This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The History Of Urban Planning Essay

961 words - 4 pages

Evidence of urban planning exists since antiquity. In ancient Greece the first settlements grew to be cities were following no particular urban plans mainly with the exception of their acropolises. However excess population growth in these city states lead to the colonization wave of the mediterranean during what is known as classical antiquity. The colonies were founded by their metropolises after carefully selecting their locations, providing access to natural resources (minerals, fertile lands, water) and trading routes. These cities were planned usually following the Hippodamian plan of city layouts. The Hippodamian plan was first introduced by Hipodamus of Miletus who rationalized the functions of the city, its underlying street network and the land uses. He proposed a city of three centres, a political, a commercial and a religious, each one of them providing with specialized functions to the city’s population. Not all plans lead to the successful growth of cities. Famous is the case of Megalopolis in southwestern Peloponnese, which had been planned to become a mega city of its time, as it can be inferred by its name. Although a functioning street network laid the foundations for urban development and monumental public buildings were built, like the biggest known ancient theatre, the city failed to attract dwellers and ended its lifespan never to become something more than an insignificant town of the periphery. In Roman antiquity city plans incorporated systematically the provision of clean water thus leading to the creation of the Roman aqueducts that can be seen standing all over Europe even today. During dark ages in most of western Europe city planning reduced to plans regarding the fortifications of the cities, including a series of outer and inner walls as well as trenches. By that time the city form was no more than the collective product of the layouts of guild ghettos. In England a building regulation of 1189 was specifying that building facades would have to be built using stones or bricks, however most of the buildings in London until 1666 were mostly wooden structures. The city of London had grew up to a population size of 400000 by that time and although city walls were still existing the structures had already occupied the area outside of the walls (Hall, 1998, Levy, 2003). In that year a catastrophic fire burst in London and started consuming the wooden building stock quickly. The fire was unable to be stopped due to the lack of access to water, building density as well as materials prone to be vulnerable to fire. The result was most of the city to be burned to the ground even outside of the medieval wall fortifications. (Hearsey, 1965). That was the significant event that made the King of England realize that a well defined regulation was needed in order to help plan rebuilding the city avoiding destruction in the...

Find Another Essay On The History of Urban Planning

Urban Renewal: The History of City of Buffalo

2474 words - 10 pages After his completion of the Delaware Park and Parkway system with Calvert Vaux throughout Buffalo, New York, Frederick Law Olmsted declared Buffalo as “the best planned city, as to its streets, public places and grounds, in the United States, if not the world.” Inspired largely by the baroque styling of Paris, France, Olmstead wished to create a park within urban Buffalo but rather put the city of Buffalo in a park system. The parks were non

The Impact of Urban Legends Throughout History and Around the World

1749 words - 7 pages The Impact of Urban Legends Throughout History and Around the World Urban legends have always intrigued me. I am unsure if it is the scare factor that intrigues me, the way in which some of them are told, or some of the lessons that are supposed to be taken from them but one thing I know for sure is that I do not stand alone in this belief. In fact urban legends are told all over the world, even in countries that many have never heard of

The Affects of Urban Sprawl

1413 words - 6 pages Have you ever had a dream of moving outside the city and living with your wife, husband or kids with about an acre of land. Well if your dream becomes reality, than you are participating in Urban Sprawl. Urban Sprawl is the expanding of a city over its rural land with single-family homes in low-density neighborhoods. Low-density neighborhoods, with no transportation options are increasing energy costs. My cure is multiple story housing

The Necessity of Urban Farming

1238 words - 5 pages Backyard gardening has always been popular to obtain fresh and nearly free produce in the urban landscape. However with the concerns over GMO (genetically modified foods) as well as pesticide use, and simply the cost of fresh produce in these hard economic times backyard gardening is giving way to a trend towards urban farming. This trend is not as carefree as the traditional backyard garden and begs that more organic means of pest and weed

History and Planning Function of Honda

2133 words - 9 pages founded fourteen years previously, made its first automobile. Entering the four-wheeler business had been a hurried affair, rushed along because it looked as if the Japanese Ministry of Trade and Industry would try to prevent new firms from joining Japan's small automobile industry. The current President of Honda Motor Company is Mr. Hiroyoko Yoshino. The planning function means defining an organization's goals, establishing an overall

The Importance of Planning

1294 words - 6 pages Background Definition of AGILE 1. marked by ready ability to move with quick easy grace 2. having a quick resourceful and adaptable character The Importance of Planning It’s amazing how long the term “Garbage in, Garbage out” has been around, yet with the advent of the term agile teams (and typically developers) tend to embrace agile as a means of avoiding planning and detailed design. Equally harmful can be the outright of rejection of

The importance of planning

1386 words - 6 pages THE IMPORTANCE OF PLANNING FOR A STEREO MANUFACTURERTHE IMPORTANCE OF PLANNINGFOR A STEREO MANUFACTURERThere have been a continuously developing process of recording, prepare & process, and playback equipment during the last century. This has placed the music in a totally new position in our society.Prior to the 20'th century music was only related to special occasions like concerts and the high festivals. This has changed. Nowadays we

The Urban Legend of the Backseat Murderer

1038 words - 4 pages The Backseat Murderer A good urban legend is like a good movie. It unfolds perfectly and it appeals to the audience’s hopes, fears, and anxieties. The urban legend I am about to describe was told by a first year female biology major at the University. She is of Indian descent and both her parents work in the biotechnology field. I collected this story on a Sunday night in the dorm. The fact that it was nighttime helped create the proper mood

Pattern of Urban Development along the Expressway

2033 words - 9 pages Collins that linear growth has been “the natural pattern of growth of our great urban regions” (Collins, Linear Planning) Collins study suggests the existence of linear settlements in history, due to topographical or ecological circumstances. He describes the actual ‘linear plan’ as “very much a modern idea” (Collins, Linear Planning)related to the transportation revolution and the search for efficiency and possibilities for urban development

The importance of urban trees to mankind

1441 words - 6 pages counties, people growing understanding of the importance of urban trees and increasing the proportion of the green area through planning and care of trees in city. But urban trees still inadequate in urban planning process. People need to improve knowledge about urban trees management to maintain and support the trees. The benefits of trees: Social, psychological, health and aesthetic According to Maller et al. (2008) urban tress can reduce

Urban Development and the Desertification of Bangalore

6806 words - 27 pages Bangalore the ’Garden City’ of India; situated at an altitude of 920 m above mean sea level. Bangalore enjoys a salubrious climate all round the year as the summer temperature ranges from 18° C to 38° C while the winter temperature ranges from 12° C to 25° C (Santosh Kr. Singh, 2009; Sudhira, Ramachandra, & Bala Subrahmanya, 2007). The settlements around the city have a recorded history that dates at least as far back as the 5th century. Urban

Similar Essays

Washington, D.C.: The First Example Of Urban Planning

1689 words - 7 pages years . The process of designing Washington is considered an example of what historic preservationists have defined as urban planning today. President Washington along with several commissioners carefully surveyed the land to identify particular locations to use and was aware of selecting and designating areas for residential, governmental, public and commercial areas. Pierre Charles L’Enfant, the main designer and one of Washington’s

Participation In Urban Planning Of China

967 words - 4 pages Participation in urban planning of China Introduction With the development of society and economic, public participation has been a popular topic which attracted people from different fields. On the basic of various theories of urban planning, a great amount of market economy countries have successively established public participation system in the field of urban planning. These successful experiences provide a good guide for China urban

Environmental Holism And The Biophilic Hypothesis In Urban Planning

1376 words - 6 pages Sustainability is becoming a much more common approach to many parts of society, a major one being urban planning. This technical and political process is concerned with the use of land and design of the urban environment. Transportation networks, housing, and preservation and conservation of natural systems are all considered in urban planning. Though many ideas about sustainable living communities and urban planning have been proposed, most

Abu Dhabi Urban Planning Council And The Estidama Program

2777 words - 12 pages 1 Introduction “Estidama” is an Arabic word for sustainability. Abu Dhabi Urban Planning Council’s (UPC) Estidama Program is the government’s initiative to integrate principles of sustainability into Abu Dhabi’s urban development and economic master plan. Bespoke to the region’s culture, climate and physical environment, Estimate is developed to be more than just a set of principles or a rating system. It is presented as a way of life in the