In examining the issue, the Ancient Greeks, came to the conclusion that there are two spheres of immortality: that which is reserved for the Gods and that which can be attained by mere mortals. The Gods are destined to eternal youth and life; however, for humans who are predestined to die, this existence is impossible to attain

Essay On Achilles As The Hero Of Homer’s Iliad

1628 words - 7 pages Achilles as the Hero of Homer’s Iliad       When Homer lived, the stature of a hero was measured by the yardstick of fighting ability. In Homer's Iliad, the character of Achilles represents the epitome of the Greek 'heroic code'. Only Achilles fights for pure heroics, while the characters of Diomedes and Hector provide good contrasts. "Prowess on the battlefield was ranked supreme, high above any considerations of morality"(Martin 26

Essay On Diomedes, The True Hero Of Homer’s Iliad

1552 words - 6 pages Diomedes, the True Hero of The Iliad In The Iliad, written in a 3rd person omniscient point of view, Homer gives a very serious account of the tenth and last year of the Trojan War.  It was in Homer's account that the very idea of becoming a legendary hero reached its pinnacle; the choice of the better hero was not decided on the events they participated in, but rather by their characteristics.  The ancient Greeks had strict criteria for