This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Impact Of Culture On Second Language Acquisition

959 words - 4 pages

Introduction
The issue of English language learning has been always a controversial one for almost all non-English language countries around the world these days. However, it seems language learning difficulties are not restricted to those who attempt to learn English. This is the same issue when an English speaker attempts to learn another language especially the Middle Eastern or Asian Languages. There are several hypotheses and theories concerning the language learning difficulties from different perspectives. One of the theories to explain second language acquisition issues from the sociocultural/sociolinguistic point of view is Brown’s (1980) Optimal distance Model, which is in parallel with Schumann’s (1986) Acculturation Model. Brown (1980) and Schumann (1986) state that both second language learning difficulties and the level of mastery in that language can be determined within the period of culture adaptation known as acculturation (Brown, 1980; Schumann, 1986).

Statement of the Problem
As Hidasi (2004) indicates, there is a hypothesis suggesting the existence of an intensive correlation of communication tactics as well as teaching-learning tactics, which are all acquired during childhood as a part of the subconscious culture (Hidasi, 2004:1). In other words, the notion of learning as well as teaching can differ depending on the culture. Apparently this is not easy to interpret culture. According to Brown (2007), culture refers to customs, beliefs and ideas which represent a particular group of people in a particular period of time (Brown, 2007:380). To learn a new language, in fact, is to learn a new culture. Better to say, language learners go through a process of developing identical relations between cultural representatives, which affects their feeling, thinking and acting pattern (Brown, 2007). Accordingly, this can be presumed that there is a culture acquisition process parallel with the language learning process. In fact, the term acculturation refers to this adjustment process to the new culture or as mentioned acquisition of the new culture (Spackman, 2010). Seemingly, Brown (1980) and Schumann (1986) have employed this term when describing the Optimal Distance Model and the Acculturation Model. They, also, defined motivation as an instrumental factor regarding acculturation (Spackman, 2010; Schumann, 1986).

Optimal Distance Model
Based on the critical period theory, the natural factor to limit the language acquisition process in the brain is age. However, Brown (1980) stated that acculturation is the main defining factor regarding the critical period. He proposed the Optimal Distance Model, defining acculturation as the most optimal stance to acquire a second language for a second language learner. Brown (1980) also suggested that there is a certain period within acculturation for learners to master the second language and that is the Optical Period (Brown, 1980). Cultural adjustment or acculturation come...

Find Another Essay On The Impact of Culture on Second Language Acquisition

Second Language Acquisition Essay

3146 words - 13 pages ). Awareness and second language acquisition. Annual review of applied linguistics, 13(1), 206-226. 28. Sheen, Y. (2007). The effect of focused written corrective feedback and language aptitude on ELS learners’ acquisition of articles. TESOL Quarterly, 41(2), 255-284 29. Straub, R. (1997). Students' reactions to teacher comments: An exploratory study. Research in the Teaching of English, 91-119. 30. TeachawayInc (2005) Preparatory year programmes (PYP

Second Language Acquisition Essay

2014 words - 8 pages Introduction Through the years, language teachers, psychologists and others have had varying ideas of how languages are learned. Second language acquisition has multiple models, including cognitive based models, sociocultural models, and models regarding input and interaction. In this paper, my goal is to take one prominent model of SLA, the interactionist model, and determine how this model actually plays out in the classroom. I seek to answer

Krashen’s Hypotheses of Second Language Acquisition

1678 words - 7 pages civilizations millennia old). Clearly, language teaching methodology was in a poor situation. In 1983, however, Krashen published the results of an unprecedented body of research and paved the way for a revolution in our field. His five-point hypothesis focused on the difference between the acquisition of and the learning of a second language. Krashen has his detractors, of course, not the least of whom are American school districts, which

Second Language Acquisition in Childhood

1254 words - 5 pages principles acquired during the development of his/her native language to facilitate the development of a second language. Additional research by Kohnert (2008) suggests that in most circumstances, “second language (L2) learners vary in their maturational states, first language (L1) ability, world experience, and reasons for L2 acquisition”. Since research suggest that a child’s first or native language has potential effects on the

First and Second Language Acquisition

1339 words - 5 pages in this paper. The first area of difference between first (L1) and second (L2) language learning is input – specifically the quality and quantity of input. It is the idea of the "connectionist model that implies... (that the) language learning process depends on the input frequency and regularity" (5).. It is here where one finds the greatest difference between L1 and L2 acquisition. The quantity of exposure to a target language a child gets is

SECOND LANGUAGE ACQUISITION FOR LEARNERS

1196 words - 5 pages Teaching and acquiring second foreign languages are necessary to have various knowledge that relate to different ways or methodologies. As a known initially the people have (L1.) mother tongue after the birth. It is learned from the way of audition and this acquisition starts with maternity and infanthood. The mother tongue learners learn the main rules and patterns which is L1. Therefore, second language acquisition becomes impalpable. Most of

Addressing Challenges on Acquisition of Reading Comprehension to Second Language English Speakers

1818 words - 8 pages Addressing challenges on acquisition of reading comprehension to second language English speakers. Where does the gap lie? Background to the study In our country, South Africa, we know that we are faced with so many socio-economic issues Some of these issues are poverty, high crime, HIV/AIDS epidemic, child-headed families, abuse in the family, illiterate parents and alcoholic parents just to name a few. These social make it even harder for us

How do teachers apply the second language acquisition approaches?

938 words - 4 pages Now days it is essential to acquire a second language which let people interact with other cultures, in a global world, as it is known, there are different approaches related to a second language acquisition, but how are they practiced in a real classroom? To get a general idea which can potentially clarify this question, two classes were exanimated to compare and contrast theory and practice. Here the descriptions and results: First of all

Comparing first and second language acquisition

1866 words - 7 pages even narrower sense, the (essentially) non-directed acquisition of a second language before the acquisition of the first language has been completed.Second language acquisition research concentrates on the acquisition of a foreign language, in a natural environment as opposed to acquisition directed through classroom instruction.Behaviorist theories (behaviorism) explain second language acquisition according to general laws of behavior

Comparing first and second language acquisition

1866 words - 7 pages even narrower sense, the (essentially) non-directed acquisition of a second language before the acquisition of the first language has been completed.Second language acquisition research concentrates on the acquisition of a foreign language, in a natural environment as opposed to acquisition directed through classroom instruction.Behaviorist theories (behaviorism) explain second language acquisition according to general laws of behavior

The Impact of Evolution and Culture on English Language Differences in the Genders

1744 words - 7 pages . “Evolutionary psychology has been described as a new ‘science of human nature’” (Cameron 3). Being born male or being born female may as much of an impact on a person’s language as the culture he or she are raised in. This is an example of the nature versus nurture debate. Evolution (sex) is the nature aspect and society (gender) is the nurture impact. So, is one’s mind born male or female or is it born as a blank slate? According to Cameron, the human mind

Similar Essays

The Impact Of Age In Relation To Second Language Acquisition

2029 words - 9 pages Illinois provided in their case study, “Critical Period Effects in Second Language Learning: The Influence of Maturational State on the Acquisition of English as a Second Language” that, “some investigators have suggested that a critical period theory must predict that children are better than adults at learning second languages” (63). In order to prove or disprove the idea that children are able to better acquire second languages at a higher rate

Impact Of Impaired Hearing On Language Acquisition

564 words - 3 pages Although there are many difficulties such as Autism, Cerebral Palsy, Apraxia, English as an Additional Language (EAL), Stuttering and Selective Mutism, all of which impact greatly on language acquisition, Cherry (2011) focuses on impaired hearing, providing not only an overview of the condition but also the means with which to positively impact on language acquisition. Bercow (2008) as previously discussed refers to the importance of

Second Language Acquisition Essay

3332 words - 13 pages , religion, status, gender, level of language knowledge and how all these factors have an impact on second language learning process. The Acculturation Model which is a likely reason for the failure of second language competence refers to the process of adjustment to a new culture, on how new language learners acclimatize not only to the target language but also to the culture of that language. This model refers to immigrants that are in second language

Second Language Acquisition Essay

2391 words - 10 pages SECOND LANGUAGE ACQUISITION ASSIGNMENTFaced with the reality that few students attain the native-like competence the following question arises what are the root causes of this problem?. Many researchers agree in that L2 learners are bad at L2 learning, in spite of the fact that they make an effort to improve their speech, by imitation, they still have a foreign accent, or they make mistakes when they apply the rules of grammar in their writings