We human beings need to sleep to let our body to relax and gain back the energy we are spending during daytime. By the same token, sometimes we sleep to get away from reality and fall into a totally different world that we dream of. Dream is a divine gift to all human beings. We dream, there’s no sleeping without a dream, whether it’s a nightmare or a joyful daydream. Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung define dreams as “an interaction between the unconscious and conscious asserting that the unconscious is the dominant force of the dream and it conveys its own mental activity to the perspective faculty.”[ ] Moreover, most of the time our dreams are just reflections of our subconscious, which are inevitably a series of thoughts, images, and sensations occurring in a person’s mind. But can we explicitly interpret every kind of dream we dream of? Can we determine that all the interpretations are true or too good to be true? How mysterious and legendary can these dreams be? Whose dream should we consider important and valuable? These are all questions lays oddly between this world and the next world, but however our dreams can be interpreted based on what we assert from the signs of what we dreamed of. Dreams are seen as projections, which is a part of ourselves that we have ignored, rejected, and suppressed. [ ]
In the history of the Middle East and in the history of Anatolia, we mostly encounter and hear about the history of the Ottoman Empire and how it came about and how it ended. “THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE ended on a particular day, but the beginnings are shrouded in myth,” said Finkel.[ ] We ask ourselves who, where, when, why, and how the empire was established and its importance? Well, we can look back in history and recite what exactly happened, why it happened and how it happened.
The history of the Ottoman Empire goes back to the history of the first Sultan, who was a supreme powerful man like a king who had an absolute power over his empire and dynasty at that time. A man with a nickname of “Kara” meaning black in modern Turkish was the father of the Ottoman Empire during the thirteenth century. Osman Ghazi Khan or Othman I El-Gazi, who was the father of the Ottoman Empire, was born in 1258 in the town of Soğut. Ertugrul Gazi was his father and Hayme Sultan was his mother. Osman I was an intelligent leader. He was a fair man, brave, courageous and occasionally helped the poor people. He even gave his own clothes to the poor people. He prepared lavish meal to everyone in his house. He had two wives; Mal Hatun, Rabi'a Bala Hatun and he had eight sons; Pazarli, Coban, Hamit, Orhan, Ala-ed-din, Ali, Melik, Savci and a daughter; Fatma Sultan from both wives. [ ]
The beginning of the Ottoman Empire goes back to the history of a tribe in the principalities known as Söğütö near Sakarya river valley. The leader of this tribe was Ertuğrul after his death in 1281, on of his three sons, Osman I, took his place and after a short period. As the decline of the...