The Horus Statue of Nectanebo II and the Human-headed winged lion, also known as the Lamassu, are two pieces of art that are very different yet similar with each other in composition, representation, function, and style. Although they were created at two different points in history, the artists thought about and created the two art works in similar fashion.
The work of art from the Egyptian period is a statue representing the god of war, the sun, and rulers, Horus. It was created in the time frame from three hundred sixty to three hundred forty-two B.C. It is titled The Horus Statue of Nectanebo II because the god Horus is seen protecting one of the kings, also known as pharaohs, of Egypt, Nectanebo II. Another similar work of art, a large statue titled the Human-headed winged lion, came from the Assyrian period. It was found in Mesopotamia which is now Nimrud, Iraq. It was created from eight hundred eighty-three to eight hundred fifty-nine B.C. Similarly, it was created for the king Ashurnasirpal II and was placed in the gateway of his palace. A common point between each piece of art is that the artists that created them are unknown.
The statue and the lamassu are similar in nature because they are both carved sculptures with animals. The Lamassu is a creature wearing the hat of a god with the body of a lion, the head of a human, and the wings of an eagle. The title for this piece of art is appropriate because it gives the viewer an idea about the creature’s composition. The animal parts represent different things such as the body of the lion representing strength and protection. The wings were also symbols of strength because the eagle was an animal that was looked at for having power like the lion. The statue of Horus, on the other hand, has strong symbolization of ruling but power as well. The falcon was a symbol of the god Horus to the Egyptians and was a patron of the living Pharaoh, Nectanebo II. The falcon figure was highly worshipped, and the animal was called the lord of the two lands, Upper and Lower Egypt. Like the lamassu, Horus wears a hat which symbolizes those two regions of Egypt. The cobra emblem on the hat represents royalty because it is also associated with the pharaoh. The lamassu creature is not a god but wears a hat and belt which are symbols of divinity. It makes the statue god-like in nature but does not represent a god in way the falcon does. The head of the statue was made to be a human’s representing humans’ intelligence. These works show that the artists were interested in animal anatomy. Although its body is made up of the parts of animals, the human-headed winged lion is far from being a natural creature. The statue of Horus is a much better example of the natural animal world because of the fine skill put into carving its anatomy.
The natures and composition of the statues can explain for their differences in size and function. The artist of the Horus statue carved it to be realistic and natural looking,...