The Impact Of Martin Luther On The Church

1287 words - 5 pages

Introduction
Martian Luther was born to a German family in 1483. His father was born a peasant, but raised to own a Coppermine. Because of this he was determined to see Martin Luther go into the civil services. By the time he was 19 he had earned his first bachelors degree, and planed to continue with a masters in law. However in 1505 there was a terrible storm, and lightening bolt struck near him. Upon this he cried out “Help, St. Anne! I’ll become a monk”. Because of how religious everyone was during that time, if a person promised something to a saint or god, they had to keep it, or otherwise they would go to hell.

When he was a monk, Brother Martin dedicated his life to please God, and serve others by praying for them. However, the more he prayed for god, and worked in his name, the more aware he became of his sinfulness. Because of this, Johann von Staupitz, his superior decided that he needed something to distract Luther. Staupitz ordered him to pursue an academic career and so he began to teach theology. He also earned a bachelor’s degree in Biblical studies.

With this new education Luther was able to understand that the salvation is a gift of god’s grace, received by faith and trust in god’s promise to forgive sins.

Issues of the time
Religious
During Martin Luther’s time as a Monk, The Catholic Church began to sell Indulgences. Indulgences are the reconciliation of one’s sin against the church, securing a place in heaven. However, Luther realised that the way to salvation was not by having indulgences, and promises from the church, but what you do yourself. Luther was so outraged with these ideas that the church was creating that he wrote a theses also known as the 95 theses, and put in to the church door at Wittenberg.

The 95 Theses’ ideas were simple, but very shocking: It criticised the pope’s purpose for making the money, stating “he is richer than Croesus, who would do better to sell St. Peters and give the money to the poor people”

One of the reasons this became such a problem was due to the newly invented printing press. With this advancing in technology, Luther’s word was able to get across to everyone much more quickly and successfully. Everyone had access to these Theses, even the pope received a copy, but he was unimpressed and directed the Augustinian order to deal with the situation.

In April 1518, the next meeting of the Augustinians, Martin Luther was invited, and in turn feared for his life. He had good reason to do so as Heresy, or an opinion that is against the church could cost people their lives. However, many of Luther’s fellow friars agreed with him, and what was in his theses.

Martin Luther didn’t agreed with what the church was doing, and once he had publicised his beliefs, he found that many people agreed with him. Unfortunately the church didn’t agree with him, and continued to sell indulgences. This caused an issue within the church that Martin Luther...

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