Western Civ, Period 4
March 18, 2014
On January 30, 1933 Hitler became the Chancellor of Germany (The Holocaust: An Introductory History). He instigated the systematic and state-sponsored oppression and massacre of six million Jews and twelve million other groups known as the Holocaust (ushmm.org). He justified the genocide by painting Jews as enemies of Germany and inspiring national pride through propaganda.These atrocities were only stopped when World War II officially ended on May 8, 1945 (The Holocaust: An Introductory History). The Holocaust was allowed to occur due to the Nazi’s persecution of races deemed inferior and their propaganda.
Hitler used the foundational concept of Anti-Semitism to and isolate the Jews socially and economically, then persecute them in increasingly drastic fashion. In 1933, Nazis boycotted Jewish businesses by marking them with the Star of David and vandalizing them (G-H). Hitler also threw thousands of Jews out of universities (G-H).. These political moves shuffled Jews down into the lower class. Without income, many Jewish business owners were forced to live in poor housing. They could also not obtain advanced degrees, and therefore could not find well-paying jobs since most of them require a higher education. This economic isolation limited Jewish contact with the middle and upper class. More drastic and official oppression of the Jews was set in place when the Nuremberg Laws were passed later in 1933 (G-H). These laws stripped German Jews of their citizenship (G-H). They were not allowed to enter many public places, and were forced to wear the Star of David on their clothes (G-H). Now that movie theaters, parks, and other public venues could not be accessed by Jews, the common German population had little contact with them. Previously, Germans of all social classes mingled in these common public places, however now non-Jews only met other non-Jews. They couldn’t form relationships or friendships with Jews because their social classes rarely intersected. Now that the Jews were isolated, the Nazis could inflict even more drastic measures against them. Jews were painted as however evil...