The Human Right Violations At Abu Ghraib

1981 words - 8 pages

The Human Right Violations at Abu Ghraib
In 1949, the Geneva Convention Relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War was created to prohibit immoral, cruel and degrading punishment toward prisoners during wartime. The United States ratified this covenant and became a member of the Geneva Conventions. During Operation Iraqi Freedom, a series of human abuses occurred from October through December of 2003 where American military personnel have conducted acts of brutality and immoral behavior toward Iraqi detainees at the Abu Ghraib prison. The inhumane “interrogation method” of the American military have clearly violated Article 2 and 4 of the Geneva Conventions. Article 2.2 states “No exceptional circumstances whatsoever, whether a state of war or a threat of war, internal political instability or any other public emergency, may be invoked as a justification of torture”; Article 2.3 says “An order from a superior officer or a public authority may not be invoked as a justification of torture.” Similarly, Article 4.1 of the Geneva Conventions addresses that “Each State Party shall ensure that all acts of torture are offences under its criminal law. The same shall apply to an attempt to commit torture and to an act by any person which constitutes complicity or participation in torture.” The Convention against Torture requires states to illegalize torture, and provide humane punishment for prisoners at war. The inhumane behavior conducted by the American military contradicts President Bush’s rhetoric in which he promised nations of the world that the United States stands with the other 135 nations under the ratification of Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment. The failure of provision of humane punishment at Abu Ghraib prison is caused by the lack of successful military leadership and clear interrogation policy. The responsibility of this failure is institutional as well as personal at higher levels.

Abu Ghraib and the Root Causes of Abuse
When President Bush declared the War on Terror after the incident of September 11, 2001, he was declaring a new kind of war on a different kind of enemy. The al-Qaeda terrorist group who were responsible for the destruction of World Trade Center is organized differently than any enemy that the U.S. has faced before. Since the terrorists were determined to target large numbers of American civilians, the Bush administration issued a memorandum which declared the Geneva Conventions cannot apply to unconventional combatants such as al-Qaeda, it states “ I accept the legal conclusion of the Department of Justice and determine that none of the provisions of Geneva apply to our conflict with al Qaeda in Afghanistan or elsewhere through the world because; among other reasons al Qaeda is not a High Contracting Party to Geneva. (Bush 2002)”
In 2002, the Office of Legal Counsel responded to the President’s request of exploring the question whether American officials...

Find Another Essay On The Human Right Violations at Abu Ghraib

Comparitive Critique of Stanley Milgram's Prison Experiment and "The Abu Ghraib Prison Scandal: Sources of Sadism" by Marianne Szegedy-Maszak

1529 words - 6 pages prison environment affects the guards who work there. In her article "The Abu Ghraib Prison Scandal: Sources of Sadism", Marianne Szegedy-Maszak looks at the Abu Ghraib atrocities and the possible reasons why "normal" people turned into sadists who committed unfathomable acts of torture. Although Szegedy-Maszak and Zimbardo both suggest that every person has the potential to be a torturer, Zimbardo's experiment adds specificity to Szegedy-Maszak's

Summary of Stanley Milgram's Prison Experiment and "The Abu Ghraib Prison Scandal: Sources of Sadism" by Marianne Szegedy-Maszak

778 words - 3 pages within human nature. To help tie the results of these experiments in with the Abu Ghraib prison scandal, Szegedy-Maszak references Robert Okin, a professor of psychiatry at the University of California San Francisco, who said that “the abuse [in Abu Ghraib] became an inexcusable way of working off [the soldiers’] rage, anxiety about their own safety, and their sense of helplessness.” (Szegedy-Maszak p. 174) These feelings, along with

Violations of Human Rights in the Arab-Israeli Conflict

2096 words - 8 pages Since the beginning of the Arab-Israeli conflict there have been countless human rights violations committed by both sides, but the majority of violations have been carried out by Israel against the Palestinians. In looking at the conflict, one may believe that every attack has featured a human rights violation, but in order to be able to properly determine what human rights violations are, one must know the history of human rights and how they

Human Rights Violations in the War on Terrorism

1027 words - 4 pages Following the September 11th terrorist attacks in which at least 3,000 people were killed, the United States has pursued policies that violate human rights in order to wage the war on terrorism. These policies include the adoption of new security measures, the poor treatment of captured fighters at Guantanamo Bay Naval Base in Cuba, and the willingness of the Bush administration to overlook human rights violations in other countries in

Guantanamo Bay And Human Rights Violations by the United States

1743 words - 7 pages better than those at Guantanamo Bay Detention Center. Violations of UN Standards for POWs Some ways that conditions at Guantanamo Bay violate the Geneva Convention are: “Young prisoners shall be kept separate from adults.” (Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners, 1933) This means that prisoners under eighteen cannot be put alongside adult prisoners. However, in Guantanamo, this was largely ignored and inmates who were under eighteen

Reflection on Brazil’s human rights violations compared to the world

737 words - 3 pages Human right violations are still severe in Brazil for those who are having their right to public security, their right to land, and their juvenile detention centers . Currently the people of Brazil have not been able to enjoy many of their human rights. They have had to experience police brutality, along with their land being taken away and their women being mistreated or forced to be slaves. Many countries in the world have similar problems to

The Death Penalty and Violations of Human Rights

2681 words - 11 pages issue, encompassing many aspects of society including ethics and morality, the judicial system, and politics and the economy. It will be argued that the death penalty is a morally dubious and obsolete practice that is no longer relevant in modern judiciary, as it breaches the inviolable human right to life. Ethics and morality are primary arguments for both supporting and opposing the death penalty, as some individuals believe that the death

Policy to Address Human Rights Violations in The Democratic Republic of Congo

2719 words - 11 pages 2010 (UN Security Council Resolution 1925, p. 1). The intention of the of the UN Security Council resolution was to assist the Congo in establishing an effective national government, to bring an end to the internal conflicts along with stemming the human rights abuses that continue to plague this country. Some of the human right violations that continue to plague the Congo are: continued illegal mining of precious minerals, forcing individuals

The Right to Bear Arms is a Human Right

760 words - 4 pages armed. On April 20th, 1999 at Columbine High to students opened fire inside of the school. 13 people, 12 of which were students, were killed in this massacre. If certain teachers had the right to hold a firearm, this could have ended just as it began, same goes for the Virginia Tech shooting of 2007. People think the legalization of guns will give criminals more leverage, but it will also even the playing field for the people who do good. On

The Left and Right at the Birth of Weimar Germany

802 words - 3 pages The Left and Right at the Birth of Weimar Germany From the general chaos and unrest that followed the Kiel Mutiny in late 1918, the centre-left emerged to lead Germany into a new era of democracy. Philipp Scheidemann, a key figure in the moderate SDP, declared a Democratic Socialist Republic from a balcony in Berlin on 9th November 1918. However, the whole of Germany was not behind him, since simultaneously, and from a

The Incorporation of the Human Right Act into British Law

2404 words - 10 pages The Incorporation of the Human Right Act into British Law The Human Rights Act came in force in 2000 and has been successful in UK. This is because after a year Michael Beloff QC pointed out in The Times that 15% of the cases brought in the high court with Human Rights Act implication had been successful. The Act has the effect of in cooperating the European convention on Human Rights into British law. The home

Similar Essays

America's Accountability To Its Constitution And The Events At Abu Ghraib

833 words - 3 pages call him an insurgent or a terrorist. It’s quite a twist. Our country was built upon the values laid out in the constitution, and any individual working in the name of the US is absolutely bound by these truths. There is nothing which permits a violation of this; no reason can be which excuses such behavior in violation of these fundamentals. What occurred at Abu Ghraib in the form of mental and physical abuse has no excuse, and as General Taguba

Human Right Violations Essay

542 words - 2 pages have to follow international trading rules, which will help develop more open society.To conclude, it can be stated that human right violations in China were put under control as soon as the International community has assumed its role. Engagement with China over the long-term will produce results. Therefore, other nations own a great influence and responsibility in every country in which people are not respected. As we have seen in China, an

Abu Ghraib And Guantanamo Bay: The Safety Of Nations Or The Rights Of Few?

1107 words - 5 pages camps are justified or should be closed lies with two factors: The violation of human rights and the importance in gathering information to aid America’s “war on terror.” Abu Ghraib’s and Guantanamo Bay’s holding cells have been criticized for infringing on detainees’ basic rights. BR, an Abu Ghraib detainee, commented on his experience, “They accused us of planting bombs on the road and resisting American forces. I gave them the same answers and

This Paper Covers The Scandal Of Prisoner Abuse In Abu Ghraib In Iraq

896 words - 4 pages that reside at Abu Ghraib. Sleep deprivation, stress positions, lengthy isolation, dietary manipulation and presence of military dogs during interrogation were all part of the list of new techniques to be used. "Red Cross officials said most of these methods are banned under the Geneva Conventions" (McGeary 4). However, it is being argued by lawyers that the Geneva Conventions don't apply to the prisoners and these new interrogation techniques