The Impact Of 19th Century European Imperialism In Africa

1134 words - 5 pages

European Imperialism heavily impacted the African continent through culturally, economic, and political ideas. This era of history is heavily drenched in the aspect of ethnocentrism, which is the belief that one’s own culture is superior that of another. The Europeans colonized Africa believing that they could bring civilization, but they were often ignorant of Africa’s very complex societies. The European powers divided up the continent of Africa among themselves, without any consent from the people who actually lived there. The tribal stratification was changed to a caste system where racial, ethnic, and religious differences were of utmost importance, as delegated by European rule. The structure and business of the African economy was directed by what the colonial powers felt was necessary. The European powers interjected in the African society and inflicted them with their supposedly superior way of life.
The slave trade was one important method that the Europeans used to dominate the Africa. Even though the slave trade was beginning to decline by the early 19th century, it gave the Europeans a pass into the whole continent, enabling them to divide the land as they pleased. The division of land was not void of wars and resistance. The Europeans stole the land from the Africans, and imposed their way of life into African society. Imperialists brought military technology along with them, decreasing the likelihood that the Africans could resist their forces of ethnocentric civilization.
To make matters worse, each country in Europe wanted their own share of the African continent. The imperial powers reached an agreement over the available land in Africa at the Berlin Conference in 1884 and 1885. They consented that to implant a name to the appropriated zone, the colonial power must display that they are able to demonstrate colonial control over the area. But, if this goal were not reached, then a rival imperial power may revoke the colony and the rights to that land area. The most effective way for imperial powers to control African colonies, was to use their military and advanced military technologies. Through military control, came the machine gun which enabled the Europeans to control large groups of people in Africa. This form of control often resulted in death for numerous African citizens.
To maintain control over Africa, the Europeans formed administrative outposts, which were areas for colonies to grow and flourish. The outposts often preceded the colony, as they were managed as areas for influence and commercial impact. But there was not sufficient money within the colonies to provide for the outposts, so only moderate numbers were built. The outposts enabled the European powers to further influence African society with their way of life and to have a local, residential power. The European powers made agreements with the ruler of the African state or community. As compensation for cooperation and for instilling authorities, the...

Find Another Essay On The Impact of 19th Century European Imperialism in Africa

European Imperialism in Africa Essay

1372 words - 5 pages keep their empires going and what they didn’t find in Europe, they’d find in Africa. These economic reasons further lead the European powers to carve out pieces of Africa for themselves in search of resources this would lead to new businesses being set up in Africa, leading to a thriving economy and quick advancement of the great powers of Europe. The economic reasons were also accompanied be political reasons. Imperialism was also accompanied

Winds of Change: European Imperialism in Africa

1352 words - 6 pages have played sports against them growing up and you do your shopping there. You know that the citizens of that town are tough individuals and would not be easily defeated. The tribes of the lower Niger River had experienced these same things in the late 19th century. Although they were not invaded by aliens, they were invaded by foreigners. They were invaded by Christian missionaries from England. The natives did not believe the stories of their

The Effects of European Imperialism on Africa

1069 words - 4 pages elsewhere around the world -- that wished to acquire new territories and, in so doing, gain status and boost their economies. A notable example of the extent to which a need for expansion took hold of Europe is the Scramble for Africa -- an event that can be considered a prominent display of active imperialism. During the turn of the 20th century, Africa was divided up by the major imperialistic powers of Europe (as well as some non-European countries

What Attracted European Imperialism To Africa & To Asia In The Late Nineteenth Century

1641 words - 7 pages Mortimer Chambers et al define imperialism as a European state's intervention in and continuing domination over a non-European territory. During the 'Scramble for Africa' in the late nineteenth century, the most powerful European nations desired to conquer, dominate and exploit African colonies with the hope of building an empire. According to Derrick Murphy, in 1875 only ten percent of Africa was occupied by European states. Twenty years later

The colonialism and imperialism in China in the 19th century

895 words - 4 pages had no involvement in China, which led to the "Open Door Policy" which stated that all nations should have an equal opportunity at China.What are the characteristics of 19th century imperialism in China?In politics, foreign imperialist occupation of the land of China, and gradually establish potential power range, such as the Treaty of Nanking. In addition, foreign consular jurisdiction also achieved through war to erode the autonomy of

The Effects of European Imperialism on South Africa

2106 words - 8 pages : African, Afrikaners, and the mixed race. The Afrikaners and mixed races have many roots to Europe and Asia giving the nation even more diversity and a culture melting pot. This set the nation apart from the rest of the African nation in which the majority of the residents are of native African descent (Virk 38). There has been no mixing of cultures or ideas in the nations as there has been in South Africa. South Africa has less problems with

American expansion in the 19th century was an act of aggressive imperialism, not manifest destiny

773 words - 3 pages under Mexico's jurisdiction. In each of these cases, the opportunity existed to further expand the United States, but more aggressive measures were not taken. America did not have to have any of this additional land.I feel that the idea of manifest destiny is simply a way to rationalize the United States practice of imperialism in North America. None of the land gained in the 19th century was given to the U.S., it was taken using force and often

European Imperialism in Africa. By Nicole Robichaud

636 words - 3 pages The grade i got on this essay last year was an 89. This year my friend handed this essay in to the same teacher in the same course, and got a 93.European Imperialism in Africa"Black people could be made to be equal to white people through two gifts of European society, Christianity and commerce." This quote said by Sir David Livingston reveals his intents and thoughts on the black people of Africa. People will argue whether or not this statement

Imperialism and the Conquest of Africa -History of the European conquest for Africa (1870-1914) -Brief overview of Imperialism in general -Key people in the European conquest of Africa

1472 words - 6 pages and Change, page 569). The starting point of this major change in the world began with the European conquest of Africa.Most European's contacts with Africa before the Imperialism Movement of 1870 were only on the coast of Africa. Really, it was only in Southern Africa where Europeans had any control. In 1652, the Dutch had established some small colonies in South Africa. These original Dutch settlers became to be known as Boers. They had

19th Century- European Explorers

704 words - 3 pages Krapf and Johann Rebmann, of the snow-clad mountains of Kilimanjaro and Kenya, stimulated in Europe the desire for further knowledge.At this period, the middle of the 19th century, Protestant missions were carrying on active propaganda on the Guinea coast, in South Africa and in the Zanzibar dominions. Their work, largely beneficent, was being conducted in regions and among peoples little known, and in many instances missionaries turned explorers and

Impact of Imperialism in Africa Case Study: Congo

3954 words - 16 pages Impact of Imperialism in AfricaCase Study: CongoAuthor:History 110 - World HistoryThe imperial campaigns to establish the Congo Free State are remembered for incorporating the most drastic measures of exploitation; subjecting the Congolese to many of the worst war crimes documented in imperial Africa. This was harnessed by their European colonizers, the Belgians. Joseph Conrad's Heart of Darkness recollects the dark stories of Marlow by

Similar Essays

Negative Affects Of Imperialism In Africa In The 19th Century

1913 words - 8 pages Throughout history, imperialism by one nation on another has had many negative influences on the nation being colonized. The legacy of European imperialism in Africa in the 19th century was negative. Imperialism negatively affected Africa politically, economically, and culturally. In terms of political changes, European imperialism negatively affected Africa. Firstly, European colonization created enormous conflict between colonists and the

Imperialism In The 19th Century Essay

1745 words - 7 pages There was a great deal of Imperialism in the 19th century, led by mostly westerners from Europe. Imperialism is the act in which one nation extends its rule over another. Imperialism had a substantial effect on the 19th century throughout the entire world by bringing upon changes to many different countries, for better and for worse, especially to Africa.Prior to the nineteenth century, westerners did interfere with many of the affairs of

European Imperialism In Africa Essay

709 words - 3 pages people by Imperialist Countries, this reducing Africans to poverty in the midst of plenty..." These acts carried out but the whites affected Africans in the colonized areas very badly.In the European/African imperialism of the nineteenth to twentieth century, both parties experienced benefits as well as negative results. Massive sums of money were lost on both sides. There was obvious economical tension at that time. More importantly, people's

European Imperialism In Africa Essay

1547 words - 6 pages humanitarians when in reality they were making Africa a terrible place to live with brutality and harsh treatment of the African natives. The ways of the Europeans had many physical and emotional costs for the people of Africa. The imperialism process also took a toll on the people of Europe. The European imperialistic colonization in Africa was motivated by the desire to control the abundant natural resources and a desire to exploit new labor and