This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The History Of Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome

1045 words - 5 pages

The history of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and its underlying cause, infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), is not one story, but many. Every victim of AIDS has different health problems, personal struggles, and losses. In the early 1980s, when the first AIDS cases attracted the attention of doctors and scientists, no treatment was known. Victims who wrote about their lives described growing more and more seriously ill, watching sick friends die, and waiting to die themselves. As research moved ahead and the cause of HIV/AIDS was finally understood, medicines were developed that delayed disability, prolonged life, and decreased the spread of HIV. A positive ...view middle of the document...

The number of AIDS deaths is also declining, with 1.6 million deaths in 2012, down from 2.3 million in 2005.

Understanding AIDS

According to the World Health Organization, there were 35.3 million adults and children around the world living with HIV at the end of 2012 (the last year for which data is available). The most affected region is sub-Saharan Africa, where nearly 1 in every 20 adults is living with HIV. Sadly, more people become infected with the virus each year, and others who were already infected die from AIDS. However, the number of new infections have fallen since 1999, the year in which it is thought that the AIDS epidemic peaked. The decline reflects the increased availability of antiretroviral therapy, as well as care and support, to people living with HIV, particularly in middle- and low-income countries. Among young people, HIV/AIDS remains a major public health issue. WHO estimates that 3.4 million children were living with HIV at the end of 2011 (the most recent year for which data is available). Ninety-one percent of those children live in sub-Saharan Africa. Most children contract the virus from an HIV-infected mother during pregnancy, birth, or breastfeeding. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that more than 1.1 million people aged 13 years and older are living with HIV in the United States, with almost 1 in 6 (15.8 percent) unaware that they are infected. Young people aged 13–24 accounted for 26 percent of all new HIV infections in the United States in 2010 (the most recent year for which data is available). Most disturbingly, almost 60 percent of youth are unaware they are infected. (This is largely because of the low rate of HIV testing; for instance, only 13 percent of American high school students have been tested for HIV.) The Public Health Agency of Canada estimates there were approximately 71,300 people living with HIV (including AIDS) and 3,175 new infections in Canada in 2011 (the most recent year for which data is available). Twenty-five percent were unaware that they were infected due to lack of testing or...

Find Another Essay On The History of Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome

History of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome

5232 words - 21 pages History of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS), specific group of diseases or conditions that result from suppression of the immune system, related to infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). A person infected with HIV gradually loses immune function along with certain immune cells called CD4 T-lymphocytes or CD4 T-cells, causing the infected person to become vulnerable to pneumonia

The Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome Essay

2480 words - 10 pages Egyptian Mathematical Society Murray J. (1990). Mathematical Biology, Berlin: Springer. Novak M. (1999). The mathematical biology of human infections:Conservation Ecol. 3. Novak M. and Bangham C. R. M. (1996). Population dynamics of immune responses to persistene viruses. Science 272. Peterman T.,DrotmanD. P. and CurranJ. W. (1985). Epidemiology of the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome AIDS. Epidemiol. Rev. 7, 7–21. Rosana Motta Jafelice

The AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) Virus

1214 words - 5 pages A.I.D.S. is the short for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. AIDS is a specific group of diseases that result for suppression of the immune system. There is no true cure for the AIDS virus. Today, scientist are trying very hard to find a cure for the AIDS virus, but have successfully slowed down the process of the cause of AIDS called HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus).AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) is a specific group of diseases

History of Down's Syndrome

1320 words - 5 pages Down’s Syndrome is named after John Langdon Down, a British doctor who first studied and described the mental disorder. He discovered the disorder in Surrey, England while working at an asylum for children with mental retardation. He called people with this disorder Mongoloids because of the physical similarities of citizens from Mongolia compared to those affected by Down’s Syndrome. Later, the term “Mongoloid” was dropped and named after John

The Effects of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus

702 words - 3 pages Human immunodeficiency virus, or HIV, compromises an individual’s immune system, allowing for easier destruction of the human body by simple bacteria and viruses, eventually causing Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, or AIDS. It effectively causes the human body to fight itself, and it is therefore one of the most debilitating diseases known to man. 6,300 people worldwide die of HIV/AIDS complications every day. That means that in the 30

Symptoms of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus

1717 words - 7 pages symptoms. From the 1980’s to present day, doctors expanded their knowledge on this epidemic and hope to treat AIDS patents. In the early 1980’s, A number of gay men in New York and San Francisco suddenly began to develop rare intestinal tract infections and cancers that seemed stubbornly resistant to any treatment. It became obvious that all the men were suffering from a common syndrome later named acquired immuno-deficiency syndrome (AIDS). The

The Pathogenesis of Human Immunodeficiency Virus

2012 words - 9 pages The human immunodeficiency virus, known more commonly as HIV or by the syndrome it ultimately leads to the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome or AIDs, is caused by a RNA retrovirus.1 Morphologically, the virus appears spherical in shape and is enveloped made from two layers – both being primarily built using lipids taken from host cell membranes.2 Specifically, human cell membranes are taken up by the virus as it buds from the host cell2 after

A General Overview of The Human Immunodeficiency Virus

2113 words - 8 pages 1. INTRODUCTION The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) forms part of the genus Lentivirus, which itself forms part of the family Retroviridae. The virus is the cause of the disease called Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), which primarily results in a decline in the hosts immune system, making the host susceptible to life-threatening infections and diseases. HIV may be sub-divided into two separate types namely, HIV-1 and HIV-2. The

This is an Essay about the history, hardships, and chemical properties of turner's syndrome

524 words - 2 pages Turner SyndromeTurner Syndrome is an interesting genetic disorder that solitarily affects women. While my time spent on researching this topic provided me with interest and knowledge, I also found myself enwrapped in the everyday struggles of a girl with Turner Syndrome. Turner Syndrome is a life crippling disorder that affects a girl's body along with her self esteem. Although more and more treatments for this disorder are being developed, each

The Effects of Down Syndrome

1321 words - 6 pages Down Syndrome: Critically analyze the effects of Down syndrome on people and the support that is available Introduction: An individual who has Down syndrome can be recognized as different from others since he or she have different physical features, but the question is, what causes individuals to have deformed face, little different features than someone who does not have Down syndrome? The reason some individuals are born with Down syndrome

The Diagnosis of Wolfram Syndrome

2524 words - 10 pages ) Genetic testing is desirable in the cases where diagnosis of inherited optic neuropathies becomes difficult. However, the case fulfilled the diagnostic criteria for Wolfram syndrome and lack of facilities precluded genetic testing. The patient’s history findings and features were consistent with the diagnosis of Wolfram syndrome with three features. DM, Optic atrophy and Deafness The patient’s parents were educated about the features, prognosis and

Similar Essays

History Of Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (Aids)

799 words - 4 pages Introduction Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) made its first appearance in 1981. Two years later, in 1983, HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) was found to be the cause of the syndrome and after that commenced an immense search towards finding appropriate therapy for this fatal disease. The first drug that was apporoved and licensed by FDA was the former created 3’-azido-2’,3’-dideoxythymidine (also called zidovudine, or AZT) after

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, Aids Essay

2386 words - 10 pages HIV stands for human immunodeficiency virus and is the virus that can lead to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, or AIDS. HIV is unlike other viruses in the sense that the human body cannot get rid of HIV, in other words, once you have HIV you have it for life. There are two types of the HIV virus, HIV-1 and HIV-2. AIDS was first recognized in 1981, but the causative virus was not identified until 1983 when a reverse transcriptase containing

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (Aids) Essay

4866 words - 19 pages 1.0 IntroductionThe topic for this paper is Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), as it fits in well with all of the subjects being studied this semester. The nature of the disease lends itself perfectly to MD3002, Infection, Inflammation and Immunity, so this will be the major focus. How the virus infects the immune system, and the ways this affects the rest of the body will be outlined in detail. Minor focuses will be on MD3003 Clinical

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome Essay

2154 words - 9 pages increasingly acute and there is a slow decline of helper T cells. Consequently, the number of helper T cells in the body (termed the CD4 count) is generally utilized to measure the advance of the virus. A CD4 count of less than approximately 200 cells per microliter of blood may be accompanied by a variety of opportunistic infections and is considered the final stage of infection. Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome more commonly known as AIDS is the final