The Idea Of Morality Cannot Work Without The Existence Of God

1032 words - 4 pages

The Idea of Morality Cannot Work Without the Existence of God
Morality is the set of concepts about wha tis good or bad, right or
wrong, in human charater or conduct. God demands that moral judgements
are universal and based on religion. However, other schools of
thought, e.g. the ideology of Anarchy, claim that if this 'morality
made by god' is the case, then 'each person is his own god'. We must
first understand how morality 'works' and then see if this method of
working is possible without the existence of God.

The dictionary refers to morality as: 'moral principles or rules;
goodness or rightousness'. How does this definition apply to the real
world? How does society make it work? Historically, the church has
been the source of morality in all religions and texts like the Bible
and the Qu'ran set out 'rules' to abide by, for example the ten
commandments. It is the belief of Christians that to follow these
rules is to be morally correct. It would seem therefore that morality
as we know it has been formed by the church and therefore formed by
the belief of God. This is a strong argument that without the
existence of God, moral principles would never have been established
and therefore morality as we know it would not function.

However, in societies where Religion is not compulsery and is not
endorsed by many, are morals still held? Using Britain as an example,
i would say yes. I believe the state has replaced the church as the
imposer of morals through the law and making certain things socially
acceptable. For example, one of the 10 commandmants says 'thou shalt
not steal or thou shall go to hell'. The state today states 'thou
shalt not commit benefit fraud or thou shall go to prison'. It is
clear that the state has taken on responsibility for shaping morality
for the good of the society in general. This assertion is an argument
against the title of the essay because it indicates that another
institution other than God or the Church, namely society itself, can
perpetuate morality. However, one could counter this by pointing out
that society may not have been shaped without religion or the
existence of God.

Some groups argue that Morality does not come from any institution at
all but from instinct- instinct to be be positive and instinct to be
constructive and not destructive (much of God's morality as we know it
centres upon how to...

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