The Impact of Climate Change and Hostile International Relations on the Philippines
The Republic of the Philippines, an island country located in the Malay archipelago in Southeast Asia, including 7,107 islands, known as Philippine Archipelago, has a total area of nearly 300,000 square kilometers. The country, named "Las Islas Felipinas" after King Philip II of Spain, fell prey to Spanish colonialism in 1565 (Jezek, 2006). In nowadays, Philippines is still a developing country, therefore it has a numbers of problems that can lead itself to collapse, referring to the 5 point framework that can lead society to collapse of Jared Diamond, which is human impact on the environment, climate change, relationship with friendly society, relationship with hostile society and society’s response to the problem (Diamond,2003). This essay will analyse that 2 most serious problems that can lead philippines to collapse and solutions to those problems. Which the problems in this case is climate change and relationships with hostile society.
Overall situation of Philippines in the present time can be conclude as a country that is facing a high risk of collapse because of these factors. The Philippines is base not a petroleum-rich region, but the land in the region is full of many minerals. There are an estimated 21.5 billion metric tons of metal deposits and approximately 19.3 billion metric tons of nonmetal minerals in the ground. Nickel is the most plentiful deposit in the Philippines, while iron and copper are also present in a massive amounts.(Morgan, nd) As a result, there is a human impact on the environment in terms of mining. The Philippines is also a country that prone to natural disaster because of its location(Benson,97). Relationship with friendly society is one of the Philippines’ advantage, because of reputation in labour supply for all over the world. Philippines is having a good relationship with other countries. However, in the present time, the Philippines is between a conflict with China and Vietnam in the subject of territorial disputes. In summary, the 2 most serious problems of the Philippines is climate change and relationships with hostile societies.
First of all, climate change which is the framework number 2 will be analysed. The Republic of the Philippines (RP) is located in Southeast Asia. It borders the Philippine Sea and the Pacific Ocean on the east, the South China Sea on the west and north, and the Celebes Sea and the coastal waters of Borneo on the south (Asian disaster reduction center(ADRC), n.d.). Which is a location of Ring of Fire. The Ring of Fire is a string of volcanoes and sites of seismic activity, or earthquakes, around the edges of the Pacific Ocean.(“Ring of Fire”,n.d.)Therefore Philippines is a country that prone to natural disaster such as earthquake and volcanic eruption. In addition, The Philippines are nowadays facing all types of natural hazard and is widely known as one of the most hazard-prone countries...