This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Concept Of Intelligence Essay

3430 words - 14 pages

The Concept of Intelligence

ABSTRACT: Gilbert Ryle’s dispositional analysis of the concept of intelligence makes the error of assimilating intelligence to the category of dispositional or semi-dispositional concepts. Far from being a dispositional concept, intelligence is an episodic concept that refers neither to dispositions nor to ‘knowing how,’ but to a fashion or style of proceeding whose significance is adverbial. Being derivative from the function of the adverb ‘intelligently,’ the concept of intelligence does not have essential reference to specific verbs but rather to the manner or style of proceeding of nearly any verb that is descriptive of the proceedings of an agent. Intelligence- words are expressive of a manner of doing things that may be narrated in one of two ways. The first takes the form of a series of contrasts which, when put together as a list of disjuncts, may be called the contrast-criteria of intelligence. The second may take the form of the characteristic activities which comprise the criteria of intelligence.

This subject is but a small part of the larger issue that is waged between dualists and materialists: whether the words used to ascribe mental qualities have a physical or "psychological" reference. Much of the literature concerned with this broader topic takes on the character of a general broadside against either the materialist or dualist position. When specific qualities of our mental life are discussed, it is discussed either in passing, or to make certain that they be assimiable to the general thesis being propounded. When Gilbert Ryle wrote of intelligence,(1) he was interested in making it out to be a dispositional concept (his technique for refuting dualism). Ryle's fear seemed to have been that if any mental concepts escape such dispositional analysis, then we may be forced to give way to dualism. The dualist's reaction was to withdraw from the dispositional analysis and to claim that " intelligence " can only make sense when it is ultimately linked to an alternative concept which presumably has reference to a "process" (the existence of which may be ascertained by a subjective avowal: intent, deliberation, reflective choice, etc.).

Whether this maneuver avoids the Rylean critique is subject to serious doubt. Each new term may itself have a problem concerning the "metaphysical" status of its referent: whether it is a physical or a "spiritual" process.

Another problem with this approach is that it often makes the concept of intelligence dependent on factors that may have no more than a casual relation to its meaning: a contextual connection, for example.

While a dispositional analysis of intelligence would effectively rescue it from entrapment inside "the ghost in the machine" it would fail to do the concept the justice that the dualist seeks for it, and that is to make the observation that it appears to be more an episodic than a dispositional concept.

It is in this connection that...

Find Another Essay On The Concept of Intelligence

The Types of Intelligence Essay

1155 words - 5 pages Howard Gardner created a theory called ‘The Multiple Intelligence Theory’, which states that every human being has nine types of intelligence that are unique to them. Gardner, a psychologist and Harvard graduate, created this theory in 1983 (“Multiple Intelligences”). The multiple intelligence theory originally consisted of seven types of intelligence but, later on, two more types were added (Collins). Each intelligence type reflects

The Theory of Intelligence Essay

777 words - 3 pages There are basically two camps on the theory of intelligence, how exactly to define intelligence is still debated. There are, however, two major schools of thought on its nature and properties. This paper examines and evaluates the two opposing theories on the nature of intelligence. The two opposing theories of intelligence are the one general intelligence school of thought and the multiple intelligences school of thought. The general

The Challenges of Intelligence

588 words - 2 pages Intelligence! Every day we hear statements like "You are not intelligent enough" or "Intelligent people do not do such things". But what actually is intelligence? Haven't we lost the meaning of this word on the road of every day usage? These and many more questions could be answered very simply by saying that intelligence is knowledge. However, as we know nothing in our world is simple. So it is normal to assume that intelligence is also a

The Burden of Intelligence

2433 words - 10 pages Everyone on Earth is dealt different hands. Some have been gifted with wealth; others are born into a world of very little. Lucky children have been welcomed into a loving family; others are merely one of several children, of whom only half will reach adulthood. Finally, a few are destined to be brilliant, while the rest are not as clever. When it comes to education and levels of intelligence, however, who really has been gifted? “Intelligence

Concept of the Automobile

646 words - 3 pages The invention of the automobile has been one of the greatest achievements of the 20th century. To mankind, it has been a definitive icon of independence and personal freedom. But with the birth of the automobile now comes the beginning of the concept vehicle.The invention started with the Tin Lizzies in the 1900's. Vehicles in the early days were produced to look the same. These vehicles looked like a box on wheels, similar to a horseless

The Concept of Beauty

971 words - 4 pages Throughout history beauty has remained a prevalent and dominate role in society. People, especially women, have strived to replicate society’s ideas of utmost beauty. Although today might be considered the age of materialistic beauty every era each had its one definition of beauty and created products and accessories to adorn themselves with. Every age is impacted by the idealistic concept of beauty. During the periods of 5000 BCE and 1500 AD

The concept of reflexivity

2375 words - 10 pages Seifeldin Soliman Advanced Writing in Disciplines Final DraftUnit Four: Investigating learning transfer: Reflexivity in actionAn Essential ReflectionDear Professor Noonan,The most challenging aspect of this project was understanding the concept of reflexivity. Qualley's passage explaining the concept guided me through what it was exactly. Although I wasn't well acquainted with the concept at first, I quickly realized that there were many

The Concept of Marriage

1041 words - 4 pages Marriage is the bonding between people by social union or legal contract. Marriage is when two people have a wedding ceremony to exchange vows before God and their family. People spend hundreds to thousands of dollars on wedding ceremonies for something they have no clue of what they are getting into. Different cultures have their own concept of marriage. I am going to explore the biblical and social concept of marriage. People enter into

The concept of mimesis

1432 words - 6 pages The idea of mimesis is that a certain medium is a representation of reality. The concept of mimesis extends to art, media, and other texts. Mimesis also creates a sense of false reality, as often the art appears and is can be taken as real as the real world. In Plato’s Allegory of the Cave, the concept of mimesis is explained and through analysis of the novel and several other pieces of work can the implications and effects of mimesis be grasped

The Concept of Identity

2426 words - 10 pages The Concept of Identity To answer this question, it is important to first understand what is meant by identity. Identity concerns both self-identity and social identity. It is best understood not as an entity but as an emotionally charged description of ourselves. It is about the personal and the social as well as about us and the relations of others. It has been argued that identity is wholly cultural in character and does not exist outside of

The Concept of Peace

991 words - 4 pages with yourself. In Islam the concept of peace is two-fold. Individuals must firstly be at peace with Allah and secondly, be at peace with themselves and the rest of the world. In Islam the concept of peace is closely connected to the idea of submission. Islam has particularly effective methods for guiding the individual towards attaining inner peace. The aim of Muslim adherents is to submit to Allah and in this submission peace is found. Muslims

Similar Essays

A Critical Summary Of The Concept Of Emotional Intelligence

804 words - 3 pages David Wechsler defined intelligence as " the aggregate or global capacity of the individual to act purposely, to think rationally, and to deal effectively with his environment", however the issue of intelligence has always managed to raise many debates and arguments within psychology. The very nature of intelligence makes it extremely difficult to define in any exact way."For many years the study of intelligence focused mainly on the adaptive

How Psychology Helps Us Understand The Concept Of Language And Intelligence As Related To Human Beings

1549 words - 6 pages How Psychology Helps Us Understand the Concept of Language and Intelligence as Related to Human Beings Psychology, the study of behaviour and mental processes concerns itself with the reasons organisms do what they do and how they behave in a particular way, For example why acquired skills are not lost when learnt ; Why do children rebel against parents and, why humans speak, love and fight each other. These examples of learning and

How Would You Explain The Concept Of Self Awareness / Empathy / Emotional Intelligence To Anot

1138 words - 5 pages How would you explain the concept of self-awareness / empathy / emotional intelligence to another person? Empathy is the ability to understand another person's viewpoint, to recognise and experience their feelings, and to be aware and understanding of their thoughts, from their perspective. When we are empathetic we allow ourselves to understand others and the intentions of others. Empathy requires that we connect with them and allows us to

The Sharing Of Intelligence Essay

521 words - 3 pages Since the attacks of September 11, an increase of intelligence sharing between various organizations in the intelligence community grew exponentially. Concerns over present and future threats are reasons for more intelligence sharing on an international scale. The benefits of sharing intelligence is to create better networks, have access to better information, and to help establish relationships between those involved. Although the act of