The Holy Roman Empire Between 1197 1218

2370 words - 9 pages

The Holy Roman Empire between 1197-1218

Between 1197 and 1218 the Holy Roman Empire became a medieval soap opera. The main characters were Pope Innocent III, Fredrick II, Phillip of Swabbia, and Otto IV. King Phillip of France would also play a major role along with Constance, mother of Fredrick II. The background from this period of 21 years was riveting. In 1197 Henry VI, king of Sicily, and the Holy Roman Empire died leaving his two year old son Fredrick II as king of Sicily. However Phillip of Swabbia and Otto IV would vie for the throne in the Holy Roman Empire. A double election concurred and both Otto and Phillip were elected. The two had a war which was ended in 1204 by the Pope, naming Otto the king. Yet in 1207, the kingship would change again and Phillip of Swabbia would become king. However just over a year after becoming king Phillip would be booted from the throne in 1208. Otto would take over as king of the Empire. However in 1211 Otto IV, would no longer be king of the Holy Roman Empire as he would be replaced by the young Fredrick II. Interestingly enough Fredrick II was raised by Pope Innocent III giving the pope some major power inside the Holy Roman Empire. During this time during the rule of Otto and Otto (after Phillip died in Otto’s second reign), two crusades were going on in which Otto participated in. During 1204 a crusade was brought forth by Innocent during the same time as a war over the throne was being fought. My essay is on the Holy Roman Empire between the death of Henry and the return of Fredrick II back to Germany in 1220. We will start in 1197 after Henry VI has died.
In 1197 the Imperial throne had created an opening with the death of Henry VI. No one had been elected into his spot; The Pope made his first major decision and made good use of the opportunity set before him. Innocent soon got not only the prefect of Rome, but the Senator of Rome to swear allegiance to the pope. Already in Innocents reign as the Pontificate of Rome, Innocent was asserting his power. The Germans had ruled the Holy Roman Empire for many years, the Italians were tired of German rule and wanted one of their own as Emperor, thus Pope Innocent III found it very easy to assert his power throughout Italy, and soon had the whole Italian Peninsula sworn to his allegiance. First he sent two papal delegates, cardinals, to Murkwood, demanding the restoration of the Romagna, and the March of Ancona to the church. Here Innocent suffered his first set back. When the two delegates returned with Murkwoods evasive answer Innocent suffered a minor set back. However the witty Pope would not suffer that much of one, as he soon ordered the mass excommunication of him and his whole legion from the church, and got the Papal legions to run him out of Italy. Once Emperor Henry VI died his four-year old son Fredrick II was named King of Sicily. The widowed mother of Fredrick II ruled for him but could not handle the pressure of the Norman nobles who...

Find Another Essay On The Holy Roman Empire between 1197-1218

The roman empire Essay

532 words - 2 pages (98-117).The most popular Roman Emperor after Augustus, Trajan also engaged in eastern conquests against Parthia, yet died before the troubled regions could be adequately secured. His successor, Hadrian (117-138), abandoned Parthian expansion, yet maintained gains in Dacia and Moesia, allowing the gradual process of Romanization and Latinization to begin. In his attempts to administratively regularize all regions in the Empire and rationalize

Imperialsim: The Roman Empire Essay

2232 words - 9 pages Throughout history, the major powers of the world constantly seek to conquer other parts of the world. Most of the powers were centralized in Europe, for example the Roman Empire. During the Age of Exploration, the idea of taking over other nations is brought back in a more modernized way. Imperialism is the idea of a major power controlling another nation or land with the intentions to use the native people and resources to help the mother

Fall of the Roman Empire

1420 words - 6 pages areas that they had been assigned . As the funds and the labor declined, the north borders became very vulnerable to attacks from outsiders making the empire weak. 3. Another reason that might have led to the fall of the Roman Empire is the continued growth between the wide gulfs of the various classes within the empire. The poor individuals in this empire were unable and unwilling to meet the tax and work demands that had been put upon them

The Roman Empire and Ireland

1873 words - 7 pages to improve themselves. This essay will outline the contacts between Ireland and the Roman Empire (and its legacy) and discuss the effects of these contacts on the island.The first links between Ireland and the Roman Empire would have been through trading. The apparent isolation of Ireland by the sea is, in fact, misleading, as the seas linked rather than divided people. In "A History of the Irish Church 400-700 AD it is suggested that the seas

Fall of The Roman Empire

551 words - 2 pages When discussing the Roman Empire one of the most popular topics is how this mighty empire fell. There are two main views about how the Roman Empire began to fall apart, some believe that it was because of inner strife that occurred in the empire, and weakened the empire so that it could be torn apart from the out side. On the other hand some scholars believe that the Roman Empire crumbled because of out side forces that stressed the empire to

Rome and the Roman Empire

2580 words - 10 pages Rome and the Roman Empire      As the story goes, Rome was founded by a pair of feuding brothers who were allegedly raised by wolves. Romulus and Remus. From that point on, the Roman Empire would play a pivotal role in the development of both Eastern and Western society alike. Its influence can still be noticed. The Empire bought us such inventions as aqueducts, elevators, and innovations like urban planning. This essay will discuss the

Machiavelli and the Roman Empire

2009 words - 8 pages unique and worthy of repeating in terms of its existence as a republic. In fact, the Roman Republic serves as Machiavelli's central example in the work. In The Prince, however, since Machiavelli was more concerned with the behavior of an individual who wields absolute power over a principality, he looks more to the Roman Empire, since there are few examples one can find from the history of the Republic where one man was thrust into a situation where

Rise of the Roman Empire

1218 words - 5 pages Rise of Rome      The legend of Roman Empire, the strongest empire lasted more than 1,000 years in regions of minor Asia, Northern Africa, Europe including Spain, Britain, german and Gaul, which now we call France, was not created in one single day. The stories of ancient gods, heroes, and myths are part of their splendid chronicle, they are both practical facts and fantasies. Much of what we know today about the

The Roman Empire and Nero

1428 words - 6 pages The Roman Empire and Nero It is the beginning of the first century A.D. Seneca, chief Roman tragic writer and philosopher in the time, who just came back from exile is summoned to the Roman emperor's castle by the old emperor Claudius' wife Julia Agrippina. He is assigned to tutor her son, Nero. Nero is a spoiled little twenty-year old fat freak hungry for gladiator-ism. He hates his step- father, Claudius for he always treats him as

The fall of the roman empire

2316 words - 9 pages Imperii, 'The Renewal of the Roman Empire'.[5]Charlemagne's empire was divided in 843 with the Treaty of Verdun, but again in 962, an emperor was appointed by Rome, this time Otto the Great. His Holy Roman Empire remained part of Europe until the 1800's. The story of Europe after the Roman Empire is one of valiant, but failed attempts to bring it back.No-one could really conceive of a world without the Empire and... for centuries, people were to look

The Collapse of the Roman Empire

1670 words - 7 pages The Roman Empire spaded over six hundred years, encompassing the entire Mediterranean world. This empire left an ineffaceable mark on the Western society as a whole with its creation of laws, cultures and currency. As Julius Caesar once said, “I came. I saw. I conquered.” However the real question is, why did this empire fail after providing centuries of strong political and military leadership as well as a stable economic and social

Similar Essays

The Decline Of The Holy Roman Empire

3239 words - 13 pages split the empire’s states into Protestant and Catholic divisions, straining the peace between territories. Though the relationship between the princes and the emperor had already been tenuous, the princes, seeing the religious divisions, sensed weakness in the empire and further challenged imperial authority. The Holy Roman emperors battled Protestant princes in Germany into the seventeenth century, where tensions were still high from the

The Roman Empire Essay

2391 words - 10 pages Ancient Rome, the period between the 8th and 1st centuries B.C. in which Rome grew from a little colony to an emerging empire. "Roman imperialism introduced extremes of wealth and poverty that honed social and economic conflict within the Roman state ." The enormous army and their countless loots, as well as their captured slaves, produced many changes along the countryside such as small farms becoming large plantations, and peasants

Christianity & The Roman Empire Essay

609 words - 2 pages The Success of Christianity in the Roman Empire The Roman Empire, before Christianity, was a polytheistic culture. There were many gods and goddesses that were worshiped for different reasons. Even small communities within the Roman Empire recognized their own deities along with the more popular gods and goddesses. As time progressed, Roman Emperors were soon included with the polytheistic worship. Julius Caesar himself claimed to be a

The Roman Empire Essay

1079 words - 4 pages When discussing the greatest empires in the history of the world, one that will always be included in the conversation is the Roman Empire. With an empire that spread from Hadrian’s Wall to Arabia, it is considered one of the mightiest empires in history. There was no single factor or individual that can be considered to be the driving force behind the success of the Roman Empire. It is rather a success founded upon political policies