'the History Of News Since The Nineteenth Century Has Been The History Of A Translation From Popular Defined As "For The People", To Popular As "For The Market"'

2744 words - 11 pages

'The history of news since the nineteenth century has been the history of a translation from popular defined as "for the people", to popular as "for the market"' (Hartley, 1982:130). Discuss with reference to examples from today's popular press.This essay will begin by defining the press as popular "for the people". Newspapers were once the bearers of education, in all it's shapes and forms, working for the benefit of the people. Now, the popular press, following in the traditional Sunday paper's footsteps they have become the conveyors of light, and often salacious, entertainment. This essay will continue by discussing the changing nature and role of the popular press, which was typically represented by small radical, liberal newspapers, prior to the nineteenth-Century. It will consider the decline in government controls and the subsequent growth of enterprise capitalism. It will show how technological and commercial change transformed the press to popular, as "for the market", and what this meant for the people.The emergence of a cheap daily press by commodification, which occurred in the late 1800's, led to an ever increasing reading public. The press's progressive change to a market commodity in the nineteenth-Century, led to the erosion of social and intellectual deference. The application of photography a further factor contributing to the radical alteration of the press and subsequent commercial development. (Marshall, 1983:11) As well as technological developments this essay will examine the effects of massive growth in advertising during this period, and more importantly advertising revenue. It will continue by seeking to explain the economic control driving the press. (Marshall, 1983:20) Finally this essay will strive to clarify, with examples and analysis of today's press, the dramatic changes brought about within the newspaper industry that have led to the mass medium " for the market" that we have today.During the early years of the nineteenth century the perceived role of the press as political educator still lingered. The people were still represented by many independent political newspapers. Papers such as the Poor Mans Guardian, published despite repressive laws. Organisation, ownership, production and distribution was carried out on a national scale, often in the face of serious disadvantage. Governments used newspaper stamp duty, taxes on paper and adverts, in an attempt to contain the radical press. Despite such measures the radical press continued successfully, many publications evading stamp duties with the help of a well organised and supportive underground press. (Curran 1997:13)By 1837 the clandestine radical press had all but vanished. Government strategies succeeding in destroying the desirability of attempting to publish unstamped papers. However the mainstream radical press consistently frustrated the governments attempts to obliterate them. Certainly they were not as strong, but papers such as the Twopenny Trash,...

Find Another Essay On 'The history of news since the nineteenth century has been the history of a translation from popular defined as "for the people", to popular as "for the market"'

Social Reformist and Market Liberal approaches may have been suitable for the social condition of the 20th Century, but 3rd Way welfare policies are more relevant to the 21st Century.

2925 words - 12 pages this. It destroyed millions of homes and forced people from the cities to flee to the countryside, bringing together people from different classes and backgrounds. It had been an intense and traumatic time for the entire nation but also a realisation that misfortune and tragedy were not restricted to the disadvantage alone. The task of re-building the state needed to take place at every level, as well as the re-building of lives:'Lives was

"The mystery of the missing kidneys" a story about the popular urban legend, bout people waking up in a bathtub, with their kidneys missing, with a sign next to them saying ring 911 or die

1844 words - 7 pages to hospital minus their kidneys! I figure that this is what has happened again. My name is John Jacobson and I moved to Atlantic Cove, a quiet coastal fishing town, 12 month ago from New York. I was a journalist for the Nor York Times but felt that I needed a change of scenery, as life was too hectic in the city of New York. I remember how one early morning, after I had only just moved in to my small, one bed roomed flat, I was sitting down

The ‘peopling’ process of Australia since 1788 has been dominated by a racist discourse. Is this a fair statement? Why/why not?

564 words - 2 pages established in 1901 to premised on racial exclusion .at the end of nineteenth century a social laboratory for Australia and new Zealand welfare also it was the white feminists sought equal citizenship to approach a public life .just as white women gained the federal vote in 1902 the aboriginals struggled as they were not counted in the national census until late 1950s could benefit from social right . World war one was galvanizing moment in

History of how relationships amongst people of different races has been scorned and looked down upon almost as being unlawful and unethical.

1213 words - 5 pages "Deep in us this fascination with the exotic other--" states Daniela Gioseffi in her poem The Exotic Enemy (476). Published in 1979, The Exotic Enemy refers to the issues that ignite relationships whether they be between different sexes or different races. This poem also explores the elements behind most interracial relationships, such as curiosity of another race. In the past, relationships amongst people of different races has been scorned and

Australian Migrants and their experiences in the 20th century- "Australia has not always been the lucky country for all its inhabitants in the twentieth century." Discuss

1033 words - 4 pages "Australia has not always been the lucky country for all its inhabitants in the twentieth century." - MIGRANTSDuring the twentieth century, migrants have faced many hardships and difficulties while trying to reside in Australia. They have primarily dealt with issues such as the 'White Australia Policy', which prevented them from migrating to Australia as they wished, as well as causing previous coloured migrant inhabitants to be forcibly

It is only since 1945 that any real progress has been made in advancing the rights and freedoms of Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders.

1253 words - 5 pages Essay Question: It is only since 1945 that any real progress has been made in advancing the rights and freedoms of Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders.The first real attempt to raise awareness of the lack of equality facing Indigenous Australians, was the Day of Mourning campaign of 1938. Indigenous activist and community members, walked a silent protest to the Australian Hall and this protest took place on Australia day. The Day

Popular News Publication and Academic Journal

1777 words - 7 pages this product was developed from the research discovery, but if the journalist failed to cite or acknowledge where the information taken from, it will contribute to the not trusted sources. That is why the popular news publication cannot be used as a source for academic references. This article also has two (2) pages long, includes the illustrations. The price of The Malaysian Women’s Weekly magazine is around RM5.60 per copy and published by ACP

Popular News Publication and Academic Journal

1942 words - 8 pages Academic journal is a periodical devoted to disseminating original research and commentary on current developments in a specific discipline, sub discipline, or field of study usually published in quarterly, bimonthly, or monthly issues sold by subscription (Reitz, 2007). Popular new publication are contrary from the academic journal even it also is one type of serials but it cover on current news or stories which written by the journalist or

'How has motherhood been socially constructed and experienced across the twentieth century?'

1610 words - 6 pages in second place to their role as a mother. It is still difficult for women living in a highly developed capitalist society to illustrate limits between public and private aspects of their lives and to disengage themselves from paid and unpaid work in facility positions.The idea the woman's first 'job' was to care her husband and a mother's to look after her child explains the prevalent marriage bars during the 1920s and 1930s in many occupations

Explain why voter turnout has been declining in the past half of the century and why voter turnout in presidential years is higher than that in midterm elections.

932 words - 4 pages good.The other major factor for the decline in voting is public "apathy". According to many people, we are faced with a situation where people just do not care, do not pay attention, are lazy, or do not find the political scene exciting enough. A variation of this explanation is that people see non-voters as simply interested in other things, giving political participation a low priority. Or perhaps it is because those choosing not to vote have not

Has popular culture turned marriage into a joke?

771 words - 3 pages patience, a family can grow and learn to love each other rejecting the media presentation of life.Marriage, in my opinion, has turned into a joke where popular culture is concerned, by publicizing reality TV show and stars’ crazy actions (like the fact that J. Lo has been married four times, and was engaged to be married a fifth). The public criticize the role of marriage today while allowing women to be viewed as sexual objects and men as

Similar Essays

A Paper On An Example Of Criminal Conduct Where The Alleged Perpetrator Has Been Identified As Reported By A Legitimate News Source.

542 words - 2 pages was afraid of losing that "security." Another probable drive for committing this crime might have been the simple fact that he thought that he could get away with it. He possibly felt hassled, and thought that he could outsmart the system, and come out as a winner. Money and greed sometimes get the best of people, and they end up thinking irrationally. He had many people working in his favor, so perhaps he assumed that he would not get

The Three Phases Of The Development Of West Indies Cricket Since The Late Nineteenth Century

1594 words - 6 pages The three phases of the development of West Indies cricket since the latenineteenth century.During the origination of cricket competitively in the nineteenth century, the distance and unreliable expenditure of inter-island transport caused Jamaican cricket to be closed off from the other islands. This resulted in more English touring teams than Caribbean teams and the mental effect of this also brought about disagreement over the assembly of

Overall, Has The Past Century Of Warfare Been Worth It?

772 words - 3 pages War has been defined as a period of fighting, where there are open acts of warfare and hostility present. It is a destructive, vicious, violent and senseless process, where in most cases many people lose there lives defending their country or fighting against another. Despite this, it has been present numerous times in the past century. World War I and II, the Korean War, Vietnams War, Desert Storm and the Gulf War are just some examples. It is

George Iii Of Britain: Popular With The People, But Not With Parliament

2212 words - 9 pages George III of Britain: Popular with the People, but not with Parliament Although history has labeled King George III of Britain primarily as the “mad” king responsible for the loss of America, a closer look at the 1780s, the heart of his reign, proves George III to be a particularly effective monarch rather than the bungling idiot some scholars have dubbed him. George III’s effectiveness, during the 1780s, stemmed from his immense