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The History Of Vaccines Essay

2434 words - 10 pages

A vaccine is a modern type of medicine that has been added to the world early on in life. It is mainly called a modern medicine because of how many lives it has saved throughout the world. Vaccines go back to Ancient Greece, where they have been believed to originate. There is an extraordinary number of different vaccines and reasons why they exist. The word vaccine is latin and came from “vacca” for cow where a tested person with cow pox is now immune to smallpox.
Edward Jenner, who is a British physician from Berkeley ,England started to discover vaccinations. He began to discover it by the use of cowpox in order to protect the disease of smallpox. Jenner was born May 14, 1794 and when he turned 14 he was sent to a local surgeon to be trained in London to be a doctor. He returned to Berkeley and became a doctor in 1772. Jenner was more into experiences than a surgeon. When Jenner sent some of his experiences into the Royal Society, they turned him down because his ideas did not have enough proof to his experiments. Shortly, a year later he decided to try harder to have more proof, and he published his experience of the cow pox that was connected to smallpox. He took pus from a cow pox lesion and affected it into an eight year old boy, James Phipps. Phipps was strongly immune to smallpox because of Jenners idea. He relied on the knowledge and farming communities to help with his discovery.
Smallpox is an highly contagious skin disease where it can result in death quickly. It has been believed to start in Africa and spread through India and China. The smallpox virus can enter the bloodstream within three to four days of having an interaction with the virus. It is mainly caused by one of the largest animal viruses called the viola virus. The spread of smallpox can be by having contact with anything that is contaminated, and where the virus can stay alive on any surface for a week. Smallpox can not spread through any type of animals or insects. The virus is a long process because when the virus first enters ones body, and the first time one has the first symptoms takes up to twelve days. The symptoms are like a lot of other diseases where one has a high fever, fatigue, aching, and often times vomiting. The main symptom that distinguishes this virus from others, is that Smallpox will develop a rash of blisters between two to four days after the first set of symptoms. The first outbreak was discovered in 1350 BC while the Egyptian-Hittite war was going on. It officially reached into Europe in the range of the fifth and seventh centuries. Millions of people had died from the smallpox virus in Europe and Mexico. The last epidemic occurrence in the United States was in Texas during 1948 where eight cases and only one death took place.
There is no known cure for the smallpox disease. Getting the vaccination within four to seven days after being exposed helps the symptoms not be as bad, but will not cure the virus. In 1967, the World Health...

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