The History Of National Aeronautics And Space Administration (Nasa)

663 words - 3 pages

NASA stands for National Aeronautics and Space Administration. NASA is a United States government agency that is responsible for science and technology related to air space. Space age started in 1957 with the launch of the Soviet satellite Sputnik and NASA was created in 1958. NASA was created to oversee U.S. space exploration and aeronautics research. NASA’s purpose today is to reach for new heights and reveal the unknown so that what we do and learn will benefit all humankind. NASA mainly sends astronauts to orbit conduct scientific research, and many other things help scientists today better understand space. Satellites help scientists learn more about Earth and pace probes study the solar system and beyond that. Today NASA is working on a program to send humans to the Mars and way beyond that. Some of NASA’s facilities are IV and V facility, Michoud Assembly Facility, Wallops Flight Facility, and White Sands Test Facility.
President Dwight D. Eisenhower was the founder of NASA and he also established it. After the Soviet Union’s launch of the first artificial satellite in response a year later NASA was created. NASA grew out of NACA (National Advisory Committee on Aeronautics) which was researching technology for more than 40 years. President John F. Kennedy gave NASA a mission of sending astronauts to the moon by the end of 1960s. Through Mercury and Gemini projects NASA developed the technology and skills it needed to complete the mission of sending an astronaut to the moon. On July 20, 1969 NASA met John Kennedy challenge, Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin became the first of 12 men to walk on the moon. After Apollo NASA focused on creating a reusable ship to provide regular access to space, this was called the space shuttle. The space shuttle was first launched in 1981; it flew more than 130 successful missions before being retired in 2011. Throughout its history NASA has conducted or funded research that has led to numerous improvements to life here on Earth.
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