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The History Of Haiti 1990 Present Essay

1046 words - 5 pages

In 1990, an event that was to be considered an historical and governmental milestone took place. Jean-Bertrand Aristide won in an election that was acknowledged to be “free and fair”. In this presidential election, Aristide won with 67 percent of the votes in his favor. His promise was to get rid of the ethnic, racial, and economic issues that were taking over the country, however nothing changed. Only a few months into his presidency, he was pushed out by a military coup because of his choices to restrict the military’s power. While all of this was happening, in 1991 and 1992, thousands and thousands of Haitian people were trying to escape to Florida by boats. U.S. Coast Guards were able to ...view middle of the document...

(The Bumpy)
In 2001 to 2004, during Aristide’s second time as president and saw nothing but political violence worsening. In 2004, rebels that were armed and dangerous began demanding for Aristide to be pushed out. Because he could not stop these rebels and his own life was at risk, he resigned from presidency and was taken out of the country by U.S. armed forces. Boniface Alexandre took his place. Because of the crisis, troops were made from the U.S., Canada, and chili to go to Haiti and help restore things back to normal like food and medical supplies. (History)
Looking at Haiti’s economy during this time period, it is extremely damaged. Farming is a main economic activity for Haiti. Some of their crops include rice, sugarcane, yams, corn, and plantains. There are usually only small areas of land available for Haitians to produce crops. The large amount of people compared to the small amount of crops being produced is a huge factor to the poverty Haitians were experiencing during the 1990s and early 2000s. It was also due to the government not being able to meet aid conditions. (Haiti Economy)
Another thing that effected Haiti’s economy drastically was the devastating event of the earthquake in 2010. This earthquake was measured a 7.0 on the Richter scale. It killed 230,000 to 316,000 people and 1.5 million people were not found. It injured 300,000 people. This earthquake caused a significant amount of damage, damage that Haiti could not afford. (Haiti Earthquake)
Religion during this time was a major importance to Haitians as well. In 2003, although it was controversial, Aristide made Voodoo an official religion of the country. Most Haitians are Roman Catholic, but most also show Voodoo beliefs. Missionaries came to Haiti in the 20th and 21st centuries to protest. (Religion)
Today, Haiti still suffers from the drastic effects of the earthquake four years ago. It still looks much like it did when it hit. Buildings are gone, camps are gone, and streets consist of women selling...

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