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The Horrific Effects Of Trench Warfare During Wwi Can Be Attributed To The Clash Of Outdated Military Tactics And Devastating Modern Weaponry.

2349 words - 9 pages

OutlineThesis Statement: The horrific effects of trench warfare during WWI can be attributed to the clash of outdated military tactics and devastating modern weaponry.I. IntroductionII. What is trench warfareIII. What was effected by trench warfarea. what was gainedb. what was lost1. lives2. land3. resources4. communicationIV. When trench warfare was used successfullya. American Civil Warb. Russo-Japanese WarV. Military tactics of trench warfarea. Western Front1. different kinds of trenches2. "over the top"3. "no man's land"b. attacks and offensivesc. infantry tacticsd. Peaceful PenetrationVI. Modern Weaponrya. Guns1. machine gun2. rifleb. grenadesc. flame throwersd. gase. tanksVII. Why the military tactics and modern weapons didn't work togetherVIII. ConclusionThe horrific effects of trench warfare during WWI can be attributed to the clash of outdated military tactics and devastating modern weaponry. World War I was one of the costliest wars in all of history. Some of the heaviest casualties occurred within the trench battlefields. Many lives were lost due to ineffective military tactics and strategies, and technological advancements made to weapons.Trench warfare uses a form of field fortification consisting of parallel rows of trenches (V). Trench warfare is used when there is a continuing requirement for the protection of interests in a particular location (V). In World War I, the Allied Forces were trying to protect their interests in Europe by putting an end to Germany's tyrannical expansion. Both the Central Powers and the Allied Forces built field fortifications in the form of trenches. Trenches are strong enough for the defenders to hold their position for a period of time (V). In 1453, fortifiers realized that earthen constructions, such as trenches, were a more reliable form of protection against weapons like cannonballs (V). From then on, the trench became a basic feature in fortification (V).Trench warfare had horrific effects during World War I. Fighting took place in the trenches for four years from 1914 to 1918. During those four years the trench lines stretched to a distance of about 25,000 miles. The trench line ran from the coast of Belgium to the Swiss Frontier (III). Very little was gained from trench warfare. Neither the Allied Forces nor the Central Powers ever advanced more than a few miles during the four-year period. The trench lines did not shift more than eleven miles until the end of the war (I). Whatever progress was made was small and cost a large amount in lives. For example, a combined French-British attack had some success for the Allied Forces. The Allies attacked in the northern and southern regions of the trench line. The French troops, who outnumbered the German troops four to one, had some success in the southern Champagne Region. The victory allowed the Allies to advance one-mile (I).The losses that occurred far outweighed what was gained from trench warfare in World War I. Trench warfare caused thousands...

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