The Impact Of Industrialization Essay

593 words - 3 pages

Industrialization describes the process through which a country or society transforms itself from an agricultural society into a manufacturing one. This was a time of great economic, technological, and social changes that started first in Great Britain after 1750, and throughout Europe. Industrialization continues today in developing states. During the period of 1750 to 1900, Industrialization had a major impact on changes in the social structure, working and living conditions, and technological advancements.
Throughout time, the social structure was changing. It created the middle classes. Before industrialization, it mainly consisted of nobility and the peasants. The social structure during industrialization consisted of the upper, upper middle, lower middle, and the lower class. The upper middle class consisted of factory owners, business professionals, entrepreneurs, doctors and lawyers. The lower middle class mainly consisted of managers and small shop owners. The lower class consisted of the urban working class and small farmers. Before, nobility owned all the land and the peasants worked on it. As industrialization was spreading, the middle class grew larger and the working class grew more poor. They emerged partly due to the fact that the factories were created by the upperclassmen. The upper middle class owned factories, and the lower middle classes worked for them. In behalf of the technological advancements and inventions, farm families had to move to the cities, known as urbanization.
During the period of Industrialization, there were technological advances. New technology invented made production work much more cheaper and faster. In behalf of production increasing, entrepreneurs needed a faster and cheaper way of moving goods. Their solution was transportation. The steam locomotive was the start of growth of railroads. Soon afterwards, the steam boat was created so traveling was...

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