This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The History And Spread Of Islam

2259 words - 9 pages

Islam’s present day relevance is due to it being one of the world’s most talked about religions. It is also one of the largest religions in the world. Islam has followers in all areas of the globe. (Zissis, 2007) Islam first began spreading in 610 CE and has not stopped. Today, India’s population includes approximately 150 million Muslims and Islam has contributed greatly to the area and its people. (Kennedy, 2007) The spread of Islam is vast and instead of focusing on the entire realm of Islam’s range, I will put an emphasis on the Mughal Dynasty and it’s impact on the spread of Islam.
The Religion of Islam views Muhammad as the last prophet. He proclaimed revelations that he understood to be from God. Muhammad believed that Gabriel was sent by God to deliver these revelations. His companions recorded those revelations and they are known as the Qur’an. After receiving the revelations, Muhammad shared the Qur’an with the people of Mecca. Muhammad tried to persuade people to abandon their polytheistic religions. (Hussain) Polytheism is a religion in which you worship multiple Gods. The local Meccan powers did not appreciate this and Muhammad and his early followers were persecuted. (Mazhar-ul)
While Muhammad was successful at converting people to Islam, they were often people of the lowest class or slaves. After more than a decade of prosecution and harassment from the Meccans, many Muslims emigrated to Medina. This is where Muhammad established political and religious authority over his old and new followers. A Constitution of Medina was devised and it brought all the groups into one massive society. The formulated statement set up security, certain freedoms, Medina’s sacredness, a tax system and a judicial system. In 629, Muhammad took over Mecca and when he died in 632, he had brought all of the tribes of Arabia together. (Buhl) While Muhammad was alive, the question of who was in control was never in question. However, after his death people were more uncertain. Abu Bakr was made the first caliph and he helped expand Islam.
Islam has been spreading slowly since the early 7th century. It started to spread directly from Muhammad via his preaching and sharing of his beliefs. Islam spread to Syria, Palestine, Lebanon, Iraq as well as Egypt quickly after Muhammad’s death. Then Islam spread to North Africa as well as Turkey. (Page, 2001) Islam’s beliefs are based on the five pillars. If one is to truly become part of the Islam religion, they must fulfill all five of the pillars prior their death. The five pillars of Islam are Shahadah, Salat, Zakat, Sawm and Hajj. These pillars consist of sincerely reciting the Muslim profession of faith, performing ritual prayers, paying a tax for the poor, fasting and a having a pilgrimage to Mecca. (bbc.co.uk, 2009)
The continual spread of Islam was done either by its empires spread or by willing conversion. By sword does not reference directly to individually forcing each person to convert. It is more...

Find Another Essay On The History and Spread of Islam

Spread of Islam in India Essay

1869 words - 7 pages Islam in early period of India even though India was populated with indigenous religious beliefs. Islam is a monotheistic religion that was spread with bunch of beliefs and faiths after the Prophet Mohammad. In order to that the colonization of Muslims initiated in India was the key place from where Islam was started its expansion version to remaining places of South Asia.Beyondpersuasion and forced conversion, the main factors that influenced in

The spread and localization of Buddhism and Islam into Southeast Asia

680 words - 3 pages The spread of religion first began through contact with neighbouring countries which gradually expand throughout the years. Buddhism and Islam are one of the most widespread religions across Southeast Asian countries like Burma, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Thailand and Vietnam. Trade merchants and imperial support of the religion played as major factors which facilitated and localised the spread of Buddhism and Islam within various

How Trade in West Africa Encouraged The Spread of Islam

1225 words - 5 pages HOW TRADE IN WEST AFRICA ENCOURAGED THE SPREAD OF ISLAM Islam, a monotheistic and spiritually based religion which refers to the act of giving great reverence to the Supreme Being, “submission to God” was found in the Saudi Arabian countries by the Prophet Muhammad in 610 C.E.1 The religion which was renowned for its triumph, patent power with an open set of beliefs about the Dos and the DONTs so as to gain access to heaven spread

Spread of Islam via Sokoto Caliphate

770 words - 4 pages declared by Usman dan Fodio and initially directed by his kinsmen, Sokoto in Nigeria had such an effect in the spread of Muslim influence in Sub-Sahara Africa; whereas in the prior centuries Islam was proliferated without as much blood shed in the most northern reaches of the Sahara. Usman dan Fodio, a son of a Fulani teacher having studied with variety of shaykhs or teachers in the Arabic introduced a new system of ruling in what -became the Sokoto

Spread of Islam to North Africa

711 words - 3 pages soon realized they would need to spread if they wish to keep their religion alive. Islam was spread to North Africa as a result of conquest over African tribes, missionary efforts by the Muslim people, and traders spreading the religion by ear. At first the amount of people that supported the Muslim religion wasn’t very large but soon after the religion started they had a very large military. Based on the geographical location of the Arabian

American Feelings Toward Arabs/Islam: Reaction Of Historical Conflicts Through The Spread Of Stereotypical Views

2293 words - 9 pages that they are "evil." A number of movies that contain some sort of reference to Islam have usually used stereotypes in order to bring their plot together, as you will soon see. American government's actions in history along with media portrayals of Arabs and Islam have made the reactions to 9/11 significantly worse than it already was.One real question that many have asked is "Where have these stereotypes and feelings of hatred towards Arabs and

What Factors Allowed the Spread of Islam in Arabia Peninsula In pas

1604 words - 7 pages or do something and societies were patriarchal. Slavery and serfdom were also common. When Muhammad rose as prophet, he changed many things. He removed slavery and serfdom, united the tribes and raised the status of women (Hitti P30). At the time of Mohammad Islam spread entire the Arabia peninsula. The most important things that allowed the spread of Islam in Arabia peninsula were unique teaching, religious law, trade (route), battle and

What factors allowed the spread of Islam in Arabia Peninsula in Postclassical period?

806 words - 4 pages . Women didn’t have any right to decide or do something and societies were patriarchal. Slavery and serfdom were also common. When Muhammad rose as prophet, he changed many things. He removed slavery and serfdom, united the tribes and raised the status of women (Hitti P30). At the time of Mohammad Islam spread to the entire Arabian Peninsula. The most important things that allowed the spread of Islam in Arabian Peninsula were unique teachings

The History and Pillars of Islam

899 words - 4 pages since long time. Globally, it considers the second biggest religion and the most growing one among the other religions. As it has been motioned by Kobeisy (2004) “The number of Muslims in the world is approximately 1.2 billion, one-fifth of the world population” p.11. The importance of Islam lies behind the strong influence in the lives of contemporary Muslim. In this essay, the light will be shot on the strength of the Islamic history. Also, some

"The history of Islam"

841 words - 3 pages required to pray, but as they turn 9 years old they must have to pray 5 times a day. In Quraan it says that Jesus did not tell his followers to worship him he told them to worship Allah as the Quraan states and this is our belief.In conclusion, this book goes into detail in describing the history of Islam and what Islam exactly is. The book describes how Islam became not just only a religion, but also a way of life for people. Islam has spread around

The History of Islam

1020 words - 5 pages many Arabian tribes. 2) Qur’an- The Qur’an is the holy book of Islam. It contains parts of the Christian Bible and the Jewish Torah. The Qur’an was originally written in Arabic and is still memorized today in Arabic. The Qur’an is believed to be a sacred guide for all human kind and contains the Five Pillars of Islam which Muslims must do throughout their lifetime. 3) Five Pillars of Islam- The Five Pillars of Islam are five important actions that

Similar Essays

The Spread Of Islam Essay

1902 words - 8 pages 384).The death of Muhammed was not the end of Islam, but it rather dramatically gain momentum through his successors, the Caliphs. The early Caliphs were able to fortify Muslim rule in Arabia and launch further conquests with the combination of three important factors: unification, conquest, and religious devotion. The initial spread of Islam was so rapid that, as H.U. Rahman, the author of Chronology of Islamic History points out, “in less than

The Spread Of Christianity And Islam

1373 words - 5 pages two of the largest and most historically important religions on earth--Christianity and Islam--also emerged and spread from the Middle East. As they expanded from this region, both of these religions had substantial impact on the course of history. Both of them also made considerable progress during their first 200 years of expansion. However, during the first two centuries of the existence of each religion there were fundamental differences

The Spread Of The Arab Empire And Islam

906 words - 4 pages drove this great expansion. The idea is that of forcefully converting nonbelievers through raids, or, razzias. This is how the Muslim Empire spread. Islam encouraged people to raid and conquer tribes of nonbelievers to convert them in the name of God. What started out as a religious expansion soon became closely associated with the political aspect of the Arabic empire. After a tribe or area was converted the Muslim empire assumed control of

The Spread Of Islam In Arabia

2084 words - 8 pages , religious devotion, and conquest. The initial spread of Islam was so rapid that, as H.U. Rahman, the author of Chronology of Islamic History points out, “in less than one century after death of the Prophet Muhammad in 632 AD, Muslim rule covered more of the earth than had the Roman Empire at its peak”(7). The unification did not happen overnight, it happened because the Islamic rulers always had much division to deal with. The first Caliph, Abu