Most people know Aspirin as a pill to take when they have a headache or some other ailment. There’s much more to Aspirin than most people know about. This report will explain the chemical properties of Aspirin as well as what the uses are, the history of the chemical, and the discovery of the molecule.
Aspirin is also known as Acetylsalicylic acid. It is composed of nine Carbon atoms, eight Hydrogen atoms, and four Oxygen atoms. There are many chemical properties to it. The melting point of aspirin is about one hundred and thirty-five degrees Celsius and the boiling point is one hundred and forty degrees Celsius. It has a density of 1.35 grams per milliliter and the molar mass is 180,160 g/mol (1). This means that the molecule is relatively dense. There is more weight than there is volume. Aspirin is described as odorless and colorless to where the color is white. It looks like a crystal-line powder at room temperature. It is a relatively stable molecule that should be stored at room temperature (2).
Aspirin is 3.3 g/L soluble in water (3). Aspirin can be soluble in ethanol, DMSO, or water (2). Aspirin has polar groups that when put with polar water molecules can form hydrogen bonds. Aspirin is an asymmetrical molecule. When drawing the Lewis Dot Structure, a person can see that the bonds are polar. There are also dipole moments making the molecule polar. Dipole molecules are composed of a higher electronegative atom pulling electrons towards it (11). It is more soluble in basic solutions than water and acidic solutions (4). The Lewis Structure also reveals that there are many double bonds between the carbons and two double bonds between oxygen and carbon.
Aspirin is most known as a pill to take to get rid of a headache or other pain. Aspirin treats fevers and mild to moderate pain due to toothaches, the common cold, headaches, and muscle aches. It is an anti-inflammatory drug. It blocks a certain substance in the body to reduce swelling. People who take an aspirin pill may experience an upset stomach and heartburn. Other symptoms that can occur include bleeding from the stomach or other areas of the body. Allergic reactions of this drug can occur but is very rare (5). It is advised to drink a full 8 ounces of water with 1 uncrushed pill. If the pill was crushed, more stomach pains would occur. It is advised to take a pill of Aspirin after a person has had surgery because at low dosages it can be used as a blood thinner to prevent clots (5). Being a blood thinner, Aspirin is beneficial to those folks who have a high chance of stroke and heart attack because it prevents the blood clots that would make those medical conditions occur. It is also used to reduce the risk of stroke and death (6). People who have kidney disease, liver disease, diabetes, stomach problems, or are pregnant are recommended to talk to their doctors before taking the pill (5).
There are also other uses to Aspirin other...