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The Ignition Of The Civil War

1143 words - 5 pages

The bloodiest war in U.S. history- the Civil War, a war between the Confederate states and the Union states on issues over slavery. Even before the birth of the United States of America, slaves had been the main source of labor; this system was accepted, and slaves were viewed as property. In the 1800s, many people began to oppose slavery, and became known as the abolitionists. The opposition heated the slavery debate, along with compromises and many events that intensified the different views of slavery. The final straw was the election of Abraham Lincoln as president, as the existence of slavery was threatened. As a result, most of the slave-owning southern states withdrew from the Union, ...view middle of the document...

..”(Deverell and White, United States History Independence to 1914) Due to contrasting political views of the compromise, it was believed that the northern and southern states were two separate nations with too many differences between them. Dissatisfied, the only solution would be a peaceful disunion with the South’s Secession. However, there could not be a peaceful secession, because many believed that the South did not have the right to secede. When the South sucessfully seceded, it angered the Lincoln, who fought to preserved Union. Since the Compromise of 1850 failed, a new attempt was made as the Kansas-Nebraska Act was passed. The act nullified the Missouri Compromise, because slavery was open to a territory even if it was above the slavery-abolishing 36o 30 latitude line. The Kansas-Nebraska Act sparked debates, where Abraham Lincoln declared, “this is the repeal of the Missouri Compromise...but I am sure it is sufficiently so for all the uses I shall attempt to make of it, and…..to correctly judge whether the repeal of the Missouri Compromise is right or wrong. I think, and shall try to show, that it is wrong; wrong in its direct effect, letting slavery into Kansas and Nebraska-and wrong in its prospective principle, allowing it to spread to every other part of the wide world, where men can be found inclined to take it.”(Lincoln, Excerpt from 1st Debate) Like many Northerners, Lincoln was outraged that the new act had nullified the previous compromise. He believed the Missouri Compromise should not be nullified whether it was constitutional or not. In addition, Lincoln believed that if slavery was allowed in the Mexican Cession, then slavery would spread everywhere. Like the Compromise of 1850, the Kansas-Nebraska Act also promoted political disunion. With tensions increasing from the compromise, a civil war was bound to occur. Therefore, the Compromise of 1850 and the Kansas-Nebraska Act proved to be leading political factors for the Civil War by increasing tension.
Social factors, like the Mexican-American War and the Abolition Movement, werel be the sparks that will ignite the Civil War. Disputes over the border of Mexico and United States started the Mexican-American War on May 13,1846. After two years of fighting, the war ended by signing the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidaldo, which forced Mexico to give up much of its land in what became known as the Mexican Cession. Many people, included Charles Sumner, opposed slavery in the Mexican Cession; he expressed...

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