This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Historical Context In Which The Economies Of Madagascar And New Zealand Developed

2461 words - 10 pages

Intro – The Malagasy are the very strong willed, native residents of Madagascar. The Maori are the fierce native tribes of New Zealand. In the 1800’s both of these lands were overrun with tribal violence and nearly constant warfare. Neither society had progressed technologically past the wooden or rock weapons. Economies of scale were non-existent in either place. Now, over 200 years later, New Zealand is a very civilized country with an export-driven economy. While Madagascar, despite its economic potential, has a GDP per capita lower than $500 (world bank). Why is there such a huge disparity between the countries? The answer can be found by examining the how their separate political institutions have evolved. By contrasting how the two countries development since they were colonized we can begin to understand why New Zealand’s stability has fostered an environment for international investment and economic growth. While Madagascar’s inability to maintain stability in their government has led to very unstable economic conditions. The political institutions for both countries were defined by the countries that settled and colonized them. This paper will seek to help the reader understand the historical context in which both economies developed. With this background in place, it will be clear to see that political stability breeds an environment of trust among the people of a country, which allows for businesses to have low transaction costs and less corruption costs as well.
Madagascar became a trading post for both Britain and France in the early days of colonization, but it wasn’t until 1895 that the French established a colony officially in Madagascar. This was formally recognized by Britain and the trade relations that had begun with Britain were halted. The reason that France was supposedly colonizing during that time period was to uplift, enlighten and pacify the native people. However, France enslaved the Malagasy people. They forced them into corvee, which is unpaid labor imposed by the government. They imposed their language onto the people, and didn’t allow any governmental representation for the Malagasy initially. They were basically exploiting the natural resources and labor resources of Madagascar. As a result of corvee, there were multiple violent revolutions by the exploited Malagasy before the end of the World Wars. Each was suppressed by the French. As time passed on, the system of corvee was abolished and the economy of Madagascar was integrated with that of France. In 1960 France gave Madagascar its independence. Its first sovereign government was an autocratic ruler whose party controlled the parliament. It was a very centralized government with very close ties to the French economic system. This new government began to establish trade relations with South Africa. However, the economy was deteriorating and by 1972 the people of...

Find Another Essay On The Historical Context in which the Economies of Madagascar and New Zealand Developed

New Zealand and the Impact of Fishing

1445 words - 6 pages about the country, but about its fish. Even such little nuances as the names of the islands reflect the importance of fishing and the ocean for survival. The Māori refer to the South Island as “the canoe of Māui” (Te Waka-a-Māui) and the North Island as “the fish of Māui” (Te Ika-a-Māui) ("New Zealand"). For a country which has increased its export of fish by fifty times its size in the past thirty years (Starfish), it

The Geography Of New Zealand Essay

1064 words - 4 pages countries. New Zealand's monetary unit is the New Zealand dollar, and the exchange rate is 1.46 N.Z. dollars equals 1 U.S. dollar. With a 6.2 percent economic growth rate, New Zealand could soon have one of the top five economies in the world.      New Zealand is among the world's finest countries, because of its exquisite landscape and first-rate economy. With an excellent standard of living, perfect climate, and

The Children of New Zealand

1265 words - 5 pages homes for the crimes of others... Who can be beaten without it being an assault.” (Advertisement in the Listener) Questioning the readiness with which New Zealand society permits children, despite our affluence to... suffer neglect and ill-health. The children of New Zealand do not deserve the suffering nor the ignorance of the nation.

Historical Context of The Jewel in the Crown

801 words - 3 pages Historical Context of The Jewel in the Crown   The historical context of Paul Scott's novel - The Jewel in the Crown - serves to explain and interpret a tragic love story between two characters; Daphne Manners and Hari Kumar. The love story serves to clarify and interpret the social/racial and historical significance of the time period in which it is set - 1942.  Their love - a product as well as a victim of the time and events

Discuss the Historical and Social context of America in 1980s in relation to "Moonstruck"?

540 words - 2 pages The film, "Moonstruck" (1987), was set in the 1980s in America and was notably appropriated from "A Midsummer's Night Dream (Shakespeare)". In order to appreciate the aesthetic value of this appropriation, research must be conducted into the historical and societal context of this film.Being set in America in 1987, society at that time was developing. To give a brief idea of America at that time, it had a population of 226,54600, had a life

The Chamaleons of Madagascar

1021 words - 5 pages knows that they are being got when they are inside the Chameleons mouth ready to be swallowed. All in all, Chameleons are highly numbered in the forests of Madagascar than any other countries of the world. But it are migrating to most tropical countries of the world. Interesting species are forming with new different color changing abilities and sizes. They may not have that speed as some of the fast moving reptiles, but still have the

The Role of Technology in Transforming the New Zealand Economy

2147 words - 9 pages I have also attached the paper in a word document due to formatting and graph issuesExecutive SummaryThis overview paper proposes an integrated approach for innovation policy, focusing on the particular role of technology, to support the Government's economic goals. It includes a review of the role of technology in the New Zealand economy as a basis for identifying priorities for innovation policy.Compared to our trading partners we have

Abortion in Historical Context - The Early History of Abortion

2340 words - 9 pages no deadly drug to any, though it be asked of me, and I will counsel such, and especially I will not aid a woman to procure abortion. Whatsoever house I enter, there will I go for the benefit of the sick, refraining from all wrong-doing or corruption, and especially from any act of seduction, of male or female, of bond or free. Whatever things I see or hear concerning the life of men, in my attendance on the sick or even apart therefrom, which

Prospect and Setbacks of Globalization to National Economies in the New Century

3121 words - 12 pages Prospect and Setbacks of Globalization to National Economies in the New CenturyIntroductionGlobalization (or globalisation) in its literal sense is a social change, an increase in connections among societies and their elements due to, among others, the explosive evolution of transport and communication technologies. The term is applied to many social, cultural, commercial and economic activities. Depending on the context it can mean: (a)closer

The Social and Historical Context of Judith Guest‘s Ordinary People

2058 words - 9 pages Part 1) Context: Describe the social and historical context of the story (see chapter 1 of "Learning in Adulthood"). If you are working with a historical movie you will want to address both the social and historical context of the story and the social and historical context of the time in which the film was made. For example, if you are working with a movie made in the 1980s about the Civil War you will need to talk about the social and

The Historical Context of Ridda, Shura, and Shi'a

2150 words - 9 pages in the fact that this possibility existed within the Islamic revelation itself and so had to be realized. Inasmuch as there were exoteric [Zaheri] and esoteric [Bateni] interpretations from the very beginning, from which developed the schools (madhhab) of the Sharia and Sufism in the Sunni world, there also had to be an interpretation of Islam, which would combine these elements in a single whole. This possibility was realized in Shi'ism, for

Similar Essays

The Differences Which The Regions Of New England And Chesapeake Developed In The United States

510 words - 2 pages Although the New England and Chesapeake regions of the United States were both settled by the English in the 1600s, they developed into two very different communities based mainly on their geographical location and religious devotion. Unlike their European rivals, the English founded colonies in North America. Settlers in the Chesapeake region used force to take possession of Indian lands. The Chesapeake region of the colonies included

The Issues, Events And Actions Which 'pulled' The British Crown Into New Zealand 1830 1840

1357 words - 5 pages greatly from Maori and Pakeha.Britain held very little control in New Zealand. Captain William Hobson noticed this when he was sent to investigate the situation on behalf of Governor Bourke of New South Wales. He reported back saying that both Maori and the ever increasing settlements of law abiding British were under threat from lawlessness. This lawlessness refered to drunken sailors and the like apon from whom which British had a gained

Causal Theories, Indicators And Remediations For Educators Of Dyslexic Students A New Zealand Context

1385 words - 6 pages support.*The prevalence of dyslexia in English-speaking countries is high, as the orthography of the English language is 'opaque', compared to countries with either a 'transparent' orthography, or a visual orthography.*The suggested prevalence of dyslexia in New Zealand is 10% of students, and up to 50-60% of prison inmates.*Dyslexia is not officially recognised in New Zealand, due to our traditional 'whole language' reading approach.*There is no

How Does Brave New World Reflect The Context In Which It Was Written?

855 words - 3 pages War I era: the struggle for peace, but at what cost? the development of science and who controls it, and the extremes of totalitarianism."Community, Identity, Stability" (Ch1), otherwise known as the World State's Motto, these words are what almost immediately greet the responder upon opening. Following the turmoil of World War I, the majority of the world craved pace and stability, the importance of which is blatantly obvious in the Brave New