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The History Of Photography Essay

1122 words - 5 pages

Photography is the art or practice of taking and developing photographs, this process started in the early 1400s when pictures were taken only with pin hole openings in a dark area. They recorded by taking pictures with this method and the outcome was that the images were more clear. This was called camera obscura, when paper would be inserted into a dark box and afterwards the outlines would be traced by an artist. This was the first known element of a working camera.
A pinhole camera had a little hole that is placed in the front of the camera and covered by the shutters. The little hole replaces the lens of the camera and captures the picture on photo paper when placed inside. Pinhole cameras can be any size from small or large and can be made from most common household objects like peanut cans, cereal boxes, or cookie containers or they can be built out of wood or metals. The pictures you develop with pinhole cameras come out to be less sharp and softer than if you would use a regular camera. Pinhole cameras were the very first type of camera invented and ever since then has been helping inventors create new ways to make a camera more effective.
The first steps toward developing pictures started in the early 1800s, when experiments were done by taking light sensitive material and coat it on paper and attempt to create images. Daguerreotype image cleared up problems with preventing the pictures from fading. Although the image would remain permanent it was sometimes still lost to the cause of chemicals. Exposure time was cut greatly with a turn of events and the process was finished enough so that it could be used commonly and photo studios began to develop and people who wanted could get their photographs taken and people who could afford to do so once in a while could now do this. Photographers had portable dark rooms and equipment to develop pictures on the spot this started in the 1800s around the time of the civil war.
Chemicals were no longer needed on site, a dry developing process started in the 1870s called gelatin dry plate. Gelatin dry plates were more convenient for photographers because they were easier to use than wet plates and needed less exposure time. These absorbed light more quicker and reduced the need for tripods, and photographers could hire people to develop their shots. Another invention that assisted photographers is called the Magic lantern, these are like slide projectors we have now which were used for entertainment. These contain different functions like reflector, condenser, lens tube, body, base, and smoke stack. What lights up the magic lantern is the lamp which this works from mostly oil or gas. This works by reflecting light on the condensing lens and then causes the light to focus on the slide. To magnify the slide you would use the lens tube. Metal is the main source of the body and the projectors today use thin glass or plastic slides but these needed thick heavy material.
During this...

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