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The History Of Punishment Essay

1287 words - 5 pages

Punishment is a brutal, severe feeling that has been around for centuries. Since the oldest civilizations till Today punishment has impact the world and how people live their life. Throughout generation to generation civilizations, countries have grown in crimes and punishment. Ancient punishments were harsher than Today’s punishments. In Middle ages, Ancient Greece and Rome, Mesopotamia they’d cruel punishments that were more harsher, severe than Today’s. In the oldest civilizations people were inhumane. They’d committed the most brutal punishments. Today, we have jails and a faster way to die without pain. Before any jails, or guns people we chopped, cut into pieces, burned to death or boiled. They also were tortured to death in the breaking wheel or were flaying to death. Punishment shape how the systems of laws were enforced. Also, how the ruler, King view his people. Women always had harsher punishment than men. Social structure has an impact in punishment. Slaves suffered far harsher than a free men and women. Punishment has both increase and decrease throughout the years.
Mesopotamia, one of the world’s oldest civilizations was the first legal codes and laws. Mesopotamia first known legal code was the Code of Urukagina was written by and names after a ruler of Lagash. Before the Code of Urukagina the crimes and punishment were based on the ideas of right and wrong. In the time of the Code of Urukagina both thieves and adulteresses had their names carve on rocks, which were used to stone them to death. Deflowering a virgin wife of another man resulted as death sentence. A murder was punished by death, and physical wounds were punished with a fine.
Hammurabi, who ruled Babylon his goal were to punish those who were evil and protect those who were good. Babylon was prescription from the Code of Hammurabi. Many of the laws and punishments were based on social statue. This code had about three hundred laws that discuss a range of subjects. Like divorce, adoption, homicide, assault, and other more. The Code of Hammurabi applied to three classes: amely, musking and ardu. The most significant law or rule of the Hammurabi’s code was “an eye for an eye.” The legal language, name is Lex Talionis. Lex Talionis (“eye for an eye”) covered many crimes such as bearing false witness. If a person falsely accused another person, the accuser would be punished instead. The Code of Hammurabi influenced legal system throughout Persia and the East for several centuries.
Egypt developed a system of law that view right and wrong. The Egyptian justice belief was Maat. By the Maat, the pharaohs who authorize the punishments were expected to view everyone equal, except slaves. The pharaoh was who decided the most serious cases. They’d considered tomb robbery one of the most extremely wicked crimes but, this crime became so rampant that during the rule of Ramses IX they began robbing the pharaohs. Egyptian had variety of punishment such as beating, cutting ears,...

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