The History Of Photography. Essay

1450 words - 6 pages

Photography is a technological invention that has become the most universal means of communication and artistic expression that the world has known. It overcomes the differences of language. It can be specific and realistic, where music and related media can only be abstracted or general. In the form of motion pictures it can be used for television and the movies. As a form of visual art, it has as wide a range of unique expressive capabilities as painting, sketching and any other hand art. As a scientific tool, the precision in making visual records is beyond the capability of the human senses. The history of photography is a matter of technological growth and of simultaneous communicative growth (Encyclopedia of PracticalPhotography 1339-1340).The world first at large learned how to make photographs in 1839. In that year the Daguerreotype and the Collotype, general ways to make pictures were introduced to the public. Both were able to make pictures quickly, easily and with no skill or training. The inventor of the Daguerreotype was a French man named Louis Jacques Mande Dqguerre. The Daguerreotypes were literally mirror images. A silvered copper plate was buffed to bring a polish an then put over the tope of a box containing a few participles of iodine. The fumes from the iodine reacted with the silver on the plate to form silver iodine, a light-sensitive chemical. The plate was exposed in a camera for about twenty minutes. Then the plate was put over mercury and heated to 167 F. an image slowly appeared as a whitish amalgen formed on the surface of the plate in proportion to the amount of light it was exposed to. Those who saw the process for the first time thought it to be magic.An English scientist and scholar, William Henry Fox Talbot, invented the Collotype. The process was similar to Daguerre's and in 1840 Talbot improved it. Instead of leaving the paper in the camera until it darkened, he brought out the latent image by development. This reduced exposer time to a matter of seconds compared to minutes. He named this new process talbotype (Newhall 173401737).In 1888 the first automatic camera was introduced to the public. It was produced by Kodak. It contained enough film or one hundred exposures. It had a fixed shutter speed set at 1/25 of a second. It also had a fixed focus lenses that assured a clear picture up to eight feet.The Kodak camera became an Americanicon. For $24 anyone could purchase the camera with a leather strap and a protective carrying case. This cost also paid for the first roll of film and development. When you were finished you sent the camera to Kodak where the film was developed. With $10 you could get a new roll of film which also included the cost of the new roll.Not until the 1920's were photographers able to use a handy compacted instrument that could take pictures in dim light. The first of these candid cameras was the Ermanox marketed under the slogan of "What you can see, you can photograph" (Time-life 154....

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