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The Impact Of Domestic Violence On Children

2183 words - 9 pages

From as long as our history can remember, America has been littered with the disease of domestic violence. Domestic violence is the act of abusing or being abused (physically, verbally, or mentally) by someone you live with. Consequently, the rate of children witnessing domestic violence has soared through the roofs to about 3 billion each year. Because domestic violence usually takes place at home, it psychologically alternates the state of children and creates huge impacts on them, their lives, and their futures.
Several types of domestic violence we usually hear describing domestic violence include physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional abuse, and extortion. Physical abuse is the most common type of violence. This involves punching, kicking, pushing, attacking, and more. I found out that physical abuse is more possible to take place at home than anywhere else. “About three-fourths of all family violence occurred in or near the victim's residence.” (bjs.gov) The fact that the abuse takes place at home is probably the reason that most cases of physical abuse are never reported. The toll on a child to keep this kind of secrecy can range from, but not limited to social impairment to violent behavior.

Although physical abuse is the most recognized and recalled form of domestic violence, sexual abuse on a child is the most common, and despite the fact that 91 percent of sexual abuse is committed by a non-family member, it still takes place in the child’s home. This kind of activity can drastically change the behavior and judgment of children with their sexuality, self-esteem, and overall outlook on life. Other effects include withdrawal, depression, low self-esteem, difficulty forming healthy relationships of any kind, and more. Because of physical abuse, children’s behavior gets out of control, and has a great impact on their future. Studies have also shown that children who witness abuse and violence also have a higher chance than other children of the same age of acting aggressively.
Witnessing domestic violence can later escalate to children progressing in a great deal of negative effects. Research on this topic has directed its focus on the cognitive, behavioral, and emotional effects of domestic violence. As I mentioned before, children who witness violence in the home and children who are abused may display numerous similar psychological effects. These same children are at greater risk for internalized behaviors such as anxiety and depression, and for externalized behaviors such as fighting, bullying, lying, or cheating. They can also be more rebellious at home and at school, and are more likely to have social competence problems, like not doing well in school and experiencing troubles in relationships with others. (Safehorizon.org)
Emotional abuse is when someone discourages you and makes you feel like nothing. It is the second most common type of domestic violence. Emotional abuse and extortion strongly relate to bullying....

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