This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Influence Of Noam Chomsky In Child Language Acquisition

2599 words - 10 pages

The influence of Noam Chomsky in child language acquisitionNoam Chomsky dominated the world of linguistics like a colossus for decades after the late fifties. My main aim of this essay is to discuss his influence in the area of child language acquisition and inspect to see if his influence is waxing or waning. After that I will examine the reasons behind the increase or decrease of his influence. I will be relating back every so often to nativism and the great 'nature vs. nurture' debate since Chomsky's reputation significantly depends on it.Avram Noam Chomsky was born in 1928 and is, as reported by the online Encyclopaedia , "an Institute Professor Emeritus of linguistics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and also is the creator of the Chomsky hierarchy, a classification of formal languages." Apart from his linguistic work, Chomsky is also famous for his political views.Although, the field of children's language development includes a whole range of perspectives , the issue that has outweighed the rest is that of whether language ability is 'innate' or not.This matter which has been long debated concentrates on finding out whether children were born 'preprogrammed' to acquire language or is it merely a matter of cultural product .One of the most influential figures around this debate was Noam Chomsky, who believed in the innate capacity of children for learning language. As Harris (1990:76) explains, "Chomsky suggested that infants are born with innate knowledge of the properties of language." Further elaborating on Chomskys's belief, Sampson (1997:23) says "Chomsky claims that this process of first language acquisition must be determined in most respects by a genetic programme, so that the development of language in an individuals mind is akin to the growth of a bodily organ rather than being a matter of responding to environmental stimulation."Noam Chomsky suggested that children are born with a genetic mechanism for the acquisition of language, which he called a "Language Acquisition Device" (LAD). He claimed that they are born with the major principles of language in place, but with many parameters to set. Further supporting this claim Chomsky (1972:113) said "Having some knowledge of the characteristics of the acquired grammars and the limitations on the available data, we can formulate quite reasonable and fairly strong empirical hypotheses regarding the internal structure of the LAD that constructs the postulated grammars from the given data."Nevertheless, this theory of an innate Language Acquisition Device has not been generally accepted but in fact has been opposed on two grounds. Firstly, in the famous ongoing debate between nature and nurture many people have criticised Chomsky for disregarding environmental aspects. Secondly, there is a difference of opinion as to whether language acquisition is part of the child's wider cognitive development or as Chomsky believes, is an independent inborn ability. Disagreements such as...

Find Another Essay On The influence of Noam Chomsky in child language acquisition

Discussion of the Importance of the Social and Cultural Context Where Child Language Acquisition is Concerned

3568 words - 14 pages introducing chosen by young speakers and the responses elicited from young listeners’, Journal of child language, no. 18, pp 663-87 Bavin,E (1992; reprint forthcoming) ‘ The acquisition of Warlpiri as a first language’, reprinted in Slobin, D.I (ed) The cross linguistic study of language acquisition, vol 1, Hillsdale, N. J.,Erlbaum. Berman, R. (1985) “ The Acquisition of Hebrew” in Slobin, D.I. (ed) The cross linguistic

Child language acquisition analysis of children's speech - Collegr - Assignment

563 words - 3 pages struggling to say a word so resorting to deletion is “bub/bu” because he cannot say the “ble” sound he just deletes it from the word. However, unlike the example before where he deletes the vowels from the word he is deleting the last phoneme of the word. Emily’s pronunciation is all correct in comparison and it is clear that because of her age she has more developed language than Ethan. One way in which we can see this is using Nelsons first word

Chomsky V. Friedman: A persuasive essay on the differing opinions of Noam Chomsky and Thomas Friedman when it comes to foreign affairs. In favor of Chomsky

790 words - 3 pages its own bad government over someone else's good government." Chomsky acknowledges that they were trying to rise-up against their oppressors and that this indicates that something is very wrong in their world, and needs to be fixed. It does not need to be destroyed, but remedied.Thomas Friedman and Noam Chomsky hold drastically different beliefs on the issue of why the events of September 11th occurred and how to deal with those responsible for them. Each holds a common view among citizens of the United States, although one may be more shortsighted and destructive than the other, the U.S. government has obviously made its decision and sided with Friedman.

The Process of Language Acquisition in Childhood

2953 words - 12 pages the different languages they learn, which is completely dependent upon the language the child hears. If the child were to only hear Klingon, the child would in theory learn Klingon, but the child would later reject this language because of the lack of acceptance of the fictional language in society (Clark, 1987). The first process of acquiring language is known as phonological development. In natural language acquisition, speech sounds begin

The Importance of Language Acquisition

2042 words - 8 pages reasons for language change. One such is a theory of tribe movement, which states that when a tribe enters a particular territory and settles there for longer time, it will influence people not originally from their tribe to begin speaking that tribe's language. The best way to illustrate this is to give a description of one of the possible ways of what happened in Europe during such a movement. Early in history, people used to live in north-central

The Impact of Age in Relation to Second Language Acquisition

2029 words - 9 pages Illinois provided in their case study, “Critical Period Effects in Second Language Learning: The Influence of Maturational State on the Acquisition of English as a Second Language” that, “some investigators have suggested that a critical period theory must predict that children are better than adults at learning second languages” (63). In order to prove or disprove the idea that children are able to better acquire second languages at a higher rate

The Acquisition of Spoken Language in Deaf Children

2203 words - 9 pages made as a deaf or hard of hearing child acquires spoken language in the first few years of their life. I hypothesis that deaf children will acquire language differently than hearing children and that they will need some type of addition assistance in order to do so. When discussing the process language acquisition in deaf children we must first look at what obstacles cause this to be such a challenge. It’s important to recognize that most deaf

An Examination of the Dogme Method of Language acquisition in English Language Teaching

1292 words - 5 pages inexperienced teachers, should be corrected, that the Dogme teaching method is totally against using teaching materials. According to Meddings and Thornbury (2009) a teacher, using the Dogme English Language Teaching method, should benefit from any teaching facilities have been acquired. However those facilities should not be the main source of teaching dominating the lessons, the teacher has to be in charge of directing the lessons. In other words, course

Language Acquisition in Children

1607 words - 6 pages Language Acquisition in Children Introduction The study of language development, one of the most fascinating human achievements, has a long and rich history, extending over thousands of years (Chomsky, 2000). As the nature-versus-nurture argument is inevitable to arise whenever human behaviors are discussed, it is not surprising that language experts have debated the relative influences of genetics and the environment on language

Theories of Language Acquisition

966 words - 4 pages Theories of Language Acquisition The theories of language acquisition are essentially centred around the nature nurture argument. The theory that children have an innate capacity for language was created by Noam Chomsky (1928- ) an American linguistic. This nativist approach states that learning language is part of the genetic makeup of human species and is nearly independent of any particular experience which

Review of Empirical Studies: The Usage of Games in Foreign Language Acquisition

799 words - 4 pages This paper reviews literature on serious games in the Foreign Language (FL) acquisition with the respect to grammar skills enhancement and attitudes towards grammar. The search identified a significant body of studies that tended to focus on the implementation of serious games in FL vocabulary and listening skills development, and both teachers and international students’ perceptions on grammar. However, there has been comparatively little

Similar Essays

The Question Of Language Acquisition (Lenneberg Vs. Chomsky)

867 words - 3 pages contrasting viewpoint against the Critical Period Hypothesis is the theory presented by Noam Chomsky. Chomsky hypothesized that people are born with a set of rules known as 'Universal Grammar'; thus people can acquire language at any point within their lifetime as long as they are placed in an adequate learning environment.4 Although many linguists concur with Chomsky's views about Universal Grammar; the movie, "Nell" can be interpreted in such

Critically Assess The View Put Forward By Linguist Noam Chomsky That Children Are "Predisposed", To Learn Language With Ease Because Their Brains Contain "Language Acquisition Devices"

1433 words - 6 pages go onto the using of words, utterance, speech act and so on. What rule or theory is governing this development?The linguist, Noam Chomsky (1957) believed that all language are grammatically and linguistic universals though they are spoken and written differently. He suggested a hypothetical model: the Language Acquisition Device (LAD), which attempts to explain language development by inferring what must be going on in the child’s brain, but

The Acquisition Of Language: Genie A Feral Child

2206 words - 9 pages The tragic case of feral child Genie provides a unique perspective on the roles of socialization and physiology in language acquisition during the critical period. After 11 years of isolation and abuse Genie was discovered possessing no known language, having already passed what was theorized to be the critical period. Through examining Genie’s diagnosed mental retardation and dichotic testing, we can draw conclusions from her physical abuse and

Three Main Theories Of Child Language Acquisition

1160 words - 5 pages already understands the language. A final theory that is connected to the writings of Noam Chomsky tries to pinpoint the first language acquisition to a Language Acquisition Device or LAD. This LAD is supposedly already hardwired in a child’s brain and somehow is connected to structural properties found universally in all languages (Linguistics 201). Although, no evidence of this theory has been found, all languages do seem to contain nouns