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The Impact Of Radio Free Europe And Radio Liberty During The Cold War

1102 words - 4 pages

Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty was a magnificent creation which helped in the demise of the Soviet Union. There is no doubt that the Cold War was full of deception and treachery, that it was necessary from a democratic perspective to hear the true sides of events. The innovations of the Cold War Committee enabled these two stations to beam the correct versions of events behind the Iron Curtain. For many Communist and non-communist; there was only one version of what happened, and the advent of RFE and RFL gave the conquered people the opportunity to hear both sides. Naturally, many people behind the Iron Curtain were often confused; and since there was no means to verify the accuracy of the radio’s message, most assume it was all propaganda regardless of the source.
Arch Puddington wrote a very captivation and well researched book on the impact of RFE and RL, in informing listeners, which brought about the demise of Marxism and the Eastern Bloc. Puddington signified that the success of the stations goes to the grand architects: Allen Dulles, George Kennan, and General Lucius Clay, who were firmly committed to the success of the stations. He argued that, a 1949 RFE memo refers to Kennan as the “Father of our project,” where he drafted NSC 10/2, which authorized psychological warfare, and propaganda against the enemy. (p11) Evidently, this should come as no surprise, since he was after all the main architect of the Cold War policy.
His book thus offers the reader a fascinating glimpse of RFE and RL in executing the U.S. Cold War policy, and the efforts of subversive operatives to infiltrate and sabotage both stations. Agreeably, the stations served as the paramount means of expressing America’s point of view, of the events transpiring behind the “Iron Curtain.” Puddington acknowledged that both stations played a significant role in the fight against Communist, from the materials he had researched at RFE & RL archives in Washington, D.C., (p.x). No historian can thus dispute the validity of his statements since he served as a writer and administrator for both stations from 1985-1993.
Puddington acknowledged that he had the best of Cold War intellectuals, such as the Russian author Mark P and Solomon Volkov, and the composer Dmitri Shostakovich, who were widely known in Russia, and this adds legitimacy to the stations. He connoted that throughout its period of broadcasting RFE did not promote any particular economic system and adhered to it throughout the Cold War. (p3). Likewise, both stations were unlike the BBC; in that their broadcasts were strictly aimed at the country they aspire to bring down, and the main success of their broadcasts was that they inform their audience of events that took place in their home country. He attested as a consequence of the success of the stations; the Soviets were spending huge amounts of money to jam Western broadcast to the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe.
However, despite their efforts, millions...

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