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The Human Memory Process Essay

1047 words - 5 pages

Memory is associated with the “thinking again” or “recalling to the mind” of something learned from past experience. Human memory is an important part of human existence, but it is rarely understandable. Memory is a “mental time travel” (Goldstein, 2011, p. 116). A memory can bring back the feeling about situation, event and experience that occurred long ago. Memory is used to remember fact, acquired new knowledge and how to use new knowledge or skill in day to day life (Goldstein, 2011). Sternberg (1999), defined memory as remembered the past experience to use the information in the future. Without a memory a person cannot operate in present or think in the future because it affect the ability to learn new knowledge. There are four major processes occurred in human memory which are encoding, consolidation, storage, and retrieved or recall (refer to figure 1 in Appendix 1).
The first process in memory is encoding. Encoding is a biological development that is rooted in the senses which it is begins with perception (Mohs, 2007). Encoding is the first important step to creating a new memory. It allows the perceived worthwhile item to be converted into information that can be stored in the brain, and after that is recalled from short-term or long-term memory (Mastin, 2010). Information excerpted from sensory input into the memory system changed into a form that the system can cope with and then stored it. The scientist believes that the hippocampus with frontal cortex is responsible for analyzing various sensory inputs before deciding to store information in long-term memory (Martin, 2007). These various bits of information are then stored in different parts of the brain, then identified and retrieved to form a cohesive memory. Even though a memory begins with perception, encoding and storing processes used language of electricity and chemicals. Nerve cells connect with other cells at a point called a synapse. All the action in the brain goes on synapses, which synapses is an electrical pulse carrying messages leap across gaps between cells.
The second process in memory is consolidation. Researcher past finding stated that memory consolidation refers to the process of memory strengthen the resistance to interference during the encoding process (Walker, Brakefield, Hobson & Stickgold, 2003). The finding then renewed it as the processes of strengthening a memory trace after the first information is acquired. This process categorizes into two categories which part of the process of encoding or of storage, or it as a memory process in its own right (Mastin, 2010). Researchers divided consolidation into two specific processes, synaptic consolidation that happens in the first few hours after learning or encoding and system consolidation where hippocampus-dependent memories become independent of the hippocampus over a period of weeks to years. Research on neurological stated that the process of consolidation known as a phenomenon called long-term...

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