The Human Reproductive System
Miramar High School
The Female Reproductive System consists of the Female sex cells, Vagina, Labia, Clitoris, Urethra, Hymen, Uterus, Cervix, Fallopian tubes, Ovaries, Estrogen, and Progesterone. The female sex cells, otherwise known as ovum, which are created by the ovaries, combines with male sperm, give a fertilized egg a home, and create an embryo. The vagina, also known as the birth canal, joins to the bottom of the uterus (cervix) and it holds male gametes during sex and provides leave for a baby’s birth. It is located towards the bottom of the pelvis. The Labia can be split up into 2 parts, the Labia Majora ...view middle of the document...
Sperm can fertilize the eggs in the fallopian tube. The Ovaries are two oval shaped organs which produce ovum and are located on the sides of the woman’s uterus. In addition to producing thousands of ova, the ovaries also produce hormones such as estrogen and progesterone. Estrogen is a hormone which develops female characteristics, ova, and the uterus for pregnancy. Progesterone is a hormone in women which regulates menstruation and pregnancy.
The Male Reproductive System consists of the Testes, Testosterone, Epididymis, Vas deferens, Semen, Sperm, Prostate, Urethra, Penis, Seminiferous tubules, Seminal vesicles, and the Bladder. The Testes, also known as testicles, are two balls which secrete hormones and millions of sperm cells; they are both very sensitive and are located below the pelvis. Testosterone is a hormone produced by the testes which form the sexual characteristics of men, such as increased body hair, deeper voice, and development of sexual organs. The Epididymis is a tube leading from each testicle to the vas deferens where sperm mature, until being released through the vas deferens. The vas deferens is a tube that passes along the testicles and transports semen to the seminal vesicles during ejaculation. Semen is a milky white substance that contains millions of sperm. The semen matures in the epididymis, and then flows to the vas deferens and through the urethra during ejaculation. The prostate is a small gland under the bladder which helps with transporting sperm and is highly sensitive. The urethra is a tube in the penis which urine flows out of, as well as semen; it feeds out of the bladder. The Penis is the male reproductive organ, which is composed of tissue which expands with blood when being aroused, also known as an erection. The penis is composed of two parts, the shaft and glans. The shaft is a tubular mound of tissue which can expand due to sexual arousal. The glans is the tip of the penis, which is very sensitive. Seminiferous tubules are tubules in the testicles that create thousands of sperm daily due to meiosis. Seminal vesicles are two organs under the bladder that function similar to the prostate in producing seminal fluid, which helps with the transportation of sperm. The bladder is an organ which collects urine from...