The History Of Monkey King Essay

1796 words - 7 pages

Monkey King, also known as Sun Wukong, which is a main character in the Chinese classical novel Journey to the West. Monkey King can be found in many stories and adaptions. The novel Journey to the West or Monkey King tells of a simian’s revolt against Heaven, of its defeat by the Buddha, and of its later being recruited as pilgrim to protect the monk Tripitaka on its quest for scriptures in India (Lai, 1994). So far, Monkey King has become one of the most enduring Chinese literary characters, it has a colorful cultural history and varied background. Monkey King is also considered by some scholars to be influenced by both the Hindu deity Hanuman from the Ramayana and elements of Chinese folklore (Subbaraman, 2002). The original Chinese novel Journey to the West is one of the Four Great Classical Novels of Chinese literature. It published in the 16th century during the Ming Dynasty and attributed to Wu Cheng’en (Babara S, 1994). The achievement of the novel has drawn widespread attention, various reasons support its popularity. This easy will analyse the varied background, cultural history, social environment of Monkey King, the novel Journey to the West and its author Wu Cheng’en. Furthermore why this novel for many years by the world's attention. It is obvious that the historical reasons of this extraordinary achievement are diverse.

Monkey King is one of the most widely known Chinese novel character. The story of the Monkey King is made up of two independent parts in the novel. As the novel begins, Monkey King is born from a magic stone and known as the stone monkey. It joined the other monkeys who dared everyone to enter a cave that said to the way to the heaven. But the stone monkey was the only one to do so, all the other monkeys declared it “King”. And it got an official name that is Monkey King. As time went on, Monkey King is afraid that it would die soon, so it began a quest. Monkey King is on its journal to learn special skills, and taught to other monkeys after it got back.
Monkey King is extremely fast, able to travel 54,000 kilometers in one flip flop. It also has possession of an immense amount of strength; it is able to lift his 7,960 kilograms staff with ease. Monkey king can do 72 transformations, which allow it to transform into various objects; Monkey King also has shortage. However, it is troubled in transforming into other forms, due to the accompanying lacking transformation of its tail. Monkey King is a skilled fighter, skillful of holding itself against the best fighters of heaven. Not only that, each of its hairs possess magical things, talented of being transformed into clones of the Monkey King itself, and/or into various animals, weapons, and other objects. It also knows curses that can command water, wind, conjure protective circles against freeze monsters and gods (Chen’en, 1500).

With the time goes on, Monkey King went through many phases of greed, it always see things on the other side. Its continuous seeking for...

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