The History Of Bicycles And Cycling

2129 words - 9 pages

Anthony Tonaus
Miss. Deal, Mrs. White
Senior HOUSE
11 March 2014
History of Cycling
Once the first bicycles were made, people wanted to know how fast they could go. In 1817, a German named Baron Carl von Drais made one of the first bicycle called the running machine. This machine allowed people to move around with a faster speed and an increased range. This crud bicycle was two wagon wheels connected by a wooden plank and had no pedals. At the time only men could use this undeveloped bicycle.
The first road cycling race was 31, 1868 at the Prarc de Saint-Cloud in paris were the first bicycles that people wanted to really test how fast they could go using bicycles. This race was 1.2 kilometers or .7 of a mile. Seemingly short race, these slightly advanced bicycles were made of wood and iron tires. These athletes were still and very daring for cycling because these bikes were very dangerous. If the cyclist crashed he would be slung from the bike and because of no safety gear there would be serious injury.

Though history bicycles evolved with better part designs and more safe. In 1863 the bone shaker or velocipede was born. It was a primitive peddle that would improve the front wheel of the bike with direct drive, fixed gear, or one speed. In 1876 Browett and Harrison (Englishmen) patent an early caliper brake so bikes were more safe. Scott and Phillott (Englishmen) made the first bike that changed gears in 1878. Over time these corrections made the bike a saver and easier to ride. Later this would turn to something bigger in cycling history. This was possible thanks to Tullio Campagnolo introducing the cable-operated, parallelogram derailleur in the 1950s which made bike racing possible. Cycling has gone way back and has started many different competitions and rides.
Later cycling turned into a very competitive racing such as multi-stages, one day races, centenary rides, and charity rides. One of the most popular and well knew multi-stage event is the Tor De France. It was in the early 20thcentury France began a race, almost 1500-km-long cycle race across the country. Géo Lefèvre, a journalist with L’Auto magazine inspired the race to increase paper sales for there magazine. The Tor De France started on 1st of July in 1903, 6 stages which covered 471 km. Out of the sixty pioneers, a french guy named Hinault (nicknamed the badger) won the first year on the Tour De France. Later in 1905 there was twenty-one stages over 2,500 km long. The other well known multi-stage event is the Ironman. An Ironman is a triathlon set on a specific distance. Triathlon's were born in southern California in the mid-1970s, consisting of three events such as swimming, cycling, and running all together. Waikiki Swim Club, John Collins, a Naval Officer stationed in Hawai`i, and his wife Judy, combining the three toughest endurance races on the island into one race. This consist of a 2.4 mile swim, 112 mile cycle, and 26.2 mile run, all in...

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