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The Impact Of Illegal Drugs Essay

693 words - 3 pages

These days, drugs and alcohol can be found just about anywhere. Many people are tempted by the excitement or escape that drugs and alcohol seem to offer. However, the risks associated with that temptation far outweigh the benefits. Continuous use of these substances comes with short-term and even long-term effects. These effects can impact someone’s mental and physical health, personal life, relationships, and professional career in a negative way.
A drug is any chemical or substance that brings about psychological or physical changes. The most common types of drugs that people use are categorized under stimulants, depressants, hallucinogens and opioids. While the effect of each group of drugs is different, they are all harmful to the body in some way. For example, someone high on stimulants may experience an increase in energy that is caused by the drugs speeding up the body’s metabolism and heart rate. Since these drugs increase the heart rate, blood pressure is also increased as a result. On the other hand, someone who uses depressants can feel relaxed, but will also experience fatigue as a result. The severity of drug side effects typically depends on a person’s age, gender, weight and overall health.
Cocaine is an illegal drug that is responsible for more hospital visits than any other drug in the world. This stimulant is made from the leaves of the coca shrub, which grows in South American countries like Peru, Bolivia and Columbia. The most common form of cocaine is a crystalline white powder, which is inhaled through the nostrils. Snorting cocaine can take longer to affect the body, but leads to a longer high, while injecting or smoking it has a more rapid effect, but lasts only five to ten minutes. Cocaine acts quite rapidly on the brain. It interferes with brain nerves and keeps brain chemicals like dopamine and serotonin from being properly absorbed. Being high on cocaine is described as a feeling of euphoria, which includes increased energy and an elevated mood. Other short-term effects may include feelings of anxiety, restlessness,...

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