The United States was a new nation in the 18th century when most of the world was divided among the European imperialist governments. Looking right of religion, technology and military power, people from these nations began to claim the land and lock up new worlds of natural resources to meet their needs, that is why some decided to immigrate to the United States seeking freedom and the opportunity for economical improvements; but this search for improvement, among other things, only brought suffering and death to Native American tribes.
In the United States, Indian groups were willing to live with the newcomers until relations were strained by the continuing immigration to its territory, loss of resources, diseases and among other. Certainly, there were cultural differences between Indians and newcomers, but at the beginning; diplomacy, communication and consideration made the relations between them more bearable, but after a while, native were faced with people who invaded their land; which was offered to the immigrants by the U.S. government, but not possessed; and enforce the laws enacted by their traditions and cultural practices. In the late 1800’s the U.S. Army declared war upon the tribes and began the elimination of those who resisted and tried to subjugate absolutely any survivors.
Federal policies adopted since 1787 to 1900 were responsible for the elimination of the vast majority of Indian people. The policies, taken together, indicate that the extermination of certain ethnic groups was not accidental, nor inevitable. On the contrary, they were the results of intentional decisions made by federal lawmakers to eliminate the so-called "Indian problem”. These policies were also responsible for the loss of the vast majority of indigenous land.
With the signing of a treaty, a trust relationship was created between the government and the Indian nation, which agreed to give the federal government all or part of its territory in exchange for representation of the best interests of the tribe, protect the safety and welfare of tribe members, and comply with their treaties obligations and commitments. The main purpose of the treaty, form the American perspective, was to remove the Indian threat to the peaceful westward expansion, and try to destroy its cultures, spiritual, economic, and political traditions by assimilating Native American into American life. The signing of these treaties and the adoption of policies and laws gradually declined sovereignty of indigenous nations.
In the 1830’s, Five Indians Nations lived in territories that many Americans thought it might be more profitable for breeding, however, Americans could not do anything, because these tribes had signed treaties with the federal government, which guaranteed them the right to live in their ancestral lands and maintain its sovereignty; and it is not surprising that these notions were not willing to give up their land and to negotiate...