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The History And Future Of The Mexican American Culture.

1243 words - 5 pages

A. IntroductionB. Cultural Background1. about the land2. about the economyC. Purpose of Migration1. reasons of migration2. places migrated toD. History of Migration1. labor shortages2. anti-Mexican attitudesE. Problems and Restrictions1. negative effects2. positive effectsF. SummaryMexico is now concerned with the violation of human rights afterTexas Gov. Rick Perry asked for $9.7 million to increase security along theMexico-Texas border. Mexico understands that the fight against crime andviolence along the border must be fought on both sides. But the UnitedStates has also been asked to allow more legal migration and respect therights of Mexicans north of the border.Mexico has an immense wealth of mineral resources, a small amountof agricultural land, and a rapidly growing population. More than half of thepeople live in the central regions of the country, while vast areas of theparched north and the tropical south are somewhat settled. The long-heldstereotype of Mexico as a country where life is slow-paced and thepopulation consists of mostly farmers has little truth. Petroleum andtourism have come to dominate the economy, and industrialization isincreasing in many parts of the country.The migration from Mexico to the United States was because of theloss of almost half of Mexico's territory as a result of the Treaty ofGuadalupe Hidalgo which ended the Mexican-American War in 1848. Thisincluded the states of California, Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona. Thisarea became the region with the largest number of immigrants from Mexicobecause of the need for labor by ranches and farms both owned byMexican and American families. Between 1910 and 1920, at least 219,000Mexican immigrants entered the United States, doubling the Hispanicpopulation in Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas, and quadruplingCalifornia's. By 1930, the 100,000 Mexicans and Mexican Americans wholived in Los Angeles comprised the largest Mexican American population.During the depression, unemployment reduced immigration to less thanthirty-three thousand. Then a demand for Mexican American labor resumedduring World War II. In 1942, the United States and Mexico introduced theBracero Program, which allowed Mexican contract laborers to work in theUnited States in seasonal agriculture and other sectors of the economy.However, following the war, the United States once again tried to forcethose who did not have citizenship to leave. Until 1970, the migration fromMexico was largely a complete migration: workers would come north tolook for work between harvests and plantings, and then return home. Since1970, more migrants have been permanently settling in the country,because of an immigration policy which keeps them from moving back andforth and because of opportunities in the United States.The history of Mexican migration to the United States involveschanges between periods of labor shortages, when employers recruitedcheap Mexican labor, and periods of severe anti-Mexican attitudes, whenmany Mexicans...

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