This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Impact Of Age In Relation To Second Language Acquisition

2029 words - 9 pages

Language connects human beings together by providing them a way to express ideas and thoughts to one another. The continuous growth of interaction between countries requires a need for more multilingual people in the world, and the value of acquiring a second language can provide people with numerous activities not as easily adaptable for monolingual individuals. A major component of linguistics involves grammar, which are the rules of language. Grammar can be broken down into syntax and semantics. Syntax refers to the system of rules that governs how human beings combine words in order to create sentences, and semantics refers to the context of sentences and provides meaning to what it is ...view middle of the document...

By the time a person has reached puberty, the plasticity of the brain and the reorganizational capacities that are necessary to easily acquire language have decreased (Johnson and Newport, 62). Therefore, even if a child has not reached puberty, he will experience a greater difficulty in learning a second language as opposed to someone who is younger. In September of 2002, a Turkish family moved to Italy, with their two sons not knowing any Italian. Dilek Peçenek, who works in the Department of Linguistics at the University of Ankara in Turkey, studied this Turkish family and the journey the boys encountered in acquiring Italian as their second language. The older of the two children was eight years old, and the younger boy was five years old at the time of the study (Ankara 272). Despite the fact that both children had not yet reached puberty, they experienced different encounters with the language that supports the idea that the younger the child is, the easier a second language can become acquired. In less than a year, “[the older brother] had linguistic difficulties at school in his first months of exposure to Italian...he did not understand what his teacher was saying” (274). The mother, who was asked to write notes down in a journal of her sons’ progression recorded numerous times throughout several months in early 2003 that her older child refused to speak, despite his eventual understanding of the foreign language. While his speech lacked, his writing and reading of the language were at an average level with children his age, showing that he was at least acquiring the written language at the pace of a native speaker (274). As time progressed, however, the child’s mother wrote in her journal in October 2004, “[The older brother’s] pronunciation is better than mine and he speaks more fluently than me. I cannot catch up with his pace in Italian most of the time” (276). Within a little over one year, the progression made in Italian for the eight-year-old increased dramatically. A large portion of the difference occurred when he began to speak more in Italian instead of relying on Turkish to convey his thoughts. The mother, who in Turkey worked as an Italian teacher for ten years at a language center and is a proficient speaker of Italian, had been surpassed by her child as a more advanced speaker of the language, all within less than two years of him encountering the second language (272). As much progress as the older child made in acquiring his second language, however, his younger brother had an even more successful progression into native-proficiency of Italian. In November of 2002, the child’s mother wrote in her journal, “[The younger brother] did not have any problems with linguistic and social adaptation in preschool...He began to understand conversations during the very first week” (280). Comparatively, the younger child achieved near native-proficiency almost instantly, while his brother gained the same level of distinction nearly...

Find Another Essay On The Impact of Age in Relation to Second Language Acquisition

Second Language Acquisition essay

2391 words - 10 pages SECOND LANGUAGE ACQUISITION ASSIGNMENTFaced with the reality that few students attain the native-like competence the following question arises what are the root causes of this problem?. Many researchers agree in that L2 learners are bad at L2 learning, in spite of the fact that they make an effort to improve their speech, by imitation, they still have a foreign accent, or they make mistakes when they apply the rules of grammar in their writings

Second Language Acquisition Essay

2014 words - 8 pages Introduction Through the years, language teachers, psychologists and others have had varying ideas of how languages are learned. Second language acquisition has multiple models, including cognitive based models, sociocultural models, and models regarding input and interaction. In this paper, my goal is to take one prominent model of SLA, the interactionist model, and determine how this model actually plays out in the classroom. I seek to answer

Krashen’s Hypotheses of Second Language Acquisition

1678 words - 7 pages the four remaining hypotheses. The second hypothesis is called the natural order hypothesis. This theory expresses that, during first- or second-language acquisition (though not necessarily second-language learning), the beginner will master grammatical structures in a specific, inflexible order. To give an example, one of the first English structures that a beginner acquires is the creation of a plural noun by adding the letter

First and Second Language Acquisition

1339 words - 5 pages changes during puberty. There are three main physical changes one undergoes in regards to language acquisition. The first is the presence of muscular plasticity. A child's plasticity goes away at about the age of five. After this age it is very hard for a learner to fully master pronunciation of a second language. The second change is one's memorization capabilities. It is fairly well known that as a person grows older their ability to hold

SECOND LANGUAGE ACQUISITION FOR LEARNERS

1196 words - 5 pages Teaching and acquiring second foreign languages are necessary to have various knowledge that relate to different ways or methodologies. As a known initially the people have (L1.) mother tongue after the birth. It is learned from the way of audition and this acquisition starts with maternity and infanthood. The mother tongue learners learn the main rules and patterns which is L1. Therefore, second language acquisition becomes impalpable. Most of

Impact of Impaired Hearing on Language Acquisition

564 words - 3 pages use of ‘Makaton’ to aid visual cues, is discussed by Mistrya & Barnes (2012) who refer also to the impact this makes on language acquisition by the hearing children with Speech Language and Communication Needs (SLCN) as well. In conclusion this detailed chapter reiterates, with previous authors in this bibliography, the importance of early identification by the practitioner/professional to enable intervention to be put into place. However this will not take place without the appropriate training and interagency discussions.

Addressing Challenges on Acquisition of Reading Comprehension to Second Language English Speakers

1818 words - 8 pages Addressing challenges on acquisition of reading comprehension to second language English speakers. Where does the gap lie? Background to the study In our country, South Africa, we know that we are faced with so many socio-economic issues Some of these issues are poverty, high crime, HIV/AIDS epidemic, child-headed families, abuse in the family, illiterate parents and alcoholic parents just to name a few. These social make it even harder for us

How do teachers apply the second language acquisition approaches?

938 words - 4 pages Now days it is essential to acquire a second language which let people interact with other cultures, in a global world, as it is known, there are different approaches related to a second language acquisition, but how are they practiced in a real classroom? To get a general idea which can potentially clarify this question, two classes were exanimated to compare and contrast theory and practice. Here the descriptions and results: First of all

Comparing first and second language acquisition

1866 words - 7 pages Essay«Comparing first and second language acquisition»«Comparing first and second language acquisition»Language acquisition is the subdiscipline of applied linguistics and the area of researches of psycholinguistic.Language acquisition is "picking up' a language, not learning it consciously but by being exposed to it in natural situations (e.g. as a child learns its first language). Often contrasted with language learning

Comparing first and second language acquisition

1866 words - 7 pages Essay«Comparing first and second language acquisition»«Comparing first and second language acquisition»Language acquisition is the subdiscipline of applied linguistics and the area of researches of psycholinguistic.Language acquisition is "picking up' a language, not learning it consciously but by being exposed to it in natural situations (e.g. as a child learns its first language). Often contrasted with language learning

The Process of Language Acquisition in Childhood

2953 words - 12 pages referential context at age twelve months, which is approximately the same age in which a hearing able child produces his/her first word (Goldin-Meadow, 2006). Children learning sign begin to produce two sign sentences at the same time hearing able children produce their first two-string sentences, which occurs roughly in the middle of the second year of life (Goldin-Meadow, 2006). Children appear to be flexible in the language acquisition

Similar Essays

The Impact Of Culture On Second Language Acquisition

959 words - 4 pages concerning the language learning difficulties from different perspectives. One of the theories to explain second language acquisition issues from the sociocultural/sociolinguistic point of view is Brown’s (1980) Optimal distance Model, which is in parallel with Schumann’s (1986) Acculturation Model. Brown (1980) and Schumann (1986) state that both second language learning difficulties and the level of mastery in that language can be determined

Second Language Acquisition In Childhood Essay

1254 words - 5 pages Children acquire their native language, which fall within a wide range of languages, at a very early stage of development. During development, a child begins to show signs of verbal communication, usually starting out as cooing, babbling, recognizable words, and later two or more word sentences. This occurrence is also seen in the development of second languages. Second language acquisition is the study of how second languages are typically

Second Language Acquisition Essay

3332 words - 13 pages are part of this new culture and that they feel a cordial welcoming from this outgroup; but if none of these intentions are met then learners will not have an effective and productive learning acquisition process. Social identity is another sociolinguistic issue that has a great impact in second language competence. Social identity is the way in which learners understand themselves in relation to others, and how they view their past and their

Second Language Acquisition Essay

3146 words - 13 pages makes the point that CF can demotivate students “even students who believe that correction is a necessary part of learning do not enjoy the sight of red ink all over their writing” (Truscott, 1996:p. 354). Students when they see their errors might avoid attempting complex structures and instead only write in simpler sentences which are grammatically correct in order to avoid mistakes. Truscott (1996) points out how Second language acquisition (SLA