The Human Genome Project (Hgp) Essay

3246 words - 13 pages

Has the Human Genome Project created viable mechanisms that enable or disable the sustainability of the human population?

The definition of sustainability is “the ability to be upheld or defended” (Oxford South African Pocket Dictionary, 2006, p912.). The sustainability of the human population has been one of the most imperial factors in terms of our existence. From every realm of profession, thinkers all over the world have been looking for ideas that would give us a secure way to definitely increase our longevity. This is why I believe the discovery of the human genome has opened many windows of opportunities that securely sustain our existence due to providing information about terminal diseases.
The discovery of the human genome has led to innovative methods that have provided the purest understanding of the human anatomy. In conjunction, the mapping of the human genome has created mechanisms that allow the human population to be less susceptible to diseases.
The Human Genome Project (HGP) was as international biological research that was co-ordinated by the National Institute of Health and the U.S. Department of Energy in the year of 1990. The HGP had a primary goal of mapping out and sequencing the nucleotides that are present in the fundamental structure DNA, identify all the genes and develop faster methods of mapping out DNA.
Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA)

Deoxyribonucleic acid is “a self-replicating material which is present in all living organisms as the main constituent of chromosomes; it is also the carrier of genetic information” (Oxford Dictionary online, no date). This structure is located in the nucleus and is made up of a sugar molecule (deoxyribose), a Phosphate molecule (P) and four nitrogenous bases: adenine, guanine, cytosine and thymine; together these make the monomer of DNA: the nucleotide.
The genetic information is coded in the form of the base letters A, C, T and G. The different structure of the bases allow adenine to only bond with thymine or uracil (in terms of Ribonucleic Acid(RNA)) by means of a double Hydrogen bond (A=T, A=U). Furthermore, Cytosine will only bond with guanine by a triple hydrogen bond (C≡G) (Jen Grogan and Ruth Suter 2010 p3. 1. 2).

A special characteristic of DNA is that, it has the ability of replicating itself and creating a DNA daughter molecule that is identical to the original DNA molecule. This ability is quite profound as it ensures that the genetic code is passed onto each daughter cell. Segments of DNA bring about genes and these are situated on the chromosome. These genes then bring about characteristics within an individual (Jen Grogan and Ruth Suter 2010 p.3. 3.1).

Chromosomes and Genes:
“Chromosomes are long thread-like structures that form a part of the chromatin network” (Jen Grogan and Ruth Suter 2010). DNA in living organisms structures the chromatin network within the nucleus. Genes can be defined as “a section of DNA (series of nucleotides/bases) that controls...

Find Another Essay On The Human Genome Project (HGP)

The Human Genome Project Essay

1153 words - 5 pages The Human Genome Project (HGP), an international scientific research project, has educated the public tremendously on various topics concerning DNA and genetics. This study has been beneficial to communities alike. As stated, the HGP sought to identify all the genes in human DNA, determine the sequences of the three billion chemical base pairs that make up human DNA, store this information in databases, improve tools for data analysis, transfer

The Human Genome Project Essay

699 words - 3 pages base pairs. The order of these base pairs are extremely important and determine everything in an organism. The Human Genome Project started in the mid-1980’s and was discussed widely throughout the scientific community and public press in the last years of the decade. In the United States, DOE first and soon afterward NIH were the main research agencies within the US government responsible for developing and planning the project. By 1988, the

The Human Genome Project

962 words - 4 pages The Human genome project :In 1990, the project initially headed by James Watson began at the U.S National Institutes of health.A genome is the entire DNA in a living animal such as cats, human and ants… including its genes.DNA is the long thread of a molecule that carries genes. Each strand of DNA, packaged as a chromosome, bears thousands of genes. Each gene contains the instructions for making a single component of the body, usually a

The Human Genome Project

813 words - 3 pages The Human Genome Project The complete human genome sequence was announced in April 2003, two years ahead of schedule and almost three years after the first working draft was achieved. The sequencing information from the project was made fully and freely available at every stage, but much further work remains to be done to identify the thousands of genes and their functions. The Human Genome

The Human Genome Project - 1046 words

1046 words - 4 pages The Human Genome Project The Human Genome Project began in the mid - 1980s as an international scientific mission to map all the genetic material (i.e. genes) in human chromosomes and ultimately build the complete set of genetic information contained within molecules of deoxyribosenucleic acid (DNA) known as the genome. The project aims to improve the methods used to prevent and cure diseases because the keys to many of

Human Genome Project

620 words - 2 pages The goal of the Human Genome Project (HGP) was to map out and understand all the genes contained within the human DNA. All our genes together is called our "genome". The HGP was an international effort. It is a culmination of information obtained through the history of genetics research. The HGP revealed that there is something like 30,000- 40,000 human genes. The complicated map can now identify their locations. The first draft of the human

Human Genome Project

4821 words - 19 pages has enormous spiritual and commercial value. In the deepest sense, we are who we are because of our genes, and therefore it is essential to gain knowledge about the manifold mysteries of life, our genes, and our biological inheritance in full ultimate molecular detail. With advances in molecular genetics, it became possible to launch the Human Genome Project (HGP) - a sequencing project that determines the genetic makeup of an organism by reading

Human Genome Project

1031 words - 5 pages research and their findings done through the Human Genome Project can be justified. Therefore, the discussion in this paper narrows its scope to ascertaining whether scientists are morally entitled to spend millions of dollars and time in their research or their findings will contradict their methodology as per that old adage, “Do the means justify the end?” Human Genome Project (HGP) started in the 1980s with an aim to specifically carry out a

Human Genome Project

1809 words - 7 pages : Can we identify all the actual genes?, Can we identify all the "gene products?, Will we be able to come up with mechanisms for replacing faulty gen es in people with genetic diseases and make it so their children do not inherit faulty genes? These are questions that I hope will be answered in the next 50 years whilst scientists learn more and develop more theories about the Human Genome.BibliographyAll About The Human Genome Project (HGP) . (2014

Human Genome Project - 984 words

984 words - 4 pages and the protection of workers in the federal and civilian nuclear industry.As the potential benefits of human genetics research became more apparent, Congress requested that the DOE and the U. S. National Institutes of Health develop a joint genome project. The U.S. Human Genome Project (HGP) began formally in 1990 with expanded goals to describe all human DNA by 2005. However, rapid scientific achievements moved the completion date foreward to

Human Genome Project

2369 words - 9 pages Should man govern nature? This is a question that has been posed more often recently than ever. Human will soon know the secret to life and be able to use that secret in many different ways. This is all made possible by a nation-wide research effort called the Human Genome Project. The HGP is a scientific study and mapping of the estimated 50,000-100,000 genes in the human body. It is being hailed as one of the most important projects in the

Similar Essays

The Human Genome Project Essay

2593 words - 10 pages The Human Genome Project The Human Genome Project (HGP) is a project coordinated by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the National Institute of Health (NIH). The HGP began in 1990 and was scheduled to be completed in 2005. The goals of the project are to identify all the genes in the human genome (estimated to be 80,000 - 100,000 total) and develop the complete human DNA sequence. After the sequencing is done, a database with all the

The Human Genome Project Essay

2753 words - 11 pages The Human Genome Project Introduction The Human Genome Project (HGP) is a plan to develop a detailed genetic and physical map of the human genome. As a result of this project, it is predicted that vast increases in technology and biological approaches to the molecular world will occur. It was speculated that this project would take two decades. Some scientist did not even think it could be done because the technology was not ready for

The Human Genome Project Essay 1349 Words

1349 words - 5 pages The Code Breaker: Discover, May 1998 p44 Genetic Sampling: big brother, or big science? Public Health Reports:Jan-Feb 1998 p71 The Human Genome Project: Some Other Useful Web Sites Center Site NIH Human Genome Program DOE Human Genome Program Genome Database

The Human Genome Project Essay 1500 Words

1500 words - 6 pages The Human Genome Project The human genome project is something that I have been very interested with ever since first learning of it. I had heard bits and pieces of what it is about, but my interest was greatly stimulated by Dr. Whited in basic genetics 311 last spring. The discussion that we had regarding the project left me with several ideas and questions about not only the process and ethics involved, but the future of the study of