In the story “The Fall of the House of Usher” the writer uses settings and the plot to show that unexpected and unknown fears cause confusion which leads to madness.
Poe's description of the surroundings of the house were stated in the first sentence of the story. The narrator says “During the whole of a dull, dark, and soundless day in the autumn of the year, when the clouds hung oppressively low in the heavens.”(Narrator para 1) The narrator saying that the day was dull, dark and soundless around the house could lead us as readers to believe that there is no life around the house of Usher. Also the narrator says “I had been passing alone, on horseback, through a singularly dreary tract of country.”(Narrator para 1) By the narrator saying that it could lead readers to believe that the house is far out, away from all life. The house as a whole and the surroundings of it places fear into the reader.
Now the narrator sees the house of Usher. Us as readers first impression of the house came from what the narrator tells us. The narrators says “...with the first glimpse of the building, a sense of insufferable gloom pervaded my spirit.”(Narrator para 1) The narrator is telling readers that when he first laid eyes on the house it gave him an uneasy feeling. Then the narrator goes to give descriptions of the house. He says “ I looked upon the scene before me – upon the mere house, and the simple landscape features of the domain – upon bleak walls – upon the vacant eye like windows – upon a few rank sedges – upon a few white trunks of decayed trees – with an utter depression of soul which I can compare to no earthly sensation more properly than to the after-dream of the reveller upon a opium – the bitter lapse into everyday life – the hideous dropping off of the veil.” The narrators sees that the house has become evil and diseased. The house is not a pretty sight, and neither are the surroundings. The trees are dying, murky ponds, and the atmosphere is depressing.