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The Hubris King Oedipus Essay

1278 words - 6 pages

The role of hubris has presented itself in the play Oedipus the King by Sophocles, we learn that Oedipus is a hubris king who tries to control the gods and avoid his fate. Hubris is defined as excessive personal pride which we see in Oedipus throughout the play. As the play progresses further, Oedipus hubris overwhelms him and he gets into dangerous situations. His pride as king blinds him from the truth as he goes directly to his downfall without realizing it. Oedipus hubris is what causes his tragic downfall because he blinds himself from Tiresias prophecy, avoids Apollo’s prophecy, and his pursuit in trying to find Laius’ murder.
Oedipus calls in Tiresias to reveal the murder of Laius. ...view middle of the document...

Oedipus does not think of other possible ideas to his situations. He does not think over the decision he has made and does not care for Creon’s interest and only cares about his own interests. Oedipus hubris prevents him from acknowledging and listening to anyone, blinding him from Tiresias prophecy which leads Oedipus to his downfall instead of realizing the truth sooner. Later on in the play Oedipus was not only trying to avoid Tiresias warning but also Apollo prophecy from his past.
As we learn more about Oedipus past before coming to the city of Thebes, we discover that Oedipus tries to avoid his fate from the prophecy told by Apollo. A man told Oedipus that he is not the true son of his father. After hearing this Oedipus went on a journey to Apollo to look for answers. Apollo told Oedipus that he would kill his father and have children’s with his mother which frightened Oedipus. “...to lie with my mother and beget children men’s eyes would not bear the sight of-and to be the killer of the father that gave me life” (Sophocles 45). After hearing this, Oedipus ran away from Corinth which was a terrible mistake he made. Oedipus thinks he can avoid the prophecy and solve his own problems by himself. Oedipus does not realize that avoiding the prophecy will make it come to reality.
As Oedipus tells the story of meeting king Laius he says, “...in no time at all he was hit by the stick I held in my hand and rolled backwards from the center of the wagon. I killed the whole lot of them” (Sophocles 46). This shows that Oedipus is not a gentle person but a rash one.
Oedipus hubris made the prophecy come true by not realizing he has killed his birth father. Oedipus thinks that anyone who tries to stand in his way should receive harsh punishment. Instead of killing Laius and his servants, Oedipus could have ignored it; rather he used physical violence as a solution. If he had not done this, he would not have fulfilled the prophecy of killing his birth father. Oedipus later ends up in the city of Thebes and marries his mother and has two daughters which fulfilled the other part of the prophecy. Since Oedipus has married the queen of Thebes, he thought that he had absolute power and achieved greatness in himself which increased his ego and made him hubris. When Oedipus realizes the truth he becomes ashamed of what he had done because of his hubris actions. If Oedipus had not listened to the...

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