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The Theory Of Knowledge Essay

1686 words - 7 pages

"That which is accepted as knowledge today is sometimes discarded tomorrow." Is it ever truly knowledge if it can be simply discarded the next day? Or alternatively if knowledge can be dismissed or discarded then where is its value? Can certain sources of knowledge be more easily discarded due to how they are researched?

Some people wish for concrete evidence to prove or disprove an idea or belief and through this can arrive at what they believe is knowledge of a topic. Through the study of History, the Natural Sciences and the sensory perceptions, we will see that an idea or belief, which is held to be knowledge one day, can be discarded or altered in the years to come, between which there is a major difference of conservation and destruction. The natural sciences can be seen as areas of knowledge that consistently discard hypotheses and also change them. However in contrast can it be seen that the study of history is able to discard more or less knowledge? Along these lines how does this knowledge link to the areas of knowledge within the study of history?

Scientific claims and theories can be held as knowledge for a long period of time. In order to gain knowledge in the natural sciences that which is claimed to be knowledge must be rigorously challenged and must stand up to the test of time by other scientists. Nothing in the natural sciences can be seen as simply true as it cannot be proved as 100% true; this means that science simply aims to prove that theories are either false or not false. This is due to that which can be regarded as knowledge will often be disregarded or built upon. In the natural sciences hypotheses are first created and then they undergo rigorous testing to try and either prove or disprove the hypothesis. For example in chemistry we made the hypothesis that when potassium is added to water it reacts. We then tested this and came to the conclusion that it does react, thus believing we know this is what happened through a variety of ways including the use of our senses to measure and observe, and our reasoning to analyse data. After the hypotheses have been proved to be not false for an amount of time they become theories and are retained as not false until they may be proved wrong. Thus it should be said that in science the type of knowledge is as close as we can possibly get to the truth at the time of conception. This doesn’t mean that it is of any less value as it often leads us to further discoveries, a prime example being that of evolution. What it does imply though is that knowledge in the Sciences is transient. It can be seen that although the natural sciences discard many hypotheses and theories, such as Newton’s laws of physics and the Big Bang theory this often leads to the subject knowledge being further built upon and evolved.

Although Scientific claims and hypotheses are frequently discarded, they can also be slightly altered to make them not false. Most...

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