The Human Right Violations At Abu Ghraib

1981 words - 8 pages

The Human Right Violations at Abu Ghraib
In 1949, the Geneva Convention Relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War was created to prohibit immoral, cruel and degrading punishment toward prisoners during wartime. The United States ratified this covenant and became a member of the Geneva Conventions. During Operation Iraqi Freedom, a series of human abuses occurred from October through December of 2003 where American military personnel have conducted acts of brutality and immoral behavior toward Iraqi detainees at the Abu Ghraib prison. The inhumane “interrogation method” of the American military have clearly violated Article 2 and 4 of the Geneva Conventions. Article 2.2 states “No exceptional circumstances whatsoever, whether a state of war or a threat of war, internal political instability or any other public emergency, may be invoked as a justification of torture”; Article 2.3 says “An order from a superior officer or a public authority may not be invoked as a justification of torture.” Similarly, Article 4.1 of the Geneva Conventions addresses that “Each State Party shall ensure that all acts of torture are offences under its criminal law. The same shall apply to an attempt to commit torture and to an act by any person which constitutes complicity or participation in torture.” The Convention against Torture requires states to illegalize torture, and provide humane punishment for prisoners at war. The inhumane behavior conducted by the American military contradicts President Bush’s rhetoric in which he promised nations of the world that the United States stands with the other 135 nations under the ratification of Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment. The failure of provision of humane punishment at Abu Ghraib prison is caused by the lack of successful military leadership and clear interrogation policy. The responsibility of this failure is institutional as well as personal at higher levels.

Abu Ghraib and the Root Causes of Abuse
When President Bush declared the War on Terror after the incident of September 11, 2001, he was declaring a new kind of war on a different kind of enemy. The al-Qaeda terrorist group who were responsible for the destruction of World Trade Center is organized differently than any enemy that the U.S. has faced before. Since the terrorists were determined to target large numbers of American civilians, the Bush administration issued a memorandum which declared the Geneva Conventions cannot apply to unconventional combatants such as al-Qaeda, it states “ I accept the legal conclusion of the Department of Justice and determine that none of the provisions of Geneva apply to our conflict with al Qaeda in Afghanistan or elsewhere through the world because; among other reasons al Qaeda is not a High Contracting Party to Geneva. (Bush 2002)”
In 2002, the Office of Legal Counsel responded to the President’s request of exploring the question whether American officials...

Find Another Essay On The Human Right Violations at Abu Ghraib

Summary of Stanley Milgram's Prison Experiment and "The Abu Ghraib Prison Scandal: Sources of Sadism" by Marianne Szegedy-Maszak.

778 words - 3 pages within human nature. To help tie the results of these experiments in with the Abu Ghraib prison scandal, Szegedy-Maszak references Robert Okin, a professor of psychiatry at the University of California San Francisco, who said that “the abuse [in Abu Ghraib] became an inexcusable way of working off [the soldiers’] rage, anxiety about their own safety, and their sense of helplessness.” (Szegedy-Maszak p. 174) These feelings, along with

Violations of Human Rights in the Arab-Israeli Conflict

2096 words - 8 pages Since the beginning of the Arab-Israeli conflict there have been countless human rights violations committed by both sides, but the majority of violations have been carried out by Israel against the Palestinians. In looking at the conflict, one may believe that every attack has featured a human rights violation, but in order to be able to properly determine what human rights violations are, one must know the history of human rights and how they

Human Rights Violations in the War on Terrorism

1027 words - 4 pages Following the September 11th terrorist attacks in which at least 3,000 people were killed, the United States has pursued policies that violate human rights in order to wage the war on terrorism. These policies include the adoption of new security measures, the poor treatment of captured fighters at Guantanamo Bay Naval Base in Cuba, and the willingness of the Bush administration to overlook human rights violations in other countries in

The Left and Right at the Birth of Weimar Germany

802 words - 3 pages The Left and Right at the Birth of Weimar Germany From the general chaos and unrest that followed the Kiel Mutiny in late 1918, the centre-left emerged to lead Germany into a new era of democracy. Philipp Scheidemann, a key figure in the moderate SDP, declared a Democratic Socialist Republic from a balcony in Berlin on 9th November 1918. However, the whole of Germany was not behind him, since simultaneously, and from a

The Incorporation of the Human Right Act into British Law

2404 words - 10 pages The Incorporation of the Human Right Act into British Law The Human Rights Act came in force in 2000 and has been successful in UK. This is because after a year Michael Beloff QC pointed out in The Times that 15% of the cases brought in the high court with Human Rights Act implication had been successful. The Act has the effect of in cooperating the European convention on Human Rights into British law. The home

Inhabitation: A Look at the Make It Right Foundation

1873 words - 7 pages issues and gave raise to days of flooded neighborhoods, inoperative utilities, and a stoppage of transportation. The days that followed were filled with intense heat, high humidity and a lack of aid to bring food and shelter. A Death toll of over 1500 people stands as the cost to this disaster’s New Orleans price tag. (Hurricane Katrina) This article will look at the process and motives of the Make It Right foundation in its quest to bring back

Totalitarianism at the Expense of Human Nature

2084 words - 8 pages The Party. The totalitarian government in the novel, otherwise known as The Party, achieves the goal of absolute power of their kingdom at the expense of the attributes that set human beings apart from animals. The Party achieves this goal through the destruction of history, language, and intimacy. The manipulation of history allows The Party complete control over the past, which the government uses to dictate the history and memory of the

Treating or Terminating: The Dilemma of Impaired Infants and the Right to Be Human

1514 words - 6 pages considered a human by nature. It is understandable though that it is the parent’s consideration that determines their future. From fertilization, the child has the right to be born. However, conditions are not always favorable for the child to be born into. A child with Down syndrome that is born to an impoverish family would not benefit from existence. At the least, the child would be burdensome financially to the family. In cases such as Decision

Intellectually disabled parents have the legal right and human desire to become parents.

1590 words - 6 pages LAW FINAL: Student April 8, 2002" one generation people have gone from being idiots and morons to neighbours and friends and that's been quite a journey." Author and disability rights activist, Dave HingsburgerIntellectually disabled parents have the human desire and legal right to become parents, but doesn't a child have the right to a secure and stimulating environment? The film Is Love Enough presents several stories that provide

Human Cloning - Is it right? Is it wrong? This essay debates human cloning from a Christian perspective. The final answer is no; human cloning should be banned.

706 words - 3 pages Human CloningCloning brings advances in artificial organs, cosmetics, and age reduction, while at the same time taking away a human's individuality, uniqueness, and the right to live his own life. It may correct some of the mere eight defective genes in the average human body and it may give an infertile couple the ability to have children, but manufacturing artificial life cannot give a child his own life without living in the shadow of another

A Massive Project for the Benefit of Mankind. A Look at the Human Genome Project

1440 words - 6 pages insurance companies puts a severe disadvantage on the person who is screened, as well as violates the patients right to privacy. If this genetic information is not safeguarded as confidential for the patient's and doctor's knowledge alone, then the patient can be labeled as undesirable and the patient may not be able to receive insurance coverage at any price. This also brings up other ethical questions. 'Does genetic testing constitute an invasion

Similar Essays

Human Right Violations Essay

542 words - 2 pages have to follow international trading rules, which will help develop more open society.To conclude, it can be stated that human right violations in China were put under control as soon as the International community has assumed its role. Engagement with China over the long-term will produce results. Therefore, other nations own a great influence and responsibility in every country in which people are not respected. As we have seen in China, an

America's Accountability To Its Constitution And The Events At Abu Ghraib

833 words - 3 pages call him an insurgent or a terrorist. It’s quite a twist. Our country was built upon the values laid out in the constitution, and any individual working in the name of the US is absolutely bound by these truths. There is nothing which permits a violation of this; no reason can be which excuses such behavior in violation of these fundamentals. What occurred at Abu Ghraib in the form of mental and physical abuse has no excuse, and as General Taguba

This Paper Covers The Scandal Of Prisoner Abuse In Abu Ghraib In Iraq.

896 words - 4 pages that reside at Abu Ghraib. Sleep deprivation, stress positions, lengthy isolation, dietary manipulation and presence of military dogs during interrogation were all part of the list of new techniques to be used. "Red Cross officials said most of these methods are banned under the Geneva Conventions" (McGeary 4). However, it is being argued by lawyers that the Geneva Conventions don't apply to the prisoners and these new interrogation techniques

Comparitive Critique Of Stanley Milgram's Prison Experiment And "The Abu Ghraib Prison Scandal: Sources Of Sadism" By Marianne Szegedy Maszak.

1529 words - 6 pages prison environment affects the guards who work there. In her article "The Abu Ghraib Prison Scandal: Sources of Sadism", Marianne Szegedy-Maszak looks at the Abu Ghraib atrocities and the possible reasons why "normal" people turned into sadists who committed unfathomable acts of torture. Although Szegedy-Maszak and Zimbardo both suggest that every person has the potential to be a torturer, Zimbardo's experiment adds specificity to Szegedy-Maszak's