The Impact of EU Migration Policies on African Countries
The European Union (EU) has established definitive migration objectives that have
consistently been reinforced through migration policy (Reslow, 2012). Even though the EU
continues to work to improve migration policies, Reslow contends that this is often done without
a clear understanding of how policies impact nations with citizens seeking to migrate.
Deficiencies in knowledge with regard to the impact of migration policies on other nations limit
the ability of officials within the European Union to change, alter, and improve migration
policies (Reslow, 2012). Thus, without efforts to examine the impact of EU migration policies on
specific countries, the European Union will continue to lack essential knowledge that may be
helpful for meeting migration policy objectives (Reslow, 2012).
Statement of the Problem
Based on this insight, it becomes evident that there is a clear impetus to better understand
how EU migration policies impact various countries. Access to data regarding the impact of EU
migration policies appears to have significant implications for improving these policies and
creating a foundation that makes it possible for the European Union to achieve its migration
objectives (Reslow, 2012). The case of African countries and the impact of EU migration
policies on these entities are of specific concern. As reported by Castles (2009) EU migration
policies regarding African nations represent a quagmire of sorts. Specifically, this author argues,
“measures taken by the European Union and its member states are often designed to reduce
[population flows from Africa]—often in the guise of well-meaning development policies” (p.
Purpose of the Research
Based on this statement of the problem, it becomes evident that the migration policies
implemented by the EU have a mixed impact on African nations. Although it is evident that the
EU is seeking to establish migration policies that will ensure the sustained and effective
development of the European Union as a whole, these policies appear to create some significant
challenges for African nationals seeking migration to the EU. With this in mind, the purpose of
the current investigation is to evaluate the impact of EU migration policies on African countries.
Specifically, the research is aimed at understanding how EU migration policies facilitate and
prevent the migration of African citizens as they seek to move to various member states in the
European Union. By examining the full effect of EU migration policies on African states it will
be possible to provide a more integral understanding of how EU migration policy works in
practice and actually impacts those individuals moving from African countries.
The significance of the research lies in the ability of the results to provide a
comprehensive understanding of how policy works in practice. As noted by Castles (2009) much
of the migration policy developed by the EU for...