The History Of Spain Essay

1896 words - 8 pages

The History of Spain

Spain's history can be traced back as far as 3000BC, where Paleolithic cave paintings were found in the region of the Bay of Biscay and the western Pyrenees. These paintings exhibited a remarkable degree of animation and skill. About 1000BC the southern region became the first invasion point for the Iberians, Iberians were originally North African people who became the most prominent ethnologic element in the peninsula and gave its name. The Celts, who migrated from France, also invaded the peninsula and completely absorbed the central region and the northern mountains. Together these two groups form the Celtiberians. Around the 11th century BC the first Mediterranean seafaring people called the Phoenicians colonized in what now is Cadiz. Somewhat later traders from Rhodes and the Greek cities followed. They established colonies also along the Mediterranean coast. In the later part of the 3rd century BC the African State of Carthage, began to exploit the Peninsula. Under the Carthaginian General Hamilcar, a large part of peninsula was conquered in a campaign in from 237BC to 228 BC. That part of the peninsula is now known as Barcelona. This expansion was viewed unfavorable by the Romans and in 219 BC, after violating a Carthage-Rome agreement limiting Carthaginian territory, General Hannibal; destroyed the Greek colony of Saguntum, and started the second Punic war. Around 206 BC the Carthage was forced to evacuate the Peninsula, and nine years later Rome divided the peninsula into two provinces. The Hispanic Citerior, in the valley of the Ebro River and the Hispanic Ulterior, in the plain penetrated by the Guadalquivir River. Under the Romans, Hispania took its final form as three provinces: Lusitania, approximating modern Portugal; Baetica, in the south, approximating western Andalusia; and Hispania Tarraconensis, the central plateau and the north, northwest, and the eastern coast above Cartgena.
In 409AD, Teutonic Invaders crossed the Pyrenees, Alans, Vandals, and Suevi swept over the peninsula. The unity of Hispania under Rome was destroyed, and was not to be recreated for another thousand years. In 412 AD the Visigoth brought their armies in and became the dominant power. From 417 to 717, The King of Toulouse implanted Roman Culture and Christianity in the peninsula. Euric ruled at the height of Visigothic power in the 5 century and codified the Roman and Gothic Law. During the years of 586 to 601 the Roman Catholic religion became the official state religion.
In 711 Muslim armies invaded the Iberian Peninsula, under the leadership of Tariq-lbn-Ziyad. In two years they succeeded in capturing most of Spain. After 717 the country was ran by emirs, and the last of the Spanish emir of Abd-ar-Rahman. In 756, Abd-ar-Rahamn founded the powerful and independent emirate, which later developed into the caliphates of Cordoba. During the establishment of the moors power, a small portion of Christianity...

Find Another Essay On The History of Spain

The Role of Religion in "The Conquest of New Spain"

827 words - 3 pages During the Middle Ages, the Catholic Church was the dominant force in Western civilization. As the Dark Ages came to a close, the monarchies of Europe began to consolidate power; providing an alternative power base. With the Protestant Reformation came another blow to the influence of the Church. Spain, the forerunner in the Age of Discovery, was a fervently Catholic country. During the 16th century, the monarchy combined the forces of

The Effect of the Hydrogen Bomber Crash over Spain

2215 words - 9 pages there is no reason for them to occur. Hydrogen bombs were and still are extremely complicated bombs that release an unbelievable magnitude of force and power. Accidents like the one that occurred over Spain in 1966 are examples of just how dangerous the H-bomb can really be. Extreme responsibility comes with the possession of this type of nuclear power. Throughout the US history of nuclear weapons, the hydrogen bomb is known for its

A Study of the Revolution in Spain, 1936-1937

1292 words - 5 pages , work and the economy. The history of the Spain of 1936-7 demonstrates the fate of a revolution that attempted to create a genuinely autonomous society, but did not make a complete break with those bodies that are inherently given to control and manipulation - the state, the political parties and the unions. In other words, the Spanish anarchist movement of the time failed to clarify its radicalism and to pursue the logic of its principles. Why

The Decision of King Philip II of Spain to Send the Armada Against England

2317 words - 9 pages The Spanish Armada was a giant flotilla of Spanish warships send by the Catholic Spanish King Philip II in 1588. This flotilla was sent to retaliate against England for supporting the piracy and terrorizing of Spanish ships in the Atlantic, and for championing the Netherlands in their revolt against Spain. Philip’s decision to send the Armada was ultimately a result of Queen Elizabeth I’s behavior toward Spain, and the influence of the Church

The Introduction of the Inquisition in Spain in the 15th Century.

1234 words - 5 pages Why Was the Inquisition Introduced in Spain in the 15th Century?The 15th Century was a very hard time for the Jewish people of Spain. The Jews were kicked out from the entire Iberian peninsula in the span of only one century. The Jews were first expelled from Spain in 1492, and later in the 15th century, expelled from Portugal in 1496. When given the choice of between conversion or death, many Jews chose conversion. These Jews became known as

To What Extent Can Adolfo Suárez Be Considered the George Washington of Spain?

2229 words - 9 pages Like George Washington in 1776, Adolfo Suarez in 1976 became the first democratically elected president of his country. Both men lead their nations through very exceptional circumstances. The scope of this investigation is to discover to what extent can Adolfo Suárez be considered the George Washington of Spain? This study will take into consideration the historical and political context, the personal history and the leadership qualities of

Competition in the European mobile phone industry: Introduction of UMTS in Spain

1016 words - 4 pages could pay a percentage of their future annual revenues over the years.Recommendations for competitive strategy for the introduction of UMTS for Telefónica and XferaTelefónica:* Being the market leader in Spain with a significant and increasing gap relative to second operator Vodafone, Telefónica should take the first mover advantage (who hits first, hits twice) by launching its UMTS services at the earliest. Having installed

Introduction of UMTS in Spain Case Study Competition in the European Mobile Phone Industry.

1594 words - 6 pages money to build up the necessary UMTS infrastructure. But some of them did not have simply enough money to do so and as a result, some of the telephone company who bought the license had to give back the license again back to the German government ( eg. Mobilcom ). Or maybe it happens in Spain with Xfera. We think that they are several other systems to tax this new market to the government. They could put higher taxes like VAT or % earnings that it

Discuss the causes of the Dutch revolt against Spain. What were the consequences for the emerging power of England?

518 words - 2 pages THIS WAS LIMITED TO A 1-2 PAGE ESSAY ANSWER (TIMED) FOR A MIDTERM EXAMQuestion:Discuss the causes of the Dutch revolt against Spain. What were the consequences for the emerging power of England?Answer:Although the Low Countries possessed no other identity other than fragmented states that were "owned" (or controlled) by the dukes of Burgundy, and therein, when called upon to send delegates to an estates general, the seeds of collaboration were

Compare the roles of the army, the church and the syndicates (or unions) in Spain and Portugal during their respective dictatorships

713 words - 3 pages Spain and Portugal have always shared a similar history, especially during the 19th century.Soon after the First World War, both Spain and Portugal had a violent and long revolution followed by a right-wing dictatorship.Many are the similarities between the two dictators and their policy.A strong institution in both countries was the army.In Spain, the army based in Morocco gave birth to the coup in 1936 and as the civil was continued, it was

The Muslim-Christian conflict of the present is rooted from the black propaganda that Spain created against the Moors during their occupation in Philippines.

965 words - 4 pages , another chapter in the history of conflict unfolds in resurrection. Our Muslim brothers have lost their identities. They are victims of hasty generalizations. Sometimes, there no effort is made to distinguish them from common criminals. A crime done by a practitioner of Islam is given overemphasis, and is often linked to his religion. Given the present discriminations, it is no wonder that sectors in Muslim society are clamoring for autonomy. The

Similar Essays

History Of Spain Essay

2306 words - 9 pages opposed by a large group of Christian and Visigoth noblemen. A rich, refined culture began to flourish leaving indelible traces in Spanish history. Asserting itself as a mighty power, Moorish Spain was to the forefront in all branches of knowledge, from mathematics to architecture, from astronomy to decorative arts, from warfare to navigation techniques.From 744 Christian resistance became organized in the north-eastern parts of the Iberian

History Of Architecture In Spain Essay

1664 words - 7 pages history of the city, without telling it to you in words. Each city, even each quarter tells you about its history.Jonathan Glancey describes it this way, "At it best, architecture, an art that goes beyond the simple construction of buildings, is able to rise the spirit and [amaze] us with its beauty and grandiosity; and at its worse, in turn, [it makes us small and unworthy], although this should never happen."In Spain, I have lived in Barcelona and

The Business Climate And Market Of Spain

1292 words - 5 pages Spain is a country that is very rich in culture as it is business. I will discuss interesting facts about Spain and business aspects such as its major industries, trading partners, exports, imports and resources that impact Spain's business climate. You will find that Spain is rapidly growing in many ways from the global market to every aspect of its economy.Spanish FactsSpain occupies the majority of the Iberian Peninsula. The country is

The Nature Of War In The 8th Century: A Comparative Analysis Of The Song Of Roland And History Of The Conquest Of Spain

1411 words - 6 pages During the 8th century, the Muslims were expanding their empire, and in the 7th century, they managed to strategize the best way to take over Northern Africa and southern Europe. According to Western Society: A Brief History, “In 711 a Muslim force crossed the Strait of Gibraltar and easily defeated the weak visgothic king.” The Muslim ended up taking over most of Spain, and for a short time, Muslims and Christians lived together peacefully