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The Impact Of Globalization On State Relationships

846 words - 3 pages

"Globalization, both as an ideology and process, has become the dominant political, economical and cultural force in the 21st century." Quote from "Globalism: The New Market Ideology" by Manfred D.Steger, Page 6 One of the biggest questions currently asked in international politics seeks to determine the role that globalization plays in world and its effect on state relationships. While there is debate about the extent to which globalization is occurring and influencing international relations, there is no doubt that countries are becoming more integrated. Simple integration, or "exchange across borders," however, is not the same as globalization, which involves the "breaking down barriers." While globalization has many dimensions, economic integration is particularly interesting since it holds the greatest promise for preventing future wars. The period before the First World War was characterized by a similar period of economic integration that caused political scientists, such as Norman Angell, to speculate that war had become impossible, yet only a few years later World War I broke out. In order to determine if war will again stop the processes of globalization and economic integration, one must compare the foundation of economic integration before the War and its resulting collapse to current economic integration. In doing so, one finds that the establishment and maintenance of international institutions after World War II through the Cold War until today sets standards of behavior, encourages international discussion about ideas, and promotes democratic values, all of which help prevent future war. However the main reason that states join such institutions is for economic benefit in the form of fewer tariff and nontariff barriers to trade. For these reasons institutions link economic and political issues in such a way that states are willing to give up "not just some of their economic sovereignty, but political sovereignty" (Nye, 215) so that peace is a realistic hope.
Post-Cold War international relations focused on preventing a third world war. Most wars are followed by a period of order, so the peace directly after the Cold War is not surprising, rather difficulty arises in making a lasting peace. According to realist theory this task is left to the preponderant power. The United States, who had become the hegemon of the new unipolar system decided to do this by establishing international institutions. John J. Mearsheimer defines "institutions as a set of rules that stipulate the ways in which states should cooperate and compete with each other," and these rules are "standards of behavior defined in terms of rights and obligations."4 Three theories of institutionalism, liberal institutionalism, collective security, and critical theory, arose, all of...

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