The American Civil war, also know as the War Between the States, was a bloody war to end slavery. It all started with eleven states seceding from the Union to form their own nation to be able to enslave the African American. The eleven states formed the Confederate States of America, also known as Confederacy, under their president Jefferson Davis. The Civil war came about in 1861 as the North wanted stop the eleven southern states from seceding and forming their own nation just so they can uphold slavery. However, despite having the cold Civil War in the 1860s, all the effort to gain a “new birth of freedom” went in vain. Although the North were advance than the South and were to defeat them in the war, they had in reality lost. By the 1880s, the South had defeated the weakened North and had re-enslaved the African American.
After the Civil war, the American government had passed many amendments to insure the rights of African American but all went in vain, as the South did not follow them. Document A shows that Amendment XIII, which was passed in 1865 right after the Civil War, prohibited the use of slavery within the US. Document B, amendment XIV, states that no one or no states shall deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law. It also states that everyone had the equal protection of laws. This amendment also passed following the Civil war in 1868. Passed in 1870, amendment XV (Document C) further extends the rights of African American by giving them the right to vote regardless of their race, color, or previous condition of servitude. Document E was another effort by the North to insure the rights of the African American. This document is about the Force Bills and how they protected the rights of the blacks by the 14th and 15th Amendments. These bills were passed in 1870-1874 and were series of four acts passed by the U.S. Congress penalizing any interference with the registration, voting, office holding, or jury service of blacks (Document E&R).
In the 1866 in Tennessee, an organization known as the Invisible Empire of the South, or Ku Klux Klan, sprouted. This organization consisted of racist Whites who hated the Black and so it wan an organization that scared Blacks from not voting or seeking any jobs. Document F shows that the “KKK” organization often used terror and violence to scare the blacks. The members of this organization were known as Klansman and these Klansman burned churches and schools, hanged teachers and educated blacks. Blacks were often whipped for refusing to work for whites, for having intimate relations with whites, for arguing with whites, or for having jobs whites wanted. Or else, these blacks were brutally beaten, as shown in Document F, just for being an African American.
Document H also tells about the Klansman and that they would wear masks and long white gowns to frightened people and if anyone would show bravery they would be whipped, maimed, or killed.