The History And Benefits Of Electric Cars

1527 words - 6 pages

The History and Advantages of Electric Cars

Early electric vehicles may have appeared as early as 1830. Scottish inventor Robert Davidson constructed the world's first prototype electric vehicle in 1837, but historians generally credit J.K. Starley, an English inventor, and Fred M. Kimball of Boston with building the first practical electric cars in 1888. Later in the in the decade, William Morrison of Des Moines, Iowa, constructed his version of the electric vehicle in 1891. His vehicle required 24 storage battery cells, took 10 hours to charge, and could run for 13 hours. It could carry up to 12 people and had a 4-horsepower motor. His car could reach speeds up to 14 miles per hour. Morrison, however, never mass-produced his vehicle. The first commercially produced electric vehicle was the Electrobat. It was manufactured by Philadelphia-based Morris and Salom Company. In 1896, the Woods Motor Vehicle Company of Chicago became the first American manufacturer of electric cars.
The Electrobat was one of several electric cars, which competed in a race sponsored by Illinois publisher H.H. Kohlsaat. He had challenged inventors to come up with a car that could travel the distance from Chicago to Evanston and back (58 miles). Electric cars and gas cars competed against each other in this competition. Although none of the cars performed in an especially notable manner, the electric cars failed miserably. It seemed that the slushy country roads generated a great deal of friction, which drained the strength of the batteries quickly.
Shortly after the Kohlsaat race, Thomas Edison said he believed gasoline, not electricity, would provide the dominant power source for the automobile of the future. "As it looks at the present," he said, "it would seem more likely that (the cars) will be run by a gasoline or naphtha motor of some kind. It is quite possible. However, that an electric storage battery will be discovered which will prove more economical, but at the present the gasoline or naphtha motor looks more promising. It is only a question of a short time carriages and trucks in every large city will be run on motors." Thomas Edison seemed to predict the future.
Even so, in 1904 one-third of all the cars in New York City, Chicago, and Boston were electrically powered. By 1912, there were 20,000 electric cars and 10,000 electric busses and trucks were on the road in the United States. Only a handful of manufactures, notably Baker and Detroit Electric, made it into the 1930's. Former President Woodrow Wilson owned one of the most elegant cars of the period, a 1918 Milburn Electric.
In the 1960's and 1970's a handful of electric car manufactures started to reappear because of the increasing concern about air pollution and a depleting supplies of petroleum. In the late 1970's and 1980's, manufactures started developing electric cars called hybrids. These cars have all the components of the electric cars plus an internal-combustion engine. In...

Find Another Essay On The History and Benefits of Electric Cars

History of the Electric Vehicle Essay

1600 words - 6 pages History of the Electric Vehicle The History of Development: In general the automobile was invented to transport people. Horses were the main mode of transportation and a self powered vehicle seemed to offer many benefits. We have looked at the automobile history and seen how this innovation occurred. The United States in the 19th century had been developing a very successful metal-working industry, which included firearms, sewing

Benefits of Hybrid Cars Essay

1426 words - 6 pages Benefits of Hybrid Cars Transportation is very important to our every day lives. Throughout the history, many evolutions and changes have been made in transportation technology, and it continues growing at a rapid pace. At first, people used horses and horse trailers as their main transportation. Then in the Industrial Revolution, the steam engine was invented. Later, there was the invention of the combustion engine, and it is the

The History Of The Electric Guitar

736 words - 3 pages The History of the Electric Guitar Before there was the electric guitar, obviously there was the acoustic guitar, a late 16th century invention that is said to have been conjured up in Spain, a country that had made use of guitar-like string instruments as early as the 10th century. Over the next several centuries, the guitar evolved into a much more efficient instrument. The first guitars had only four strings. As the years passed, fifth and

The History of Diesel Electric Locomotives

1278 words - 5 pages 1MillerThe History of Diesel Electric LocomotivesOne of the problems in the passenger train industry was the complaints from luxury cars who felt as if the tour was through a coal mine. Imagine a romantic ride on a steam train with a woman who wore a beautiful dress, that now is covered in cinders and ash; this is one of the disadvantages of steam locomotives (steam 171). Electric locomotives begin to replace steam-powered trains around 1900

History Of Cars

806 words - 3 pages .If you're shopping for a vehicle, choosing whether to go with a new model or a used one probably ranks as the biggest questions you'll have to answer. The decision to buy new or used boils down to what you can afford and your state of mind.If you're on a tight budget, then buying a used car gets you the most vehicle for the least amount of money. You can count on one hand the number of new cars that list for under $10,000. That buys you a tiny

Fossil Fueled Cars Are History- paper about the decline of fossil fueled cars.

1095 words - 4 pages percent of all cars sold in the state to be pollution-free by 2003.Mention green cars, and most people think of some battery-powered buggy that the average driver wouldn't be caught dead in. Electric cars have been around for a while, but never caught on. Their problem: batteries aren't very powerful, so the car's speed, range, and weight remain strictly limited. The typical result is Ford's new TH!NK, already on the market in Scandinavia and about

History of the Electric Drill- From Corded to Cordless.

566 words - 2 pages drill could perform all the tasks of an ordinary drill but with much greater efficiency. Then in 1895, German, Wilhelm Fein invented the first cordless (DC) electric drill. A cordless electric drill is a type of electric drill which uses rechargeable batteries, i.e. direct current (DC). Fein’s drill could spin a 1200 rpm (revolutions per minute) and relied on the user to press against the back of the drill in order to achieve good leverage

The Pros and Cons of Hybrid Cars

865 words - 3 pages purchasing one. Hybrid cars are very different from gasoline cars. Gasoline cars run purely off just gasoline which pollutes the air. A hybrid car can run off gasoline and work as an electric car. Using both of these systems, gasoline powered and electric powered, will help decrease the pollution in the air. The reason more people have gasoline powered cars rather than electric powered cars is that people find having to “charge” your car an inconvenience

I wrote an essay on electric cars and how we should start adopting them.

887 words - 4 pages American only drives about 90 miles per day. Electric cars are said to have a whopping fuel economy of 188 mpg, and are rated as one of the most efficient type of vehicles on the road. They do not waste power when your car is not moving or stuck at a red light , unlike gasoline cars that constantly burn gas. They are only operated when necessary, which saves you power and money! Some have realized the benefits of E.V.'s and how huge they are! Such

The History and Benefits of Physical Education, and Why I Want to be a PE Teacher

1208 words - 5 pages Ever since kindergarten, I have always been interested in physical education. Physical education (P.E) has always been my favorite class in school because that it has to do with physical exercise and being physically fit. The purpose of this research is to first define physical education. Then, I will explore the history of P.E. In the following section, I will compare and contrast the PE curriculum from past to present. Next, a

Electric Charge and the Electrical Structure of Matter

1656 words - 7 pages 15.1 Electric Charge and the Electrical Structure of MatterFundamental Law of Electric Charge:Opposite electric charges attract each other. Similar electric charges repel each other.A Simple Model of the Structure of Matter1. All matter is composed of sub-microscopic particles, called atoms.2. Electric charges are carried by particles within each atom that are called electrons and protons.3. Protons are found in a small central region of the

Similar Essays

The Benefits Of Hybrid Cars Essay

1596 words - 6 pages , but whether consumers should invest in buying one. Many people know about hybrid cars, but just as many people don’t know exactly how they work. Due to this reason, they find no interest in buying one. Hybrid cars are extremely different from cars that are powered only by gasoline. These cars that run off of gasoline produce more pollution which is affecting the environment in a negative way. A gasoline-electric car, which uses both gasoline and

The Benefits Of Hydrogen Cars Essay

688 words - 3 pages The Advantages of Hydrogen Cars As you know, gas prices are going up. Nobody likes paying more money for gas and yet nobody is willing to do anything about it. Now that we are at war with the Middle East (the main gasoline providers) the gas prices are going to keep going up. Some people (like foreign ambassadors) say that trade with the Middle East is good for there economy, but I for one don’t like being dependant on foreign oil. That is

Electric Cars Pros And Cons Essay

2568 words - 10 pages potential injuries in the event of an accident. They also have an anti-lock braking system and the torque vectoring system. These are all marking another successful step into making safer electric vehicles. Anyone can observe that electric vehicles are a wise choice and are much safer for the public health. Works Cited Abdul-Matin, Ibrahim. "Are Electric Cars Really That Green?" PCMAG. N.p., 11 June 2013. Web. 29 Apr. 2014. "Benefits

Electric Cars And Air Pollution Essay

8281 words - 33 pages proportions of vehicle composition. Therefore, an increase in electric vehicle production means that aluminum and plastic production will also increase. Hence, how will increased production of aluminum and plastic impact the environment? Furthermore, will an increase in production of these materials offset the benefits gained from the zero emissions of electric cars? The production of aluminum vehicle components is a multistep process that